2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149296
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Critique of international nursing research
Abstract:
Critique of international nursing research
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Henry, Beverly, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Texas at Austin
School of Nursing
Title:James R. Dougherty Professor
This integrative review of research was supported by Sigma Theta Tau,

Delta Beta chapter and the Florida League for Nursing, 1990-1991.

The full report will be published in the 1992 edition of the

Annual Review of Nursing Research.



Knowledge is needed about the research nurses conduct world-wide.

The 42nd World Health Assembly supported nursing research. In its

1989 resolutions, the Director General of the World Health

Organization (WHO) was asked to promote the implementation of

health-for-all strategies by advancing nurses' knowledge of

research methods.



The purpose of this critique of nursing research was to take stock

of the empirical work that has been reported and to provide

direction for future studies. The specific aims were to a)

identify the problems being addressed for practice, education, and

management, b) describe the methods used, and c) interpret the

findings in terms of scientific merit, social benefit, and

pragmatic concerns.



International nursing research was defined as a) studies

conducted in countries other than the United States or cross-national

work including the United States, b) studies that were descriptive,

hypotheses-testing, program evaluations, policy analyses, or

technology diffusion projects and c) work reported in 9 nursing

journals, 1985-1989, and in the reports of the Workgroup of

European Nurse Researchers. All nurses associations with

membership in the International Council of Nurses (ICN) were

contacted, 24 from 5 of the 6 world regions provided information

about nursing research, which is integrated in the analysis. A

36-item instrument was developed for the critique. Semantic and

content-related validity were assured. Intercoder reliability was

95 percent. Descriptive statistics were calculated for 549 research

reports using SPSS-X Release 3.1 for VAX/VMS.



The distribution of studies was Europe, 338; Americas, 145; Western

Pacific, 58; Africa, 6; Eastern Mediterranean, 1; and Southeast Asia,

1. Of the worlds 4 million nurses, 85 percent are industrialized

nations, which make up only one-third of the world's countries.

Descriptive work accounted for 75 percent of the studies. Policy

research was rare, only .5 percent. The majority was univariate;

qualitative methods were used in 26 percent and 74 percent were

quantitative. The most common clinical themes pertained to the

health and care of adults in hospitals. Primary care was addressed

in only 27 percent and maternal infant care in 14 percent. Problems

pertaining to student characteristics were the theme of 45 percent

of the educational studies; program content and evaluation was the

focus in 38 percent. Postbasic education was the level addressed

most frequently for 53 percent. Problems for human resources

management and health care delivery were the most frequent in

administrative research.



A model for international nursing research has been developed

addressing the context, initiatives and criteria for collaboration.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCritique of international nursing researchen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149296-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Critique of international nursing research</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Henry, Beverly, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Texas at Austin<br/>School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">James R. Dougherty Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">This integrative review of research was supported by Sigma Theta Tau,<br/><br/>Delta Beta chapter and the Florida League for Nursing, 1990-1991.<br/><br/>The full report will be published in the 1992 edition of the<br/><br/>Annual Review of Nursing Research.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Knowledge is needed about the research nurses conduct world-wide.<br/><br/>The 42nd World Health Assembly supported nursing research. In its<br/><br/>1989 resolutions, the Director General of the World Health<br/><br/>Organization (WHO) was asked to promote the implementation of<br/><br/>health-for-all strategies by advancing nurses' knowledge of<br/><br/>research methods.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The purpose of this critique of nursing research was to take stock<br/><br/>of the empirical work that has been reported and to provide<br/><br/>direction for future studies. The specific aims were to a)<br/><br/>identify the problems being addressed for practice, education, and<br/><br/>management, b) describe the methods used, and c) interpret the<br/><br/>findings in terms of scientific merit, social benefit, and<br/><br/>pragmatic concerns.<br/><br/><br/><br/>International nursing research was defined as a) studies<br/><br/>conducted in countries other than the United States or cross-national<br/><br/>work including the United States, b) studies that were descriptive,<br/><br/>hypotheses-testing, program evaluations, policy analyses, or<br/><br/>technology diffusion projects and c) work reported in 9 nursing<br/><br/>journals, 1985-1989, and in the reports of the Workgroup of<br/><br/>European Nurse Researchers. All nurses associations with<br/><br/>membership in the International Council of Nurses (ICN) were<br/><br/>contacted, 24 from 5 of the 6 world regions provided information<br/><br/>about nursing research, which is integrated in the analysis. A<br/><br/>36-item instrument was developed for the critique. Semantic and<br/><br/>content-related validity were assured. Intercoder reliability was<br/><br/>95 percent. Descriptive statistics were calculated for 549 research<br/><br/>reports using SPSS-X Release 3.1 for VAX/VMS.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The distribution of studies was Europe, 338; Americas, 145; Western<br/><br/>Pacific, 58; Africa, 6; Eastern Mediterranean, 1; and Southeast Asia,<br/><br/>1. Of the worlds 4 million nurses, 85 percent are industrialized<br/><br/>nations, which make up only one-third of the world's countries.<br/><br/>Descriptive work accounted for 75 percent of the studies. Policy<br/><br/>research was rare, only .5 percent. The majority was univariate;<br/><br/>qualitative methods were used in 26 percent and 74 percent were<br/><br/>quantitative. The most common clinical themes pertained to the<br/><br/>health and care of adults in hospitals. Primary care was addressed<br/><br/>in only 27 percent and maternal infant care in 14 percent. Problems<br/><br/>pertaining to student characteristics were the theme of 45 percent<br/><br/>of the educational studies; program content and evaluation was the<br/><br/>focus in 38 percent. Postbasic education was the level addressed<br/><br/>most frequently for 53 percent. Problems for human resources<br/><br/>management and health care delivery were the most frequent in<br/><br/>administrative research.<br/><br/><br/><br/>A model for international nursing research has been developed<br/><br/>addressing the context, initiatives and criteria for collaboration.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:59:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:59:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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