Age, Race, Site, and Thermometer Type as Variables Affecting Temperature Measurement in Adults: An International Research Collaboration

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149113
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Age, Race, Site, and Thermometer Type as Variables Affecting Temperature Measurement in Adults: An International Research Collaboration
Abstract:
Age, Race, Site, and Thermometer Type as Variables Affecting Temperature Measurement in Adults: An International Research Collaboration
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Author:Smith, Linda S., MS, DSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:Oregon Health & Science University
Title:Assistant Professor
East German medical device company collaboration: --a personal journey --establishing exciting research agreement strategies With international threats of bioterrorism and infectious diseases such as AIDS, accurate, accessible body temperature measurement becomes an essential internationally-applicable nursing task. Study objectives: to describe relationships among age, race, site as variables affecting temperature measurement in adults 2) to compare temperature sites and differences between/among BD mercury and internationally marketed mercury-free Geratherm Galinstan-in-glass devices Design: A correlational design was used to determine within-subject mean differences across sites and instruments. Descriptive statistics described temperature measures and sample. Population: Hospitalized adults, Rural Oregon Sample: Convenience sample (N=120) Setting: 176-bed JCAHO accredited facility Variables studied/methods: Temperatures (° F) measured at oral, axillary, groin, rectal sites with four each mercury-glass (BD) and Galinstan-glass (Geratherm) thermometers. Findings: For mercury and Galinstan-glass thermometers within-subject temperature assessments were highest rectally, followed by oral, then skin sites. Galinstan readings showed rectal sites 0.91°F higher than oral and 1.3 °F above skin sites. Devices correlated strongly across sites and devices. Difference scores and confidence intervals between devices showed greatest variability at skin and least variability at rectal sites. Culture/race correlated with age and all temperature readings for site/device. Conclusions: Temperatures varied by age and race. Mercury thermometer readings correlated with Galinstan thermometer readings at all sites. Implications: Bioterrorism is a major concern worldwide. In the presence of suspected biological warfare, key diagnostic decisions are made based on body temperature assessments. These assessments must be accurate and readily available under all conditions. Low tech thermometers present the advantage of being portable, storable, lightweight, sterilizable, inexpensive, and intuitive. However, access to mercury thermometers is restricted world-wide. With additional research to replicate findings, mercury-free Galinstan thermometers can be clinically used to monitor body temperature. Variables of age, culture/race need further study.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleAge, Race, Site, and Thermometer Type as Variables Affecting Temperature Measurement in Adults: An International Research Collaborationen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149113-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Age, Race, Site, and Thermometer Type as Variables Affecting Temperature Measurement in Adults: An International Research Collaboration</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Smith, Linda S., MS, DSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Oregon Health &amp; Science University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">smithli@oit.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">East German medical device company collaboration: --a personal journey --establishing exciting research agreement strategies With international threats of bioterrorism and infectious diseases such as AIDS, accurate, accessible body temperature measurement becomes an essential internationally-applicable nursing task. Study objectives: to describe relationships among age, race, site as variables affecting temperature measurement in adults 2) to compare temperature sites and differences between/among BD mercury and internationally marketed mercury-free Geratherm Galinstan-in-glass devices Design: A correlational design was used to determine within-subject mean differences across sites and instruments. Descriptive statistics described temperature measures and sample. Population: Hospitalized adults, Rural Oregon Sample: Convenience sample (N=120) Setting: 176-bed JCAHO accredited facility Variables studied/methods: Temperatures (&deg; F) measured at oral, axillary, groin, rectal sites with four each mercury-glass (BD) and Galinstan-glass (Geratherm) thermometers. Findings: For mercury and Galinstan-glass thermometers within-subject temperature assessments were highest rectally, followed by oral, then skin sites. Galinstan readings showed rectal sites 0.91&deg;F higher than oral and 1.3 &deg;F above skin sites. Devices correlated strongly across sites and devices. Difference scores and confidence intervals between devices showed greatest variability at skin and least variability at rectal sites. Culture/race correlated with age and all temperature readings for site/device. Conclusions: Temperatures varied by age and race. Mercury thermometer readings correlated with Galinstan thermometer readings at all sites. Implications: Bioterrorism is a major concern worldwide. In the presence of suspected biological warfare, key diagnostic decisions are made based on body temperature assessments. These assessments must be accurate and readily available under all conditions. Low tech thermometers present the advantage of being portable, storable, lightweight, sterilizable, inexpensive, and intuitive. However, access to mercury thermometers is restricted world-wide. With additional research to replicate findings, mercury-free Galinstan thermometers can be clinically used to monitor body temperature. Variables of age, culture/race need further study.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:56:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:56:23Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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