Stress and adaptation of primiparas over 35 - one year postpartum

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149298
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Stress and adaptation of primiparas over 35 - one year postpartum
Abstract:
Stress and adaptation of primiparas over 35 - one year postpartum
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Reece, Susan, DNS/DNSc/DSN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Massachusetts Lowell
Title:Assistant Professor Graduate Nursing
A recent trend exists of women delaying childbearing until their

educational and career goals have been met (Postponed

Childbearing, 1989). Generally, women who delay parenthood are

better educated and have achieved higher occupational levels than

their younger counterparts. Yet, older first-time mothers may

experience unique stressors that could affect the ease with which

they adapt to the parenting role. (Mercer, 1986.) The purpose of

this longitudinal study was to assess whether expectations,

self-evaluations, and satisfaction with the early parenting

experience at one and three months postpartum were associated with

maternal adaptation and stress one year after delivery.



The sample consisted of 94 first-time mothers over 35. Data were

collected through mailed questionnaires. At one and three months

after delivery, the mothers were mailed the What Being the Parent

of a Baby is Like - Revised (Pridham and Chang, 1989) questionnaire.

One year postpartum the mothers completed the Postpartum Self-

Evaluation Questionnaire (Lederman and Lederman, 1987), and the

Global Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarack, and Mermelstein,

1983).



Correlational analyses indicated that mothers' expectations, and

self-evaluations of parenting at both one and three months after

delivery were associated with a positive maternal confidence one

year postpartum. Perceived stress at one and three months was

associated with less parental satisfaction and increased global

life stress at one year. Stress at one year had a negative

relationship with dimensions of maternal adaptation, including

relationship with husband, satisfaction with life circumstance,

confidence and satisfaction in parenting and support.



The outcomes of these analyses have relevance for all nurses in

practice with childbearing families. Early identification of

mothers at risk for increased stress and difficulty with maternal

adaptation over the transition to parenthood allows for

anticipatory intervention strategies to promote the health and

well-being of older first-time mothers and their infants.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStress and adaptation of primiparas over 35 - one year postpartumen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149298-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Stress and adaptation of primiparas over 35 - one year postpartum</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Reece, Susan, DNS/DNSc/DSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Massachusetts Lowell</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor Graduate Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">drsmre@aol.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">A recent trend exists of women delaying childbearing until their<br/><br/>educational and career goals have been met (Postponed<br/><br/>Childbearing, 1989). Generally, women who delay parenthood are<br/><br/>better educated and have achieved higher occupational levels than<br/><br/>their younger counterparts. Yet, older first-time mothers may<br/><br/>experience unique stressors that could affect the ease with which<br/><br/>they adapt to the parenting role. (Mercer, 1986.) The purpose of<br/><br/>this longitudinal study was to assess whether expectations,<br/><br/>self-evaluations, and satisfaction with the early parenting<br/><br/>experience at one and three months postpartum were associated with<br/><br/>maternal adaptation and stress one year after delivery.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The sample consisted of 94 first-time mothers over 35. Data were<br/><br/>collected through mailed questionnaires. At one and three months<br/><br/>after delivery, the mothers were mailed the What Being the Parent<br/><br/>of a Baby is Like - Revised (Pridham and Chang, 1989) questionnaire.<br/><br/>One year postpartum the mothers completed the Postpartum Self-<br/><br/>Evaluation Questionnaire (Lederman and Lederman, 1987), and the<br/><br/>Global Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarack, and Mermelstein,<br/><br/>1983).<br/><br/><br/><br/>Correlational analyses indicated that mothers' expectations, and<br/><br/>self-evaluations of parenting at both one and three months after<br/><br/>delivery were associated with a positive maternal confidence one<br/><br/>year postpartum. Perceived stress at one and three months was<br/><br/>associated with less parental satisfaction and increased global<br/><br/>life stress at one year. Stress at one year had a negative<br/><br/>relationship with dimensions of maternal adaptation, including<br/><br/>relationship with husband, satisfaction with life circumstance,<br/><br/>confidence and satisfaction in parenting and support.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The outcomes of these analyses have relevance for all nurses in<br/><br/>practice with childbearing families. Early identification of<br/><br/>mothers at risk for increased stress and difficulty with maternal<br/><br/>adaptation over the transition to parenthood allows for<br/><br/>anticipatory intervention strategies to promote the health and<br/><br/>well-being of older first-time mothers and their infants.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:59:41Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:59:41Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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