Effects of Mothers' Employment on Toddlers' Cognitive Developmet: A Study Conducted in Karachi, Pakistan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148426
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Effects of Mothers' Employment on Toddlers' Cognitive Developmet: A Study Conducted in Karachi, Pakistan
Abstract:
Effects of Mothers' Employment on Toddlers' Cognitive Developmet: A Study Conducted in Karachi, Pakistan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Meherali, Salima Moez, BScN, MScN
P.I. Institution Name:The Aga Khan University
Title:Senoir Instructor
[Scientific Session Presentation] IntroductionFrom the past several decades an increasing number of women with young children are joining the workforce, which is one of the largest social changes in the last half of the 20th century. Nowadays, more children are being raised in households where mothers work for pay as compared to children a generation ago, when most mothers did not engage in marketplace work. This change in the young children rearing approach has prompted concerns for the parents as to, whether maternal employment poses any risks to healthy child cognitive development, since the first five years of life are considered crucial for brain development as well as for children?s cognitive and socio-emotional development. Methodology                           The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the mental development of toddlers?, aged 24-36 months, of working and non-working mothers, in Karachi, Pakistan. To measure the mental development of toddlers, the Bayley mental scale was used which has been extensively used worldwide to assess the development of infants from age one to 42 months of age. Data was analyzed using the chi-square statistics. Results            The overall analysis of the pilot study suggests that there is no association of maternal employment and non-employment status with the toddlers? cognitive development. But the study found some differences by demographic characteristics in the subgroups, which suggests that some children are more vulnerable, irrespective of whether their mothers are working or not. Those children particularly suffer significant negative effects, which are associated with other risk factors, when their mothers work, like poverty, poor quality child care, living in an extended family system, less sensitive parental care because of parent?s minimal education level etc. Conclusion The study results have some important policy implications which include development of high quality child care facilities especially for poor. There is a need for policies that would focus mainly on maternity leaves, women?s working hours and monitor their working condition. Family friendly policies should be developed at work places that make it easier for mothers to combine work and family responsibilities.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEffects of Mothers' Employment on Toddlers' Cognitive Developmet: A Study Conducted in Karachi, Pakistanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148426-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Effects of Mothers' Employment on Toddlers' Cognitive Developmet:&nbsp;A Study Conducted in Karachi, Pakistan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Meherali, Salima Moez, BScN, MScN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The Aga Khan University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Senoir Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">salima.moez@aku.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Scientific Session Presentation] IntroductionFrom the past several decades an increasing number of women with young children are joining the workforce, which is one of the largest social changes in the last half of the 20th century. Nowadays, more children are being raised in households where mothers work for pay as compared to children a generation ago, when most mothers did not engage in marketplace work. This change in the young children rearing approach has prompted concerns for the parents as to, whether maternal employment poses any risks to healthy child cognitive development, since the first five years of life are considered crucial for brain development as well as for children?s cognitive and socio-emotional development. Methodology&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the mental development of toddlers?, aged 24-36 months, of working and non-working mothers, in Karachi, Pakistan. To measure the mental development of toddlers, the Bayley mental scale was used which has been extensively used worldwide to assess the development of infants from age one to 42 months of age. Data was analyzed using the chi-square statistics. Results&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The overall analysis of the pilot study suggests that there is no association of maternal employment and non-employment status with the toddlers? cognitive development. But the study found some differences by demographic characteristics in the subgroups, which suggests that some children are more vulnerable, irrespective of whether their mothers are working or not. Those children particularly suffer significant negative effects, which are associated with other risk factors, when their mothers work, like poverty, poor quality child care, living in an extended family system, less sensitive parental care because of parent?s minimal education level etc. Conclusion The study results have some important policy implications which include development of high quality child care facilities especially for poor. There is a need for policies that would focus mainly on maternity leaves, women?s working hours and monitor their working condition. Family friendly policies should be developed at work places that make it easier for mothers to combine work and family responsibilities.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:44:58Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:44:58Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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