2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147431
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Women's anger: Dispelling the myths
Abstract:
Women's anger: Dispelling the myths
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Denham, Gayle, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Eastern Kentucky UniversityBaccalaureate Nursing
Title:Nursing Instructor
There has been little research on women's anger, and conclusions drawn from therapists' case reports have been inappropriately generalized to nonclinical groups. Thus, myths regarding women's anger are abundant. In our previous study of a nonclinical sample of mid-life women (Thomas and Donnellan, 1988), factors significantly correlated with anger included daily stress, external locus of control, lower optimism, lower functional social support, and loss of important relationship(s) during the past year. The present study builds on and extends this research by (a) examining additional predictors of anger; (b) assessing a larger sample (N > 400); and (c) including both clinical and nonclinical groups of women. The conceptual model guiding this program of research includes appraisal concepts, modifying factors, and outcome variables (Thomas, 1990). Instruments were Spielberger's Trait Anger Scale, Framingham Anger Scales, Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Norbeck's Social Support Questionnaire, Beck's Depression Inventory, the Current Health Scale of the HPQ, a Values Survey, and a researcher-developed tool assessing precipitants of anger and stress through open-ended questions. Standard demographic information was also requested.



Subjects were obtained through a combination of network and purposive sampling from a variety of sources, including social clubs, educational settings, work sites, hospital inpatient units, an internal medicine practice, and psychiatric private practice settings. Most women were white, married with children and working outside the home. Age range was 25 to 66 years. Cronbach's alpha was computed for all scales to ascertain reliability. Data analyses included ANOVA, correlation, regression, and content analysis of the responses to open-ended items. Nonclinical, psychiatric, and medical samples differed significantly, with psychiatric patients scoring higher than the other groups on trait anger, anger-out, and anger symptoms. Factors associated with trait anger and modes of anger expression differed among the groups, although commonalities were also observed. Suggestions for future research and for refinement of the conceptual model will be offered.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWomen's anger: Dispelling the mythsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147431-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Women's anger: Dispelling the myths</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Denham, Gayle, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Eastern Kentucky UniversityBaccalaureate Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">bsndenha@acs.eku.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">There has been little research on women's anger, and conclusions drawn from therapists' case reports have been inappropriately generalized to nonclinical groups. Thus, myths regarding women's anger are abundant. In our previous study of a nonclinical sample of mid-life women (Thomas and Donnellan, 1988), factors significantly correlated with anger included daily stress, external locus of control, lower optimism, lower functional social support, and loss of important relationship(s) during the past year. The present study builds on and extends this research by (a) examining additional predictors of anger; (b) assessing a larger sample (N &gt; 400); and (c) including both clinical and nonclinical groups of women. The conceptual model guiding this program of research includes appraisal concepts, modifying factors, and outcome variables (Thomas, 1990). Instruments were Spielberger's Trait Anger Scale, Framingham Anger Scales, Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Norbeck's Social Support Questionnaire, Beck's Depression Inventory, the Current Health Scale of the HPQ, a Values Survey, and a researcher-developed tool assessing precipitants of anger and stress through open-ended questions. Standard demographic information was also requested.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Subjects were obtained through a combination of network and purposive sampling from a variety of sources, including social clubs, educational settings, work sites, hospital inpatient units, an internal medicine practice, and psychiatric private practice settings. Most women were white, married with children and working outside the home. Age range was 25 to 66 years. Cronbach's alpha was computed for all scales to ascertain reliability. Data analyses included ANOVA, correlation, regression, and content analysis of the responses to open-ended items. Nonclinical, psychiatric, and medical samples differed significantly, with psychiatric patients scoring higher than the other groups on trait anger, anger-out, and anger symptoms. Factors associated with trait anger and modes of anger expression differed among the groups, although commonalities were also observed. Suggestions for future research and for refinement of the conceptual model will be offered.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:32:21Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:32:21Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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