Impact of a Computer-Based Intervention on Chronic Illness Management

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147539
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Impact of a Computer-Based Intervention on Chronic Illness Management
Abstract:
Impact of a Computer-Based Intervention on Chronic Illness Management
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Weinert, Clarann, SC, PhD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:Montana State University
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Wade G. Hill, RN, PhD
[Leadership session research presentation] Objective: Women to Women (WTW) is an innovative computer-based intervention for conducting virtual support groups and providing health education. The objective of this presentation is to examine the effects of the intervention on measures of psychosocial health over time. Design: Repeated measures of seven psychosocial health outcomes were taken at six points across 24 months. Differences between the intervention group (n = 82) and the control group (n = 69) were examined. Sample/Setting: Data collection was concluded in June, 2006. The participants had a mean age of 53.8, 15 years education, a variety of chronic health conditions, modest incomes and lived in rural areas of five western states. Variables: The psychosocial health outcomes were considered to be amenable to the intervention and proxy indicators of adaptation to chronic illness. They included: social support, self-esteem, empowerment, self-efficacy, depression, loneliness, and stress Findings: Preliminary results, i.e., baseline to the end of the intervention, for the ANOVAs indicated that significant time * treatment interactions exist for self-esteem (F(1,98) = 5.97, (p = .016), social support (F(1,98) = 4.43, (p = .038), and empowerment (F(1,98) = 6.06, (p = .016). This suggests that the group scores changed differently across time. Conclusions: The computer-based intervention appears to contribute to improved self-esteem, social support, and empowerment. Descriptive, but non-significant differences, were found for depression, loneliness, self-efficacy, and stress. Implications: As the project moves forward, data-based information will play a major role in the refinement of the length and content of the intervention. It is essential that the impact on adaptation to chronic illness be firmly demonstrated prior to moving this type of computer-based program into clinical practice. The WTW project is making a difference in women's psychosocial health, providing impetus to researchers and clinicians interested in harnessing technology to assist people in adapting to chronic illness.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImpact of a Computer-Based Intervention on Chronic Illness Managementen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147539-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Impact of a Computer-Based Intervention on Chronic Illness Management</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Weinert, Clarann, SC, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Montana State University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">cweinert@montana.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Wade G. Hill, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Leadership session research presentation] Objective: Women to Women (WTW) is an innovative computer-based intervention for conducting virtual support groups and providing health education. The objective of this presentation is to examine the effects of the intervention on measures of psychosocial health over time. Design: Repeated measures of seven psychosocial health outcomes were taken at six points across 24 months. Differences between the intervention group (n = 82) and the control group (n = 69) were examined. Sample/Setting: Data collection was concluded in June, 2006. The participants had a mean age of 53.8, 15 years education, a variety of chronic health conditions, modest incomes and lived in rural areas of five western states. Variables: The psychosocial health outcomes were considered to be amenable to the intervention and proxy indicators of adaptation to chronic illness. They included: social support, self-esteem, empowerment, self-efficacy, depression, loneliness, and stress Findings: Preliminary results, i.e., baseline to the end of the intervention, for the ANOVAs indicated that significant time * treatment interactions exist for self-esteem (F(1,98) = 5.97, (p = .016), social support (F(1,98) = 4.43, (p = .038), and empowerment (F(1,98) = 6.06, (p = .016). This suggests that the group scores changed differently across time. Conclusions: The computer-based intervention appears to contribute to improved self-esteem, social support, and empowerment. Descriptive, but non-significant differences, were found for depression, loneliness, self-efficacy, and stress. Implications: As the project moves forward, data-based information will play a major role in the refinement of the length and content of the intervention. It is essential that the impact on adaptation to chronic illness be firmly demonstrated prior to moving this type of computer-based program into clinical practice. The WTW project is making a difference in women's psychosocial health, providing impetus to researchers and clinicians interested in harnessing technology to assist people in adapting to chronic illness.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:33:28Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:33:28Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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