Bearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS: The Testing of a Substantive Theory

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147460
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Bearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS: The Testing of a Substantive Theory
Abstract:
Bearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS: The Testing of a Substantive Theory
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Hall, Vincent
P.I. Institution Name:Western Carolina University
The phenomenon of AIDS volunteerism, as a response by those affected by the suffering and loss associated with HIV/AIDS, has been described as an act of bearing witness. The newly developed theory, “Bearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS,” proposes that AIDS volunteerism assists individuals affected by the loss associated with HIV/AIDS to increase their levels of hope, self-esteem, and social support, and ultimately increase a sense of purpose in life and construct meaning from their loss. The purpose of this research was to determine if AIDS volunteerism, hope, self-esteem, and social support were predictive of purpose in life among individuals affected by loss from HIV/AIDS. Further, this research determined if differences existed in levels of hope, self-esteem, social support, and purpose in life between individuals that perform AIDS volunteerism versus those who do not. A descriptive design was employed. A self-administered questionnaire packet was used to collect data. The convenience sample of 120 HIV positive and negative individuals was primarily drawn from the client and volunteer populations of two community-based AIDS service organizations. Path analysis and ANOVA were used to analyze data. Hope, social support, and in particular self-esteem were found to have significant positive effects on purpose in life and accounted for 66% of the total variance for purpose in life. HIV positive and HIV negative AIDS volunteers had significantly greater levels of hope, social support, self-esteem, and purpose in life than HIV positive and HIV negative non-volunteers. Multiple and complicated loss is a major issue for those affected by HIV/AIDS. The knowledge gained from this study will be used to further develop the theory of Bearing Witness; this theory may be ultimately useful to develop and test interventions to relieve the suffering and loss experienced by those individuals affected by HIV/AIDS.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleBearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS: The Testing of a Substantive Theoryen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147460-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Bearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS: The Testing of a Substantive Theory</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hall, Vincent</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Western Carolina University</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">hallv@wcu.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The phenomenon of AIDS volunteerism, as a response by those affected by the suffering and loss associated with HIV/AIDS, has been described as an act of bearing witness. The newly developed theory, &ldquo;Bearing Witness to Suffering in HIV/AIDS,&rdquo; proposes that AIDS volunteerism assists individuals affected by the loss associated with HIV/AIDS to increase their levels of hope, self-esteem, and social support, and ultimately increase a sense of purpose in life and construct meaning from their loss. The purpose of this research was to determine if AIDS volunteerism, hope, self-esteem, and social support were predictive of purpose in life among individuals affected by loss from HIV/AIDS. Further, this research determined if differences existed in levels of hope, self-esteem, social support, and purpose in life between individuals that perform AIDS volunteerism versus those who do not. A descriptive design was employed. A self-administered questionnaire packet was used to collect data. The convenience sample of 120 HIV positive and negative individuals was primarily drawn from the client and volunteer populations of two community-based AIDS service organizations. Path analysis and ANOVA were used to analyze data. Hope, social support, and in particular self-esteem were found to have significant positive effects on purpose in life and accounted for 66% of the total variance for purpose in life. HIV positive and HIV negative AIDS volunteers had significantly greater levels of hope, social support, self-esteem, and purpose in life than HIV positive and HIV negative non-volunteers. Multiple and complicated loss is a major issue for those affected by HIV/AIDS. The knowledge gained from this study will be used to further develop the theory of Bearing Witness; this theory may be ultimately useful to develop and test interventions to relieve the suffering and loss experienced by those individuals affected by HIV/AIDS.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:32:39Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:32:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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