Conduct Problems Among Children Living in Orphanage Facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: Comparison of Children in an SOS Village with Children in Conventional-Orphanages

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148409
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Conduct Problems Among Children Living in Orphanage Facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: Comparison of Children in an SOS Village with Children in Conventional-Orphanages
Abstract:
Conduct Problems Among Children Living in Orphanage Facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: Comparison of Children in an SOS Village with Children in Conventional-Orphanages
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Lassi, Zohra, MSc, Epi, &, Bio, MHM, BScN
P.I. Institution Name:Aga Khan University
Title:Research Supervisor
Co-Authors:Sadia Mahmud, PhD, MS; Naveed Janjua, MSc, MBBS; Ehsanullah Syed, MD, MBBS
[Scientific Session Presentation] Background: Psychologists have long believed that growing up in an institution like an orphanage limits child?s mental development and increases conduct problems. This study aims to compare the Conduct problems of children living in an SOS village with those living in conventional-orphanages.Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 children of 4 ? 16 years of age from an SOS village and other conventional-orphanages in Karachi. Results: The study estimated the prevalence of conduct problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi as 50%. The prevalence among SOS village children was 51.6% and that among conventional-orphanage was 49%. The factors independently associated were foster-mother depression (ORadj = 4.48, 95% CI: 2.22 ? 9.03), and malnourishment (ORadj = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.25 ? 2.92), while every one year increase in length of stay at the facility had a protective effect on conduct problems (ORadj = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.77 ? 0.98). There was a significant interaction between facility and gender with regards to conduct problems. There was no difference in the conduct problems of male children in two facilities (ORadj = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.15 ? 1.24), however female children in conventional orphanage were at much higher risk as compared to female in SOS village. (ORadj = 6.98, 95% CI: 2.44 ? 19.93). Moreover, there was significant interaction between gender and parental living status. There was no difference in the conduct problems of male children with regard to their parental living status (ORadj = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.69 ? 1.45), however females had a protective effect against conduct problems when they had no parent alive. (ORadj = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.09 ? 0.67).Conclusion: There is a felt need that proper and timely screening coupled with routine monitoring and evaluation can lead to alleviating these risk factors. Efforts are required to promote such programs in Pakistan.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleConduct Problems Among Children Living in Orphanage Facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: Comparison of Children in an SOS Village with Children in Conventional-Orphanagesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148409-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Conduct Problems Among Children Living in Orphanage Facilities in Karachi, Pakistan: Comparison of Children in an SOS Village with Children in Conventional-Orphanages</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lassi, Zohra, MSc, Epi, &amp;, Bio, MHM, BScN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Aga Khan University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Research Supervisor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">zohra.lassi@aku.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Sadia Mahmud, PhD, MS; Naveed Janjua, MSc, MBBS; Ehsanullah Syed, MD, MBBS</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Scientific Session Presentation] Background: Psychologists have long believed that growing up in an institution like an orphanage limits child?s mental development and increases conduct problems. This study aims to compare the Conduct problems of children living in an SOS village with those living in conventional-orphanages.Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 children of 4 ? 16 years of age from an SOS village and other conventional-orphanages in Karachi. Results: The study estimated the prevalence of conduct problems among children living in orphanage facilities of Karachi as 50%. The prevalence among SOS village children was 51.6% and that among conventional-orphanage was 49%. The factors independently associated were foster-mother depression (ORadj = 4.48, 95% CI: 2.22 ? 9.03), and malnourishment (ORadj = 1.91, 95% CI: 1.25 ? 2.92), while every one year increase in length of stay at the facility had a protective effect on conduct problems (ORadj = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.77 ? 0.98). There was a significant interaction between facility and gender with regards to conduct problems. There was no difference in the conduct problems of male children in two facilities (ORadj = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.15 ? 1.24), however female children in conventional orphanage were at much higher risk as compared to female in SOS village. (ORadj = 6.98, 95% CI: 2.44 ? 19.93). Moreover, there was significant interaction between gender and parental living status. There was no difference in the conduct problems of male children with regard to their parental living status (ORadj = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.69 ? 1.45), however females had a protective effect against conduct problems when they had no parent alive. (ORadj = 0.25, 95% CI: 0.09 ? 0.67).Conclusion: There is a felt need that proper and timely screening coupled with routine monitoring and evaluation can lead to alleviating these risk factors. Efforts are required to promote such programs in Pakistan.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:44:44Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:44:44Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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