Relationship between the intention of repeating a Pap Smear test and affective responses of women who had a previous Pap Smear test

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148300
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Relationship between the intention of repeating a Pap Smear test and affective responses of women who had a previous Pap Smear test
Abstract:
Relationship between the intention of repeating a Pap Smear test and affective responses of women who had a previous Pap Smear test
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Park, So
P.I. Institution Name:Yonsei University
Title:Instructor
Objectives: The main purposes of this study were to identify 1) affective responses of women before, during, and after the Pap smear test. 2) the relationship between the affective responses and the intention of repeating the Pap smear test in the future. Design: It is a descriptive study using a survey method. Sample & Setting: Sample was recruited from an outpatient women’s clinic in a university affiliated medical center, one community health center, and an apartment complex in Seoul. Five hundred and fifteen married women who had a previous Pap smear and do not have any cervical cancer agreed to participate in the study. Name of Variables: Dependent Variable: Intention to comply with routine Pap Smear / Independent Variable: Affective response / Control Variables: Education, Age, Income, Occupation, Number of Pregnancy, Number of live children, History of OB/.Gyn problems. Instruments: Affective responses were measured with the instrument developed by Park (1999). The Cronbach’s alpha score of the measurement was .8990. Intention was measured with a single question stating, “ Do you have any intention to repeat the Pap smear test in the future?” Findings: 1. The average age of the women in the study was 43.9 and close to 80% had 12 years or more education. 2. Slightly over half (55.3%) of the women stated that they will repeat the test in the future. 3. The average score of affective response was highest after the test than before or during the test. 4. The affective score after the test was significantly higher among the women who stated that they will repeat the test (t=3.014, p<.005). However there were differences in Characteristics of affective responses after the test and after receiving the test result. Women who reported to have an intention to repeat the Pap Smear showed significantly higher negative affective responses after the test but they showed significantly higher positive affective responses after receiving the test result than the women who stated that they do not repeat the test. Conclusions: Both groups of women showed the above average score of affective responses toward the Pap smear test. And, there was a significant relationship between intention of complying with the future test and affective responses after the test. This result may suggest that Women with the intention to repeat the Pap Smear are more concerned with the result of Pap Smear. They were more anxious while waiting for the result and more relieved after finding the test result than the women who stated that they do not repeat the test. Implications: It is necessary to develop strategies to reduce the negative affective responses during the Pap smear test to increase the compliance to the routine Pap smear test among Korean women.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRelationship between the intention of repeating a Pap Smear test and affective responses of women who had a previous Pap Smear testen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148300-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Relationship between the intention of repeating a Pap Smear test and affective responses of women who had a previous Pap Smear test</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Park, So</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Yonsei University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">somi@wonju.yonsei.ac.kr</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives: The main purposes of this study were to identify 1) affective responses of women before, during, and after the Pap smear test. 2) the relationship between the affective responses and the intention of repeating the Pap smear test in the future. Design: It is a descriptive study using a survey method. Sample &amp; Setting: Sample was recruited from an outpatient women&rsquo;s clinic in a university affiliated medical center, one community health center, and an apartment complex in Seoul. Five hundred and fifteen married women who had a previous Pap smear and do not have any cervical cancer agreed to participate in the study. Name of Variables: Dependent Variable: Intention to comply with routine Pap Smear / Independent Variable: Affective response / Control Variables: Education, Age, Income, Occupation, Number of Pregnancy, Number of live children, History of OB/.Gyn problems. Instruments: Affective responses were measured with the instrument developed by Park (1999). The Cronbach&rsquo;s alpha score of the measurement was .8990. Intention was measured with a single question stating, &ldquo; Do you have any intention to repeat the Pap smear test in the future?&rdquo; Findings: 1. The average age of the women in the study was 43.9 and close to 80% had 12 years or more education. 2. Slightly over half (55.3%) of the women stated that they will repeat the test in the future. 3. The average score of affective response was highest after the test than before or during the test. 4. The affective score after the test was significantly higher among the women who stated that they will repeat the test (t=3.014, p&lt;.005). However there were differences in Characteristics of affective responses after the test and after receiving the test result. Women who reported to have an intention to repeat the Pap Smear showed significantly higher negative affective responses after the test but they showed significantly higher positive affective responses after receiving the test result than the women who stated that they do not repeat the test. Conclusions: Both groups of women showed the above average score of affective responses toward the Pap smear test. And, there was a significant relationship between intention of complying with the future test and affective responses after the test. This result may suggest that Women with the intention to repeat the Pap Smear are more concerned with the result of Pap Smear. They were more anxious while waiting for the result and more relieved after finding the test result than the women who stated that they do not repeat the test. Implications: It is necessary to develop strategies to reduce the negative affective responses during the Pap smear test to increase the compliance to the routine Pap smear test among Korean women.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:43:10Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:43:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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