Physical Exhaustion, Happiness, and Maternal Competence of Chinese Postpartum Mothers in the United States and Taiwan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147572
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Physical Exhaustion, Happiness, and Maternal Competence of Chinese Postpartum Mothers in the United States and Taiwan
Abstract:
Physical Exhaustion, Happiness, and Maternal Competence of Chinese Postpartum Mothers in the United States and Taiwan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Cheng, Ching-Yu, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Nursing
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Shwu-Ru Liou, PhD, RN
[Scientific Session Presentation] Being a mother was a happy life event whereas physical exhaustion was one of the frequently experienced postpartum physical conditions. How physical exhaustion, happiness, and maternal competence related was not studied. The purposes of this secondary analysis were to examine (a) relationships between physical exhaustion, happiness, and maternal competence of Chinese postpartum mother in the U.S. and Taiwan, and (b) differences of those relationships between Chinese mothers in U.S. and Taiwan. The original study included a pilot study testing reliability and validity of questionnaires and two main studies on 151 and 248 Chinese mothers within one year postpartum in the U.S. and Taiwan, respectively. The majority of mothers in the U.S. were first generation. Most mothers were primiparous, delivered vaginally, and received cultural postpartum care. More mothers in the U.S. were homemakers, were older, and had higher educational levels than Taiwanese mothers. Happiness, maternal competence, and physical exhaustion were measured and analyzed with four positive items in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence scale, and a question about postpartum physical conditions. Overall, Chinese mothers were not too happy, did not perceive high maternal competence, and 34.7% of mothers experienced physical exhaustion. Mothers in the U.S. were happier, perceived higher competence than Taiwanese mothers. Happiness was positively correlated with maternal competence whereas physical exhaustion was negatively correlated with happiness for Chinese mothers in both U.S. and Taiwan. The relationship between happiness and maternal competence was stronger for the U.S. mothers than for Taiwanese mothers. Maternal competence and physical exhaustion could explain 20.3% and 13.7% of the variance of happiness for mothers in the U.S. and Taiwan, respectively. Environment influences mothers' perception of competence and happiness. Strategies to help mothers to attain maternal role, increase confidence, and decrease fatigue may improve their quality of life.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePhysical Exhaustion, Happiness, and Maternal Competence of Chinese Postpartum Mothers in the United States and Taiwanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147572-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Physical Exhaustion, Happiness, and Maternal Competence of Chinese Postpartum Mothers in the United States and Taiwan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Cheng, Ching-Yu, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">chingyuus@gmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Shwu-Ru Liou, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Scientific Session Presentation] Being a mother was a happy life event whereas physical exhaustion was one of the frequently experienced postpartum physical conditions. How physical exhaustion, happiness, and maternal competence related was not studied. The purposes of this secondary analysis were to examine (a) relationships between physical exhaustion, happiness, and maternal competence of Chinese postpartum mother in the U.S. and Taiwan, and (b) differences of those relationships between Chinese mothers in U.S. and Taiwan. The original study included a pilot study testing reliability and validity of questionnaires and two main studies on 151 and 248 Chinese mothers within one year postpartum in the U.S. and Taiwan, respectively. The majority of mothers in the U.S. were first generation. Most mothers were primiparous, delivered vaginally, and received cultural postpartum care. More mothers in the U.S. were homemakers, were older, and had higher educational levels than Taiwanese mothers. Happiness, maternal competence, and physical exhaustion were measured and analyzed with four positive items in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, the Parenting Sense of Competence scale, and a question about postpartum physical conditions. Overall, Chinese mothers were not too happy, did not perceive high maternal competence, and 34.7% of mothers experienced physical exhaustion. Mothers in the U.S. were happier, perceived higher competence than Taiwanese mothers. Happiness was positively correlated with maternal competence whereas physical exhaustion was negatively correlated with happiness for Chinese mothers in both U.S. and Taiwan. The relationship between happiness and maternal competence was stronger for the U.S. mothers than for Taiwanese mothers. Maternal competence and physical exhaustion could explain 20.3% and 13.7% of the variance of happiness for mothers in the U.S. and Taiwan, respectively. Environment influences mothers' perception of competence and happiness. Strategies to help mothers to attain maternal role, increase confidence, and decrease fatigue may improve their quality of life.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:33:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:33:49Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.