2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147441
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A comparison of two teaching methodologies of breastfeeding
Abstract:
A comparison of two teaching methodologies of breastfeeding
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Gilliam, Nancy, BSN/BN
P.I. Institution Name:Tampa General Hospital
Title:Education Coordinator
Mothers who breastfeed their infants are increasing in number. More than 50 percent of the new mothers who give birth to living, healthy infants breastfeed. (Gulick 1982, Haum 1985, Hall 1978). These mothers need breastfeeding information in order to successfully breastfeed. (Beske and Garvis 1982, Lada 1970, and Wainwright 1981). Although maternity nurses have assumed the responsibility of teaching mothers to breastfeed, there is limited published nursing research on the effectiveness of one teaching methodology over another. The purpose of this experimental study was to compare two different modalities of teaching the principles of breastfeeding. First time breastfeeding mothers who watched a videotape were compared to first time breastfeeding mothers who attended an informal lecture class to determine if there was a difference in learning outcome regarding breastfeeding content.



Forty-one subjects were randomized into two different groups. Twenty subjects in Group I watched the videotape and 21 subjects in Group II attended an informal lecture class. Demographic data were obtained on each subject and both groups completed a knowledge test prior to and after the breastfeeding instruction. The analysis of data revealed there was a significant difference in pre/post knowledge gain scores of both groups regardless of the teaching methodology used. The results of the paired t-test computed on Group I, those subjects who watched the videotape on breastfeeding, were significant (p<0.01). The data analysis on Group II, those subjects who attended an informal lecture class on breastfeeding, indicated a significant difference in knowledge gain scores (p<0.001). When the knowledge gain test scores of both groups were compared, the resulting t-value was not significant (p>0.05). The Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test indicated that there was no difference in the knowledge gain of first time breastfeeding mothers who watched a videotape on breastfeeding (p>.05) compared to those first time breastfeeding mothers who attended a breastfeeding class (p>.05).



This study concluded that the videotaped instruction was as effective as an informal class in disseminating information on breastfeeding. Since first time breastfeeding mothers were able to learn as effectively using a videotape on breastfeeding as with an informal lecture class, it might be more desirable to use a videotape to teach new mothers how to breastfeed. One must be cognizant that videotaped instruction requires less time, equipment, nursing personnel, and is convenient for new mothers. Maternal Child nurses should evaluate this method of instruction in an era of cost containment and early discharge.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA comparison of two teaching methodologies of breastfeedingen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147441-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A comparison of two teaching methodologies of breastfeeding</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gilliam, Nancy, BSN/BN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Tampa General Hospital</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Education Coordinator</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Mothers who breastfeed their infants are increasing in number. More than 50 percent of the new mothers who give birth to living, healthy infants breastfeed. (Gulick 1982, Haum 1985, Hall 1978). These mothers need breastfeeding information in order to successfully breastfeed. (Beske and Garvis 1982, Lada 1970, and Wainwright 1981). Although maternity nurses have assumed the responsibility of teaching mothers to breastfeed, there is limited published nursing research on the effectiveness of one teaching methodology over another. The purpose of this experimental study was to compare two different modalities of teaching the principles of breastfeeding. First time breastfeeding mothers who watched a videotape were compared to first time breastfeeding mothers who attended an informal lecture class to determine if there was a difference in learning outcome regarding breastfeeding content.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Forty-one subjects were randomized into two different groups. Twenty subjects in Group I watched the videotape and 21 subjects in Group II attended an informal lecture class. Demographic data were obtained on each subject and both groups completed a knowledge test prior to and after the breastfeeding instruction. The analysis of data revealed there was a significant difference in pre/post knowledge gain scores of both groups regardless of the teaching methodology used. The results of the paired t-test computed on Group I, those subjects who watched the videotape on breastfeeding, were significant (p&lt;0.01). The data analysis on Group II, those subjects who attended an informal lecture class on breastfeeding, indicated a significant difference in knowledge gain scores (p&lt;0.001). When the knowledge gain test scores of both groups were compared, the resulting t-value was not significant (p&gt;0.05). The Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test indicated that there was no difference in the knowledge gain of first time breastfeeding mothers who watched a videotape on breastfeeding (p&gt;.05) compared to those first time breastfeeding mothers who attended a breastfeeding class (p&gt;.05).<br/><br/><br/><br/>This study concluded that the videotaped instruction was as effective as an informal class in disseminating information on breastfeeding. Since first time breastfeeding mothers were able to learn as effectively using a videotape on breastfeeding as with an informal lecture class, it might be more desirable to use a videotape to teach new mothers how to breastfeed. One must be cognizant that videotaped instruction requires less time, equipment, nursing personnel, and is convenient for new mothers. Maternal Child nurses should evaluate this method of instruction in an era of cost containment and early discharge.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:32:27Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:32:27Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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