Mothers’ Perceptions of the Health Hazards of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Inner-City Children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148309
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Mothers’ Perceptions of the Health Hazards of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Inner-City Children
Abstract:
Mothers’ Perceptions of the Health Hazards of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Inner-City Children
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Jones, Frances
P.I. Institution Name:Indiana University
Background: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) causes significant health problems in children, such as upper respiratory infections, asthma and sudden infant death syndrome, and leads to as many as 3500 infant deaths each year in the United States. Approximately 53-77% of all children in the US are exposed to ETS in the home by at least one adult smoker. Winkelstein and colleagues noted that when parents are made aware of the effects caused by ETS, they modify their smoking behavior in some way. Purpose: Many low income women are not aware of the hazards ETS poses to their children or may be skeptical of media reports of the dangers of second-hand smoke. The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of inner-city mothers concerning the health threats for their children exposed to ETS. Study design and methods: The setting for data collection was an inner-city housing project in Indianapolis. The sample consisted of 24 women residents. Twenty-one (88%) of the participants were smokers. The majority (92%) had children living in the home. Focus group methodology was used to identify salient beliefs of inner-city mothers about the health threats on children exposed to ETS. Focus group sessions included 8-10 participants and were conducted in the community room of the apartment complex. The principal investigator served as moderator, using an interview schedule to guide discussion. The co-investigator recorded non-verbal information throughout the sessions. Data analysis: The focus group sessions were audio taped and transcribed for data analysis. Content analysis procedures of the transcripts of the focus group sessions is ongoing. Transcripts will be reviewed by the investigators and a coding scheme for categorizing common topics expressed in the interviews will be developed. Each transcript will be coded and emergent themes within and across groups will be identified using winMaxÒ software for qualitative data analysis. Conclusions: The results of this study will be used as a basis for designing and testing an instrument to measure attitudes toward ETS exposure on children. In the future, this instrument will be used as an outcome measure for an interventional study to increase women’s awareness of the hazards of ETS in children.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMothers’ Perceptions of the Health Hazards of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Inner-City Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148309-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Mothers&rsquo; Perceptions of the Health Hazards of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Inner-City Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jones, Frances</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Indiana University</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">fkamieni@iupui.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) causes significant health problems in children, such as upper respiratory infections, asthma and sudden infant death syndrome, and leads to as many as 3500 infant deaths each year in the United States. Approximately 53-77% of all children in the US are exposed to ETS in the home by at least one adult smoker. Winkelstein and colleagues noted that when parents are made aware of the effects caused by ETS, they modify their smoking behavior in some way. Purpose: Many low income women are not aware of the hazards ETS poses to their children or may be skeptical of media reports of the dangers of second-hand smoke. The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptions of inner-city mothers concerning the health threats for their children exposed to ETS. Study design and methods: The setting for data collection was an inner-city housing project in Indianapolis. The sample consisted of 24 women residents. Twenty-one (88%) of the participants were smokers. The majority (92%) had children living in the home. Focus group methodology was used to identify salient beliefs of inner-city mothers about the health threats on children exposed to ETS. Focus group sessions included 8-10 participants and were conducted in the community room of the apartment complex. The principal investigator served as moderator, using an interview schedule to guide discussion. The co-investigator recorded non-verbal information throughout the sessions. Data analysis: The focus group sessions were audio taped and transcribed for data analysis. Content analysis procedures of the transcripts of the focus group sessions is ongoing. Transcripts will be reviewed by the investigators and a coding scheme for categorizing common topics expressed in the interviews will be developed. Each transcript will be coded and emergent themes within and across groups will be identified using winMax&Ograve; software for qualitative data analysis. Conclusions: The results of this study will be used as a basis for designing and testing an instrument to measure attitudes toward ETS exposure on children. In the future, this instrument will be used as an outcome measure for an interventional study to increase women&rsquo;s awareness of the hazards of ETS in children.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:43:18Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:43:18Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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