Implications for Best Practice: A Comparison of Forearm and Upper Arm Blood Pressure Readings in Healthy Adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/147869
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Implications for Best Practice: A Comparison of Forearm and Upper Arm Blood Pressure Readings in Healthy Adults
Abstract:
Implications for Best Practice: A Comparison of Forearm and Upper Arm Blood Pressure Readings in Healthy Adults
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Crigger, Nancy J., PhD, MA, ARNP, BC
P.I. Institution Name:William Jewell College
Title:Associate professor
Co-Authors:Mindy Fortune, BA; Katie Jeselnik, BA; Sarah Johnson, BA; Jiayu Zhao, BS; Laura Wiley, ; Amber Smith, ; Erica Houghton, ; Roy Hamilton, ; Jill Cates,
[Leadership session research presentation] Many healthcare institutions take blood pressures in upper and lower arms without documentation between the two locations. Since diagnoses of hypotension and hypertension are based on blood pressure readings, significant differences in location for blood pressure readings are clinically important. Previous research on location comparisons studied were of heterogeneous groups of hospitalized patients and findings of these studies are inconsistent. This research compared blood pressure readings to determine if a measurable significant difference existed between the upper arm and the forearm in healthy adults.  We hypothesize that a significant difference exists in blood pressure readings taken in the forearm versus readings taken in the upper arm. A sample of 100 healthy male and female volunteers, age 18 to 45. Analyses revealed that the average blood pressure readings for the systolic and diastolic readings were higher in the forearm than the upper arm by approximately 6 mmHg.  A statistically significant difference existed in both systolic [t-Test (paired) = 8.969; df=99; sig=<.0001 (2- tailed)] and diastolic [t-Test (paired) =9.167; df=99; sig=<.0001(2=tailed)]. The difference of 6 mmHg, if supported with additional research, suggest that readings of upper arm and forearm cannot be treated interchangeably. The findings of this study should be replicated with varied groups and use sample selection with greater generalizability so that parameters for populations can be determined.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImplications for Best Practice: A Comparison of Forearm and Upper Arm Blood Pressure Readings in Healthy Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/147869-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Implications for Best Practice: A Comparison of Forearm and Upper Arm Blood Pressure Readings in Healthy Adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Crigger, Nancy J., PhD, MA, ARNP, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">William Jewell College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">criggern@william.jewell.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mindy Fortune, BA; Katie Jeselnik, BA; Sarah Johnson, BA; Jiayu Zhao, BS; Laura Wiley, ; Amber Smith, ; Erica Houghton, ; Roy Hamilton, ; Jill Cates,</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Leadership session research presentation] Many healthcare institutions take blood pressures in upper and lower arms without documentation&nbsp;between the two locations.&nbsp;Since&nbsp;diagnoses of hypotension and hypertension are based on&nbsp;blood pressure&nbsp;readings, significant differences in location for&nbsp;blood pressure readings&nbsp;are clinically important.&nbsp;Previous research on location comparisons studied&nbsp;were&nbsp;of heterogeneous groups of hospitalized patients and findings of these studies are inconsistent. This research&nbsp;compared blood pressure readings to determine&nbsp;if a measurable significant difference existed between the upper arm and the forearm in healthy adults.&nbsp; We hypothesize that a significant difference exists in blood pressure readings taken in the forearm versus readings taken in the upper arm. A sample of 100 healthy male and female volunteers, age 18 to 45. Analyses revealed that the average blood pressure readings for the systolic and diastolic readings were higher in the forearm than the upper arm by approximately 6 mmHg.&nbsp; A statistically significant difference existed in both systolic [t-Test (paired) = 8.969; df=99; sig=&lt;.0001 (2- tailed)] and diastolic [t-Test (paired) =9.167; df=99; sig=&lt;.0001(2=tailed)].&nbsp;The difference of 6 mmHg, if supported with additional research, suggest that readings of upper arm and forearm cannot be treated interchangeably. The findings of this study should be replicated with varied groups and&nbsp;use sample selection with&nbsp;greater generalizability so that parameters for populations can be determined.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:37:26Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:37:26Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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