Effects of Music Intervention on Persons with Cognitive Impairments

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147481
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of Music Intervention on Persons with Cognitive Impairments
Abstract:
Effects of Music Intervention on Persons with Cognitive Impairments
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Lim, Young
P.I. Institution Name:Yonsei University
Title:Assistant Professor
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of music intervention on behavioral, psychological, physical, and cognitive outcomes for persons with cognitive impairments. It is proposed that the use of music is useful for changing the extent, which the environment influences the psychological, cognitive, physical, and behavioral functioning of demented elders. A quasi-experimental research with non-equivalent control group design was employed. Twelve residents with moderately cognitive impairments were chosen in a long-term care facility. Six residents among twelve residents were randomly selected to receive the music intervention. For the intervention group with six residents, the investigator provided the music intervention during 50 minutes three times a week for the 8-week intervention phase. The music intervention includes for singing and playing the musical instruments. During the music intervention, reality orientation was provided. The instruments used to measure the psychological, behavioral, physical, and cognitive impact, were Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Aggressive Behavior Checklist (ABC), Activities of Daily Livings (ADL), and Mini-Mental State Examination-Korean(MMSE-K). The instruments were measured before and after the intervention at both experimental and control group. Baseline and post-intervention were measured by nurse in the long-term care facility. Non-parametric methods for quantitative analysis with small sizes were used. The Wilcoxon rank sum test statistic was used to determine the differences between control and intervention group. For depression and cognitive functioning, there was a significant difference at post-intervention between control and intervention group (p<.05). For intervention group, there was a significant difference between baseline and post-intervention (p<.05). The results of this study showed a significant increase in cognitive functioning, and decrease the depression of residents with cognitive impairments when they were provided with music intervention. Although the number of subjects in this study was too small to draw a meaningful conclusion that can be applicable to all demented elders, the findings have implications for maintaining the psychological and cognitive functioning rather than behavioral and physical functioning of moderately cognitive impaired elders if they were continuously provided with music intervention.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of Music Intervention on Persons with Cognitive Impairmentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147481-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of Music Intervention on Persons with Cognitive Impairments</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lim, Young</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Yonsei University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ymlim@wonju.yonsei.ac.kr</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of music intervention on behavioral, psychological, physical, and cognitive outcomes for persons with cognitive impairments. It is proposed that the use of music is useful for changing the extent, which the environment influences the psychological, cognitive, physical, and behavioral functioning of demented elders. A quasi-experimental research with non-equivalent control group design was employed. Twelve residents with moderately cognitive impairments were chosen in a long-term care facility. Six residents among twelve residents were randomly selected to receive the music intervention. For the intervention group with six residents, the investigator provided the music intervention during 50 minutes three times a week for the 8-week intervention phase. The music intervention includes for singing and playing the musical instruments. During the music intervention, reality orientation was provided. The instruments used to measure the psychological, behavioral, physical, and cognitive impact, were Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Aggressive Behavior Checklist (ABC), Activities of Daily Livings (ADL), and Mini-Mental State Examination-Korean(MMSE-K). The instruments were measured before and after the intervention at both experimental and control group. Baseline and post-intervention were measured by nurse in the long-term care facility. Non-parametric methods for quantitative analysis with small sizes were used. The Wilcoxon rank sum test statistic was used to determine the differences between control and intervention group. For depression and cognitive functioning, there was a significant difference at post-intervention between control and intervention group (p&lt;.05). For intervention group, there was a significant difference between baseline and post-intervention (p&lt;.05). The results of this study showed a significant increase in cognitive functioning, and decrease the depression of residents with cognitive impairments when they were provided with music intervention. Although the number of subjects in this study was too small to draw a meaningful conclusion that can be applicable to all demented elders, the findings have implications for maintaining the psychological and cognitive functioning rather than behavioral and physical functioning of moderately cognitive impaired elders if they were continuously provided with music intervention.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:32:52Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:32:52Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.