Comparison of WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 in Patients with HIV Infection

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148491
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Comparison of WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 in Patients with HIV Infection
Abstract:
Comparison of WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 in Patients with HIV Infection
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Author:Hsiung, Ping-Chuan, RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:National Taiwan University
Title:assistant professor
Co-Authors:Chi-Tai Fang, MD; Yu-Yin Chang, MS; Mao-Yen Chen, MD; Jung-Der Wang, MD, PhD
Objective: This study’s aim was to compare the reliability and validity of two quality of life instruments -- the WHOQOL-BREF and the SF-36 -- in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Design: Prospective cohort study in outpatient clinics. Methods: The WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 were used to assess 206 HIV-infected patients. Self-perceived health status and happiness, number and intensity of HIV-related symptoms, CD4 counts, and the presence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were used to evaluate the validity of both questionnaires. Results: The internal consistency ranged from 0.75 to 0.86 across domains of the WHOQOL-BREF, and from 0.69 to 0.90 across profiles of the SF-36. There were strong correlations between the scores of the WHOQOL physical domain and SF-36 vitality (r = 0.70), and between the scores of the WHOQOL psychological domain and SF-36 mental health (r = 0.76). The scores of all WHOQOL-BREF domains and SF-36 profiles correlated positively with self-perceived health status (r range: 0.47 ~ 0.63 and 0.43 ~ 0.75, respectively) and happiness (r range: 0.66 ~ 0.77 and 0.32 ~ 0.72), and correlated negatively with the number (r range: -0.43 ~ -0.58 and -0.48 ~ -0.61) and intensity of symptoms (r range: -0.46 ~ -0.62 and -0.45 ~ -0.62). The scores for SF-36 vitality and social functioning discriminated between patients with or without AIDS (both p < 0.05). The scores of WHOQOL-G4 and SF-36 role/physical, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning and role/emotional discriminated between patients with different levels of CD4 counts (all p < 0.05). Conclusions: Both the WHOQOL-BREF and the SF-36 were useful quality-of-life instruments in patients with HIV infection.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleComparison of WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 in Patients with HIV Infectionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148491-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Comparison of WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 in Patients with HIV Infection</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hsiung, Ping-Chuan, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">National Taiwan University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">assistant professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">hsiung@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Chi-Tai Fang, MD; Yu-Yin Chang, MS; Mao-Yen Chen, MD; Jung-Der Wang, MD, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: This study&rsquo;s aim was to compare the reliability and validity of two quality of life instruments -- the WHOQOL-BREF and the SF-36 -- in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Design: Prospective cohort study in outpatient clinics. Methods: The WHOQOL-BREF and SF-36 were used to assess 206 HIV-infected patients. Self-perceived health status and happiness, number and intensity of HIV-related symptoms, CD4 counts, and the presence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were used to evaluate the validity of both questionnaires. Results: The internal consistency ranged from 0.75 to 0.86 across domains of the WHOQOL-BREF, and from 0.69 to 0.90 across profiles of the SF-36. There were strong correlations between the scores of the WHOQOL physical domain and SF-36 vitality (r = 0.70), and between the scores of the WHOQOL psychological domain and SF-36 mental health (r = 0.76). The scores of all WHOQOL-BREF domains and SF-36 profiles correlated positively with self-perceived health status (r range: 0.47 ~ 0.63 and 0.43 ~ 0.75, respectively) and happiness (r range: 0.66 ~ 0.77 and 0.32 ~ 0.72), and correlated negatively with the number (r range: -0.43 ~ -0.58 and -0.48 ~ -0.61) and intensity of symptoms (r range: -0.46 ~ -0.62 and -0.45 ~ -0.62). The scores for SF-36 vitality and social functioning discriminated between patients with or without AIDS (both p &lt; 0.05). The scores of WHOQOL-G4 and SF-36 role/physical, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning and role/emotional discriminated between patients with different levels of CD4 counts (all p &lt; 0.05). Conclusions: Both the WHOQOL-BREF and the SF-36 were useful quality-of-life instruments in patients with HIV infection.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:45:57Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:45:57Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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