2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148121
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Music for Pain Following Gynecological Surgery in Korea
Abstract:
Music for Pain Following Gynecological Surgery in Korea
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Ahn, Sukhee, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Pusan National University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Marion Good, PhD, RN
The purpose was to test effects of music on pain following gynecological surgery and to explore preferences and differences in effect between Korean vs American music in postoperative women in Korea. The 73 women were randomly assigned; 34 (47%) to the music group and 39 (53%) to the control group. Those receiving sedative music were given a choice of 2 types of Korean music (ballads or religious) and 3 types of American music (piano, orchestra, or pop song). Pain control methods were according to physician order: Patient Controlled Epidural Analgesia (PCEA) (59%) or intravenous/intramuscular (IV/IM) (41%) which did not result in significantly different posttest pain. The majority of those in the music group chose the Korean selections (n=20, 59%), and the remainder chose the American music. With an experimental pretest-posttest design, chosen music was heard during 20 minutes of rest on postoperative days 1 and 2, am and pm. The control group rested for 20 minutes. Pain was measured with Visual Analogue Sensation and Distress of Pain Scales. Analysis of Covariance while controlling for pretest pain scores, showed significantly less posttest pain sensation in the music group on day 1 am and less sensation and distress on day 1 pm. Korean and American music resulted in 9% to 24% less postoperative pain than analgesic medication alone. There was no difference in posttest pain in the music group between those who chose Korean or American music; both types were effective. If Korean music had not been offered, the majority would have been treated with a less-than-preferred type of music. However, American music was effective for Koreans who chose it. The findings suggest that sedative qualities and familiarity with the type of music may be important factors.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMusic for Pain Following Gynecological Surgery in Koreaen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148121-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Music for Pain Following Gynecological Surgery in Korea</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Ahn, Sukhee, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Pusan National University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sukheeahn@pusan.ac.kr</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marion Good, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose was to test effects of music on pain following gynecological surgery and to explore preferences and differences in effect between Korean vs American music in postoperative women in Korea. The 73 women were randomly assigned; 34 (47%) to the music group and 39 (53%) to the control group. Those receiving sedative music were given a choice of 2 types of Korean music (ballads or religious) and 3 types of American music (piano, orchestra, or pop song). Pain control methods were according to physician order: Patient Controlled Epidural Analgesia (PCEA) (59%) or intravenous/intramuscular (IV/IM) (41%) which did not result in significantly different posttest pain. The majority of those in the music group chose the Korean selections (n=20, 59%), and the remainder chose the American music. With an experimental pretest-posttest design, chosen music was heard during 20 minutes of rest on postoperative days 1 and 2, am and pm. The control group rested for 20 minutes. Pain was measured with Visual Analogue Sensation and Distress of Pain Scales. Analysis of Covariance while controlling for pretest pain scores, showed significantly less posttest pain sensation in the music group on day 1 am and less sensation and distress on day 1 pm. Korean and American music resulted in 9% to 24% less postoperative pain than analgesic medication alone. There was no difference in posttest pain in the music group between those who chose Korean or American music; both types were effective. If Korean music had not been offered, the majority would have been treated with a less-than-preferred type of music. However, American music was effective for Koreans who chose it. The findings suggest that sedative qualities and familiarity with the type of music may be important factors.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:40:40Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:40:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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