Why Do Individuals Delay Treatment When Experiencing Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction?

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147190
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Why Do Individuals Delay Treatment When Experiencing Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction?
Abstract:
Why Do Individuals Delay Treatment When Experiencing Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction?
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Lesneski, Lisa A., PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Scranton
Title:Assistant Professor
[Scientific session research presentation] Delay in seeking treatment during an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can have life-threatening consequences.  When an AMI occurs, the individual must recognize the signs and symptoms and respond immediately. A delay in seeking treatment may increase heart damage and reduce an individual?s chance of survival. To preserve heart muscle, time is crucial.  The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence individuals to delay seeking treatment when having symptoms of an AMI. A prospective descriptive study was conducted on AMI patients at three Northeastern Pennsylvania hospitals. Patients were interviewed using the "Response to Symptoms Questionnaire."  A substudy of patients was asked additional open-ended questions and a content analysis was completed. The mean age of the participants was 63.92 years old. The majority of the participants were men (69.5%), while 30.5% were women.  In a multiple regression analysis, the following were associated with prolonged delay when experiencing AMI symptoms: being at home, mild to moderate pain, believing one had control over one's symptoms, and being in a public place. Qualitative results found that participants either denied that they had a heart problem or sought medical treatment during their symptom experience. Patients either did nothing during their initial symptoms onset or they did something to help themselves. Participants responded that they knew to seek treatment because they had previous experience with AMI symptoms of a family member, experienced persistent symptoms, or consulted someone else who made the decision to seek treatment for them. The findings of this study support that individuals do delay treatment when having symptoms of AMI and are influenced by cognitive, social, and emotional factors. Healthcare providers can use knowledge of this study to identify potential responses and situations that can affect delay time of patients in the future.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWhy Do Individuals Delay Treatment When Experiencing Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction?en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147190-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Why Do Individuals Delay Treatment When Experiencing Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction?</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lesneski, Lisa A., PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Scranton</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">lesneskil2@scranton.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Scientific session research presentation] Delay in seeking treatment during an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) can have life-threatening consequences.&nbsp; When an AMI occurs, the individual must recognize the signs and symptoms and respond immediately. A delay in seeking treatment may increase heart damage and reduce an individual?s chance of survival.&nbsp;To preserve heart muscle, time is crucial.&nbsp; The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence individuals to delay seeking treatment when having symptoms of an AMI.&nbsp;A prospective descriptive study was conducted on AMI patients at three Northeastern Pennsylvania hospitals.&nbsp;Patients were interviewed using the &quot;Response to Symptoms Questionnaire.&quot;&nbsp; A substudy of patients was asked additional open-ended questions and a content analysis was completed.&nbsp;The mean age of the participants was 63.92 years old. The majority of the participants were men (69.5%), while 30.5% were women.&nbsp; In a multiple regression analysis, the following were associated with prolonged delay when experiencing AMI symptoms: being at home, mild to moderate pain, believing one had control over one's symptoms, and being in a public place.&nbsp;Qualitative results found that participants either denied that they had a heart problem or sought medical treatment during their symptom experience. Patients either did nothing during their initial symptoms onset or they did something to help themselves. Participants responded that they knew to seek treatment because they had previous experience with AMI symptoms of a family member, experienced persistent symptoms, or consulted someone else who made the decision to seek treatment for them. The findings of this study support that individuals do delay treatment when having symptoms of AMI and are influenced by cognitive, social, and emotional factors.&nbsp;Healthcare providers can use knowledge of this study to identify potential responses and situations that can affect delay time of patients in the future.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:30:01Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:30:01Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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