2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/148980
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Correlates of Body Habitus Changes in Persons With HIV/AIDS
Abstract:
Correlates of Body Habitus Changes in Persons With HIV/AIDS
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Kirksey, Kenn M., RN, PhD, APRN, BC
P.I. Institution Name:Harris County Hospital District
Title:Director of Nursing Research & Clinical Outcomes
Co-Authors:Margaret E. Mueller, RN, MSN, CNS; Inge B. Corless, RN, PhD, FAAN; Patrice Kenneally Nicholas, RN, DNSc, MPH, ANP; William Holzemer, RN, PhD, FAAN; Jeanne Kemppainen, RN, PhD, CNS; Kathleen Nokes, RN, PhD, FAAN; Mary Jane Hamilton, RNC, PhD; Lucille Sanze
Background/Purpose: Life expectancies in HIV-infected persons have improved with the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART). While defined as a chronic illness, there has been an exacerbation in medication-related symptoms. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among body fat changes (one of the most pervasive symptoms) and select predictor variables. Theoretical Framework: The Diefenbach and Leventhal Self-Regulation Model of Illness Representation was the guiding framework for establishing relationships among person, illness representation, self-care and outcomes appraisal. Design/Methods: A descriptive, correlational design was used to collect data from 1,217 subjects in the United States, Colombia, Norway, Puerto Rico, and Taiwan. This research was conducted under the auspices of the UCSF International HIV/AIDS Nursing Research Network. Participants were asked to complete a Sociodemographic Data Form, AACTG Body Change and Distress Scale, and the Revised Sign and Symptom Check List for Persons with HIV Disease. Findings/Conclusions: The sample (n=1,217) consisted of approximately 68% (n=821) males, and 57.9% (n=777) African-American/Blacks or Hispanic/Latinos. More than 2/3 (n=923, 75.8%) reported ?barely adequate? or ?totally inadequate? income, and 65% (n=785) did not work for pay. Nearly 41% (n=493) had AIDS, and 54.3% (n=655) reported co-morbidities. Approximately 70% of the sample experienced lipodystrophy. Positive relationships were noted between age and lipoatrophy (face, r=0.124, p=0.000, n=842; buttocks, r=0.086, p=0.013, n=845; and arms/legs, r=0.161, p=0.000, n=845). There was a negative correlation between gender and neck fat (r=-0.130, p=0.000, n=845) and a positive relationship between ethnicity and arm/leg lipoatrophy (r=0.164, p=0.000, n=856). There were positive correlations between individuals previously taking HAART and fat losses (buttocks, r= 0.098, p=0.004, n=857; arms/legs, r=0.090, p=0.009, n=856), and presently taking HAART and fat gain (belt/waist, r=0.093, p=0.006, n=875). Implication: These findings have the potential to enhance the knowledge base related to lipodystrophy and nursing management strategies in persons with HIV/AIDS.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCorrelates of Body Habitus Changes in Persons With HIV/AIDSen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/148980-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Correlates of Body Habitus Changes in Persons With HIV/AIDS</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kirksey, Kenn M., RN, PhD, APRN, BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Harris County Hospital District</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Director of Nursing Research &amp; Clinical Outcomes</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">kkirksey@csufresno.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Margaret E. Mueller, RN, MSN, CNS; Inge B. Corless, RN, PhD, FAAN; Patrice Kenneally Nicholas, RN, DNSc, MPH, ANP; William Holzemer, RN, PhD, FAAN; Jeanne Kemppainen, RN, PhD, CNS; Kathleen Nokes, RN, PhD, FAAN; Mary Jane Hamilton, RNC, PhD; Lucille Sanze</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background/Purpose: Life expectancies in HIV-infected persons have improved with the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies (HAART). While defined as a chronic illness, there has been an exacerbation in medication-related symptoms. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among body fat changes (one of the most pervasive symptoms) and select predictor variables. Theoretical Framework: The Diefenbach and Leventhal Self-Regulation Model of Illness Representation was the guiding framework for establishing relationships among person, illness representation, self-care and outcomes appraisal. Design/Methods: A descriptive, correlational design was used to collect data from 1,217 subjects in the United States, Colombia, Norway, Puerto Rico, and Taiwan. This research was conducted under the auspices of the UCSF International HIV/AIDS Nursing Research Network. Participants were asked to complete a Sociodemographic Data Form, AACTG Body Change and Distress Scale, and the Revised Sign and Symptom Check List for Persons with HIV Disease. Findings/Conclusions: The sample (n=1,217) consisted of approximately 68% (n=821) males, and 57.9% (n=777) African-American/Blacks or Hispanic/Latinos. More than 2/3 (n=923, 75.8%) reported ?barely adequate? or ?totally inadequate? income, and 65% (n=785) did not work for pay. Nearly 41% (n=493) had AIDS, and 54.3% (n=655) reported co-morbidities. Approximately 70% of the sample experienced lipodystrophy. Positive relationships were noted between age and lipoatrophy (face, r=0.124, p=0.000, n=842; buttocks, r=0.086, p=0.013, n=845; and arms/legs, r=0.161, p=0.000, n=845). There was a negative correlation between gender and neck fat (r=-0.130, p=0.000, n=845) and a positive relationship between ethnicity and arm/leg lipoatrophy (r=0.164, p=0.000, n=856). There were positive correlations between individuals previously taking HAART and fat losses (buttocks, r= 0.098, p=0.004, n=857; arms/legs, r=0.090, p=0.009, n=856), and presently taking HAART and fat gain (belt/waist, r=0.093, p=0.006, n=875). Implication: These findings have the potential to enhance the knowledge base related to lipodystrophy and nursing management strategies in persons with HIV/AIDS.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:53:59Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:53:59Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.