Healthy Hands: A Waterless Sanitizer as an Adjunct to Handwashing in Elementary School Children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149078
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Healthy Hands: A Waterless Sanitizer as an Adjunct to Handwashing in Elementary School Children
Abstract:
Healthy Hands: A Waterless Sanitizer as an Adjunct to Handwashing in Elementary School Children
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Author:Morton, Jennifer, RN, BSN
P.I. Institution Name:Eliot Elementary Schools
Title:School Nurse
Co-Authors:Alyce A. Schultz, RN, PhD
Objective: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of a alcohol gel sanitizer as an adjunct to handwashing with standard handwashing practices for reducing absenteeism due to infectious disease in elementary school students. Design: A crossover design with a control group (regular handwashing), a product group (Alcohol Gel), and two phases, with a one-week “washout” period, was used. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: All students, kindergarten through grade three, were eligible; 253 students participated from November, 2001, through May, 2002. Twenty-two children did not participate due to non-consent; 10 children were removed due to skin problems. Intervention and Outcomes Variable: The intervention was education and use of the alcohol gel. Children in the control group were taught hand hygiene as part of their classroom curriculum. A 45-minute “Germ Unit” incorporating the study protocol was taught prior to starting the alcohol gel. The gel was applied at four scheduled times during the day and by teacher discretion. Dispensers were mounted in product classrooms. “Skin checks” were performed weekly. Absenteeism related to infectious disease was the outcome variable. Methods: Absenteeism was documented as respiratory illness, gastrointestinal illness, non-infectious illness, and non-illness absence. Findings: Forty-two children were never absent due to illness while 103 children were ill regardless of the study group. Sixty-nine children became ill while participating in the regular handwashing group; only 39 children became ill while participating in the gel group. Based on McNemar’s test, use of a waterless sanitizer decreased the odds of being absent by 43%. Conclusions: “Healthy Hands” was shown to decrease school absenteeism due to infectious illness. “Healthy Hands” provides a valid and manageable research model that can be implemented into school nursing practice. Implications: State funding is based on the number of children in attendance. The secondary gain is a potential increase in state funding.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHealthy Hands: A Waterless Sanitizer as an Adjunct to Handwashing in Elementary School Childrenen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149078-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Healthy Hands: A Waterless Sanitizer as an Adjunct to Handwashing in Elementary School Children</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Morton, Jennifer, RN, BSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Eliot Elementary Schools</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">School Nurse</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jmorton@msad35.net</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Alyce A. Schultz, RN, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of a alcohol gel sanitizer as an adjunct to handwashing with standard handwashing practices for reducing absenteeism due to infectious disease in elementary school students. Design: A crossover design with a control group (regular handwashing), a product group (Alcohol Gel), and two phases, with a one-week &ldquo;washout&rdquo; period, was used. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: All students, kindergarten through grade three, were eligible; 253 students participated from November, 2001, through May, 2002. Twenty-two children did not participate due to non-consent; 10 children were removed due to skin problems. Intervention and Outcomes Variable: The intervention was education and use of the alcohol gel. Children in the control group were taught hand hygiene as part of their classroom curriculum. A 45-minute &ldquo;Germ Unit&rdquo; incorporating the study protocol was taught prior to starting the alcohol gel. The gel was applied at four scheduled times during the day and by teacher discretion. Dispensers were mounted in product classrooms. &ldquo;Skin checks&rdquo; were performed weekly. Absenteeism related to infectious disease was the outcome variable. Methods: Absenteeism was documented as respiratory illness, gastrointestinal illness, non-infectious illness, and non-illness absence. Findings: Forty-two children were never absent due to illness while 103 children were ill regardless of the study group. Sixty-nine children became ill while participating in the regular handwashing group; only 39 children became ill while participating in the gel group. Based on McNemar&rsquo;s test, use of a waterless sanitizer decreased the odds of being absent by 43%. Conclusions: &ldquo;Healthy Hands&rdquo; was shown to decrease school absenteeism due to infectious illness. &ldquo;Healthy Hands&rdquo; provides a valid and manageable research model that can be implemented into school nursing practice. Implications: State funding is based on the number of children in attendance. The secondary gain is a potential increase in state funding.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:55:45Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:55:45Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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