Workplace Empowerment as a Predictor of Nurse Burnout in Restructured Health Care Settings

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149119
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Workplace Empowerment as a Predictor of Nurse Burnout in Restructured Health Care Settings
Abstract:
Workplace Empowerment as a Predictor of Nurse Burnout in Restructured Health Care Settings
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Author:Spence Laschinger, Heather K., PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Western Ontario
Title:Professor, Associate Director of Nursing Research
Co-Authors:Joan Finegan, PhD; Judith Shamian, RN, PhD; Piotr Wilk, MA
Objectives: Kanter’s (1993) Theory of Organizational Empowerment provides a framework for investigating the role of empowering work conditions among nurses. Kanter maintains that work environments which provide access to information, resources, support, and opportunity to develop are empowering and enable employees to accomplish their work in meaningful ways. The main objective of this study was to test a model derived from Kanter’s theory linking the effects of structural and psychological empowerment at one point in time to nurses’ reports of burnout three years later. This time lag enhances our ability to interpret the results by reducing potential concerns over temporal causality confronted with cross-sectional research. Design: A longitudinal design was used to test the model in a random sample of 192 Canadian staff nurses. Methods: Questionnaires were mailed to a random sample of registered nurses. The questionnaires used were the Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-II, Spreitzer’s Psychological Empowerment Scale and the Emotional Exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Findings: Structural equation modelling analyses revealed a good fit of the data to the hypothesized model (Chi-square=198.68, df=85, IFI=.90, CFI=.90, RMSEA=.08). Perceptions of structural empowerment had a significant direct effect on psychological empowerment (.435), which in turn, had a significant effect on perceptions of emotional exhaustion (-.283). Conclusions: Nurses’ perceived access to workplace empowerment structures resulted in increased psychological empowerment at Time 1 and these feelings of empowerment were predictive of reported burnout levels at Time 2. These results support the expanded theoretical model of nursing empowerment and strengthen those of previous cross-sectional research linking empowerment to burnout among nurses. Implications: The results suggest that fostering environments that enhance perceptions of empowerment can be an effective way of preventing burnout among nurses.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleWorkplace Empowerment as a Predictor of Nurse Burnout in Restructured Health Care Settingsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149119-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Workplace Empowerment as a Predictor of Nurse Burnout in Restructured Health Care Settings</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Spence Laschinger, Heather K., PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Western Ontario</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor, Associate Director of Nursing Research</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">hkl@uwo.ca</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Joan Finegan, PhD; Judith Shamian, RN, PhD; Piotr Wilk, MA</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives: Kanter&rsquo;s (1993) Theory of Organizational Empowerment provides a framework for investigating the role of empowering work conditions among nurses. Kanter maintains that work environments which provide access to information, resources, support, and opportunity to develop are empowering and enable employees to accomplish their work in meaningful ways. The main objective of this study was to test a model derived from Kanter&rsquo;s theory linking the effects of structural and psychological empowerment at one point in time to nurses&rsquo; reports of burnout three years later. This time lag enhances our ability to interpret the results by reducing potential concerns over temporal causality confronted with cross-sectional research. Design: A longitudinal design was used to test the model in a random sample of 192 Canadian staff nurses. Methods: Questionnaires were mailed to a random sample of registered nurses. The questionnaires used were the Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-II, Spreitzer&rsquo;s Psychological Empowerment Scale and the Emotional Exhaustion subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Findings: Structural equation modelling analyses revealed a good fit of the data to the hypothesized model (Chi-square=198.68, df=85, IFI=.90, CFI=.90, RMSEA=.08). Perceptions of structural empowerment had a significant direct effect on psychological empowerment (.435), which in turn, had a significant effect on perceptions of emotional exhaustion (-.283). Conclusions: Nurses&rsquo; perceived access to workplace empowerment structures resulted in increased psychological empowerment at Time 1 and these feelings of empowerment were predictive of reported burnout levels at Time 2. These results support the expanded theoretical model of nursing empowerment and strengthen those of previous cross-sectional research linking empowerment to burnout among nurses. Implications: The results suggest that fostering environments that enhance perceptions of empowerment can be an effective way of preventing burnout among nurses.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:56:29Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:56:29Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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