Reminiscence Functions: Comparing Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Education, Health Status and Personality in Older Adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147815
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Reminiscence Functions: Comparing Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Education, Health Status and Personality in Older Adults
Abstract:
Reminiscence Functions: Comparing Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Education, Health Status and Personality in Older Adults
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Washington, Gail Terry, DNS, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Cal State University, Los Angeles
Title:Assistant Professor
Purpose: To compare the functions of reminiscence in African American, Hispanic American and Caucasian older adult community residents using Washington's Conceptual Framework and Modified Reminiscence Functions Scale. Design and Methods: The comparative design used a convenient sample of 261 older adults with ethnicity as a stratifying variable. The Modified Reminiscence Functions Scale containing 7 subscales: self-regard, death preparation, bitterness revival, intimacy, teach/inform, boredom, conversation and 39-items, was used to determine for what purpose individuals reminisce (Washington, 2003). In addition to ethnicity, demographic data included: age, years of education, health status, and personality. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to determine differences in reminiscence functions among gender, ethnic, health status and personality subgroups and Scheffe post-hoc comparisons were performed to determine which pairs of scores were significantly different. Results: Females and African Americans were slightly more represented (62.8% and 34.5 % respectively). Results indicated significant ethnic differences across subscales (F (3,257) = 9.49, p < 00.1). Scheffle post-hoc test indicated Caucasians were significantly different in their responses than African Americans and Hispanics (F(21,753)=3.101, p Conclusion: The results indicated an assessment be used to identify those persons who may or may not benefit from the use of reminiscence as a therapeutic intervention. Moreover, the study should be replicated in different regions of the country to validate similar findings.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleReminiscence Functions: Comparing Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Education, Health Status and Personality in Older Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147815-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Reminiscence Functions: Comparing Ethnicity, Gender, Age, Education, Health Status and Personality in Older Adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Washington, Gail Terry, DNS, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Cal State University, Los Angeles</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">gwashin@calstatela.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: To compare the functions of reminiscence in African American, Hispanic American and Caucasian older adult community residents using Washington's Conceptual Framework and Modified Reminiscence Functions Scale. Design and Methods: The comparative design used a convenient sample of 261 older adults with ethnicity as a stratifying variable. The Modified Reminiscence Functions Scale containing 7 subscales: self-regard, death preparation, bitterness revival, intimacy, teach/inform, boredom, conversation and 39-items, was used to determine for what purpose individuals reminisce (Washington, 2003). In addition to ethnicity, demographic data included: age, years of education, health status, and personality. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to determine differences in reminiscence functions among gender, ethnic, health status and personality subgroups and Scheffe post-hoc comparisons were performed to determine which pairs of scores were significantly different. Results: Females and African Americans were slightly more represented (62.8% and 34.5 % respectively). Results indicated significant ethnic differences across subscales (F (3,257) = 9.49, p &lt; 00.1). Scheffle post-hoc test indicated Caucasians were significantly different in their responses than African Americans and Hispanics (F(21,753)=3.101, p Conclusion: The results indicated an assessment be used to identify those persons who may or may not benefit from the use of reminiscence as a therapeutic intervention. Moreover, the study should be replicated in different regions of the country to validate similar findings.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:36:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:36:43Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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