2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148397
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Cardiovascular Risk in Preschool Children
Abstract:
Cardiovascular Risk in Preschool Children
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Author:Barton, Amy J., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Title:assistant professor
Co-Authors:Lynn Gilbert, PhD, CPNP; Julaluk Baramee, PhD
Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify cardiovascular risk factors in low-income preschool children. Design: Descriptive. Population, Sample, Setting: 205 low-income preschool children, aged 3-5 years, were recruited at faculty practice, Head Start, and Child Find facilities. Concept and Variables Studied Together: The concept of interest was early identification of cardiovascular risks. Variables studied were: family history of cardiovascular disease, percent calories from fat, hours of inactivity, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, cholesterol level, blood pressure, and body mass index. Methods: Parents completed a multi-generational cardiovascular health history and a 24-hour parent/child dietary recall. Physical assessment data were obtained from the child during the health exam. Findings: Of the 205 children, 61% reported ethnicity as Latino/Hispanic, 31.7% non-Hispanic white, 1.0 % non-Hispanic black, 3.9% Asian and 2.4% mixed race. The number of males (50.8%) and females (49.3%) was similar. Only 18 children (8.8%) showed no cardiovascular risk factors. At least one modifiable risk factor was present in 185 (90.2 %) children. There were 52 (25.4%) children with a BMI over the 85th percentile; 44 (21.5%) children with a systolic or diastolic blood pressure over the 90th percentile for gender, age and height; 110 (53.7%) children with a dietary fat intake of >30%; 77 (37.6%) children who watched TV or played video games more than 2 hours per day; and 48 (23.4%) children were exposed to passive tobacco smoke. Conclusions: The presence of cardiovascular risk factors in almost 90% of healthy preschoolers has important implications for the delivery of well-child care to vulnerable populations. It provides evidence to support testing of interventions to effect change in health behaviors and status. Implications: Study findings suggest abundant opportunity for early intervention in an attempt to reduce health disparities nationally and globally.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCardiovascular Risk in Preschool Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148397-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Cardiovascular Risk in Preschool Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Barton, Amy J., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Colorado Health Sciences Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">assistant professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">amy.barton@uchsc.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Lynn Gilbert, PhD, CPNP; Julaluk Baramee, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify cardiovascular risk factors in low-income preschool children. Design: Descriptive. Population, Sample, Setting: 205 low-income preschool children, aged 3-5 years, were recruited at faculty practice, Head Start, and Child Find facilities. Concept and Variables Studied Together: The concept of interest was early identification of cardiovascular risks. Variables studied were: family history of cardiovascular disease, percent calories from fat, hours of inactivity, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, cholesterol level, blood pressure, and body mass index. Methods: Parents completed a multi-generational cardiovascular health history and a 24-hour parent/child dietary recall. Physical assessment data were obtained from the child during the health exam. Findings: Of the 205 children, 61% reported ethnicity as Latino/Hispanic, 31.7% non-Hispanic white, 1.0 % non-Hispanic black, 3.9% Asian and 2.4% mixed race. The number of males (50.8%) and females (49.3%) was similar. Only 18 children (8.8%) showed no cardiovascular risk factors. At least one modifiable risk factor was present in 185 (90.2 %) children. There were 52 (25.4%) children with a BMI over the 85th percentile; 44 (21.5%) children with a systolic or diastolic blood pressure over the 90th percentile for gender, age and height; 110 (53.7%) children with a dietary fat intake of &gt;30%; 77 (37.6%) children who watched TV or played video games more than 2 hours per day; and 48 (23.4%) children were exposed to passive tobacco smoke. Conclusions: The presence of cardiovascular risk factors in almost 90% of healthy preschoolers has important implications for the delivery of well-child care to vulnerable populations. It provides evidence to support testing of interventions to effect change in health behaviors and status. Implications: Study findings suggest abundant opportunity for early intervention in an attempt to reduce health disparities nationally and globally.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:44:33Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:44:33Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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