Correlates of Epidemic Loss: Coping, Symptoms, and Sexual Risk Behaviors

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148293
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Correlates of Epidemic Loss: Coping, Symptoms, and Sexual Risk Behaviors
Abstract:
Correlates of Epidemic Loss: Coping, Symptoms, and Sexual Risk Behaviors
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Mallison, R.
P.I. Institution Name:Virginia Commonwealth University
Objectives: To quantify the type and number of AIDS-related deaths, categories of coping behaviors, levels of traumatic stress, and levels of sexual risk behaviors among HIV negative gay males; and describe the associations among aspects of AIDS-related multiple deaths (numbers of deaths and relationships with the deceased) and coping behaviors, traumatic stress symptoms, and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of HIV negative gay males. Design: These data describe the quantitative phase of a larger study with a quant—QUAL design in which a mail survey was sent to a sample of HIV negative gay men to quantify the number and type of AIDS-related deaths [and non-AIDS deaths] they have experienced. The survey also collected data on demographic, coping strategies, symptoms of traumatic stress, and sexual risk behaviors. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the sample and their scores on the survey instruments. Correlational analyses were conducted to identify associations between variables. Subsequently, the survey data were used to facilitate theoretical sampling for in-depth qualitative interviews to construct a substantive theory of how these men cope with the AIDS-related losses. This presentation reports on the dataset from the mail survey. Sample: The local site of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) provided a mailing list of 580 HIV negative gay men for mailing of the survey packet. The respondents (n=216) represent a 37% return rate and were relatively well educated, employed, and predominantly Caucasian gay and bisexual men. Setting: the respondents were community-dwelling HIV negative gay and bisexual men. Variables: Variables included the number and types of AIDS-related deaths, coping strategies, traumatic stress symptoms, and sexual risk [HIV] behaviors. Instruments: Demographics from, Jalowiec Coping Scale, Trauma Symptoms Inventory, and two forms created for the study to quantify AIDS deaths and sexual risk behaviors. Findings: A total of 216 surveys were returned (37% return rate). Descriptive statistics will describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents, the number and type of the AIDS-related deaths. The respondents reported experiencing high numbers of AIDS deaths (mdn of 19) and significantly elevated traumatic stress scores. Significant correlations were noted between relationship categories and traumatic stress symptoms, between relationship categories and sexual risk behaviors, and between symptoms and sexual risk behaviors. Conclusions: HIV negative gay and bisexual men have experienced an unprecedented number of deaths in their social networks to AIDS and demonstrate high levels of traumatic stress symptoms and sexual risk behaviors. Implications: Implications for HIV bereavement and prevention programs and nursing research are offered.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCorrelates of Epidemic Loss: Coping, Symptoms, and Sexual Risk Behaviorsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148293-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Correlates of Epidemic Loss: Coping, Symptoms, and Sexual Risk Behaviors</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Mallison, R.</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Virginia Commonwealth University</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kmallinson@aol.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives: To quantify the type and number of AIDS-related deaths, categories of coping behaviors, levels of traumatic stress, and levels of sexual risk behaviors among HIV negative gay males; and describe the associations among aspects of AIDS-related multiple deaths (numbers of deaths and relationships with the deceased) and coping behaviors, traumatic stress symptoms, and sexual risk behaviors in a sample of HIV negative gay males. Design: These data describe the quantitative phase of a larger study with a quant&mdash;QUAL design in which a mail survey was sent to a sample of HIV negative gay men to quantify the number and type of AIDS-related deaths [and non-AIDS deaths] they have experienced. The survey also collected data on demographic, coping strategies, symptoms of traumatic stress, and sexual risk behaviors. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the sample and their scores on the survey instruments. Correlational analyses were conducted to identify associations between variables. Subsequently, the survey data were used to facilitate theoretical sampling for in-depth qualitative interviews to construct a substantive theory of how these men cope with the AIDS-related losses. This presentation reports on the dataset from the mail survey. Sample: The local site of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) provided a mailing list of 580 HIV negative gay men for mailing of the survey packet. The respondents (n=216) represent a 37% return rate and were relatively well educated, employed, and predominantly Caucasian gay and bisexual men. Setting: the respondents were community-dwelling HIV negative gay and bisexual men. Variables: Variables included the number and types of AIDS-related deaths, coping strategies, traumatic stress symptoms, and sexual risk [HIV] behaviors. Instruments: Demographics from, Jalowiec Coping Scale, Trauma Symptoms Inventory, and two forms created for the study to quantify AIDS deaths and sexual risk behaviors. Findings: A total of 216 surveys were returned (37% return rate). Descriptive statistics will describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents, the number and type of the AIDS-related deaths. The respondents reported experiencing high numbers of AIDS deaths (mdn of 19) and significantly elevated traumatic stress scores. Significant correlations were noted between relationship categories and traumatic stress symptoms, between relationship categories and sexual risk behaviors, and between symptoms and sexual risk behaviors. Conclusions: HIV negative gay and bisexual men have experienced an unprecedented number of deaths in their social networks to AIDS and demonstrate high levels of traumatic stress symptoms and sexual risk behaviors. Implications: Implications for HIV bereavement and prevention programs and nursing research are offered.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:43:03Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:43:03Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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