Correlates of Physiologic Status and Functional Performance in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148812
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Correlates of Physiologic Status and Functional Performance in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Abstract:
Correlates of Physiologic Status and Functional Performance in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Wall, Mary Patricia, PhD, RN, BC
P.I. Institution Name:University of Maryland School of Nursing
Purpose: These secondary analyses examine the relationships between demographic and patient variables, physiologic status, and functional performance in community-dwelling people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The original study examined predictors of functional performance in this population. Method: The sample was recruited from a suburban pulmonary medicine practice (n = 119, 68.17 ± 8.48 years, 53.8% male, 99% Caucasian). FEV1 percent predicted was used as the measure of severity of pulmonary disease. The Comorbidity Questionnaire was used to measure concomitant chronic health problems. The Functional Performance Inventory-Short Form (FPI-SF) measured functional performance. The demographic and patient variables examined were overall health, home oxygen use, smoking history, age, gender, ethnicity and race, marital status, education, and employment. Findings: FEV1 percent predicted was correlated to poorer overall health and home oxygen use (Kendall's tau-b = .159 and -.310, respectively), and to marital status (r = .255). Comorbidity was significantly correlated to poorer overall health (Kendall's tau-b = -.211), male gender (r = -.264), and marital status (r = .209). Functional performance was correlated to poorer overall health, use of home oxygen, smoking history, and education (Kendall's tau-b = .387, -.395, -.155, and .208, respectively), and to age and marital status (r = -.234 and -.211, respectively). Race, ethnicity, and employment were unrelated to the measures of physiologic status and functional performance. All correlations presented were significant at p Conclusions: The relationships between home oxygen use, severity of pulmonary illness, and functional performance are not unexpected. Decreasing functional performance is common in the aging population. Although the self-report measure of overall health was significantly correlated to severity of pulmonary illness, comorbidity, and functional performance, it is not recommended as a proxy measure for any of the three variables. Being unmarried was correlated to greater comorbidity and worse functional performance.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCorrelates of Physiologic Status and Functional Performance in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseaseen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148812-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Correlates of Physiologic Status and Functional Performance in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wall, Mary Patricia, PhD, RN, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Maryland School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mwall@umaryland.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Purpose: These secondary analyses examine the relationships between demographic and patient variables, physiologic status, and functional performance in community-dwelling people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The original study examined predictors of functional performance in this population. Method: The sample was recruited from a suburban pulmonary medicine practice (n = 119, 68.17 &plusmn; 8.48 years, 53.8% male, 99% Caucasian). FEV1 percent predicted was used as the measure of severity of pulmonary disease. The Comorbidity Questionnaire was used to measure concomitant chronic health problems. The Functional Performance Inventory-Short Form (FPI-SF) measured functional performance. The demographic and patient variables examined were overall health, home oxygen use, smoking history, age, gender, ethnicity and race, marital status, education, and employment. Findings: FEV1 percent predicted was correlated to poorer overall health and home oxygen use (Kendall's tau-b = .159 and -.310, respectively), and to marital status (r = .255). Comorbidity was significantly correlated to poorer overall health (Kendall's tau-b = -.211), male gender (r = -.264), and marital status (r = .209). Functional performance was correlated to poorer overall health, use of home oxygen, smoking history, and education (Kendall's tau-b = .387, -.395, -.155, and .208, respectively), and to age and marital status (r = -.234 and -.211, respectively). Race, ethnicity, and employment were unrelated to the measures of physiologic status and functional performance. All correlations presented were significant at p Conclusions: The relationships between home oxygen use, severity of pulmonary illness, and functional performance are not unexpected. Decreasing functional performance is common in the aging population. Although the self-report measure of overall health was significantly correlated to severity of pulmonary illness, comorbidity, and functional performance, it is not recommended as a proxy measure for any of the three variables. Being unmarried was correlated to greater comorbidity and worse functional performance.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:51:04Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:51:04Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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