Competent parenting by fathers of infants: Empirical test of a conceptual model

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149305
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Competent parenting by fathers of infants: Empirical test of a conceptual model
Abstract:
Competent parenting by fathers of infants: Empirical test of a conceptual model
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Edwards, Lienne, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of North Carolina at Charlotte College of Nursing & Health Professions
Title:Assistant Professor
While it is common in family-centered maternity care for nurses to espouse the importance of fathers being involved parents, little empirical evidence exists to document determinants of fathers' competent involvement with their infants. An understanding of factors that influence fathers' involvement with their infants can be used by nurses to support fathers as parents and to meet fathers' needs in individualized ways.



What is needed in nursing is a conceptual model to guide systematic inquiry into parenting by fathers. The model should delineate the multiple factors that can influence how competently fathers interact with their infants. The General Process Model of Competent Parental Functioning by Belsky conceptualizes parenting as multiply determined by three sources of influence: (a) personal psychological resources, (b) characteristics of the infant; and (c) sources of support/stress within the parent's social context. To date, no single study has been reported in which all three major determinants of parental functioning are examined for fathers of infants. The purpose of this study was empirical testing of Belsky's model of competent parenting for fathers of infants.



Multiple measures of the three constructs in the model were used. When infants were three months old, fathers completed the Nowicki-Strickland locus of control scale, Luster's Parental Belief Survey, a Value Pie, the Infant Development Questionnaire, Hagekull's Baby Behavior Questionnaire, Hoskin's Interpersonal Conflict Scale, and Alter's Father Participation Measure. Mothers completed the Baby Behavior Questionnaire, the Father Participation Measure, and a demographic sheet. When infants were 5 months old, fathers were observed playing with their infants at home. Ratings of amount; quality, appropriateness and general impression of father involvement were done using Farran's Parent/Caregiver Involvement Scale.



The sixty participating couples were married, aged 20-39, and most had at least one year of higher education. All fathers and 64 percent of mothers were employed. Mean Hollingshead SES index was 50.2 (minor professional). Results from the exploratory factor analyses and stepwise multiple regressions provided moderate support for Belsky's model. Factors from each of the major constructs emerged as significantly associated with competent parenting by fathers. These factors were fathers' Infant Development Knowledge, infant Activity/Reactivity and Awareness/ Predictability, and Nurturance. Infant Development Knowledge was the sole factor associated with all four measures of father involvement. Factors were more effective in explaining variability in appropriateness and general impression of fathers' involvement with their infants.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleCompetent parenting by fathers of infants: Empirical test of a conceptual modelen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149305-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Competent parenting by fathers of infants: Empirical test of a conceptual model</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Edwards, Lienne, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of North Carolina at Charlotte College of Nursing &amp; Health Professions</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">LDEDWARD@email.uncc.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">While it is common in family-centered maternity care for nurses to espouse the importance of fathers being involved parents, little empirical evidence exists to document determinants of fathers' competent involvement with their infants. An understanding of factors that influence fathers' involvement with their infants can be used by nurses to support fathers as parents and to meet fathers' needs in individualized ways.<br/><br/><br/><br/>What is needed in nursing is a conceptual model to guide systematic inquiry into parenting by fathers. The model should delineate the multiple factors that can influence how competently fathers interact with their infants. The General Process Model of Competent Parental Functioning by Belsky conceptualizes parenting as multiply determined by three sources of influence: (a) personal psychological resources, (b) characteristics of the infant; and (c) sources of support/stress within the parent's social context. To date, no single study has been reported in which all three major determinants of parental functioning are examined for fathers of infants. The purpose of this study was empirical testing of Belsky's model of competent parenting for fathers of infants.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Multiple measures of the three constructs in the model were used. When infants were three months old, fathers completed the Nowicki-Strickland locus of control scale, Luster's Parental Belief Survey, a Value Pie, the Infant Development Questionnaire, Hagekull's Baby Behavior Questionnaire, Hoskin's Interpersonal Conflict Scale, and Alter's Father Participation Measure. Mothers completed the Baby Behavior Questionnaire, the Father Participation Measure, and a demographic sheet. When infants were 5 months old, fathers were observed playing with their infants at home. Ratings of amount; quality, appropriateness and general impression of father involvement were done using Farran's Parent/Caregiver Involvement Scale.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The sixty participating couples were married, aged 20-39, and most had at least one year of higher education. All fathers and 64 percent of mothers were employed. Mean Hollingshead SES index was 50.2 (minor professional). Results from the exploratory factor analyses and stepwise multiple regressions provided moderate support for Belsky's model. Factors from each of the major constructs emerged as significantly associated with competent parenting by fathers. These factors were fathers' Infant Development Knowledge, infant Activity/Reactivity and Awareness/ Predictability, and Nurturance. Infant Development Knowledge was the sole factor associated with all four measures of father involvement. Factors were more effective in explaining variability in appropriateness and general impression of fathers' involvement with their infants.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T09:59:49Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T09:59:49Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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