2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149366
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates
Abstract:
Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Kim, Seijeoung
P.I. Institution Name:University of Illinois at Chicago
Title:Adjunct Professor
Objectives: The objectives of this study were 1) to identify risk factors associated with TB disease and treatment completion in an incarcerated population and 2) to distinguish gender specific elements affecting an individual’s TB status and treatment completion. Method: Data on former inmates of the Cook County jail were retrieved from the databases of a TB clinic at the jail. Performing logistic regressions, TB status and treatment completion were explained in terms of socioeconomic factors, individual health risky behaviors, and factors associated with incarceration. Further, Geographic Information System was used to describe relationships between the TB cases and community factors. Results: Significant predictors for TB status of all inmates (males and females) were ethnicity, marital status, homelessness, alcohol use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and types of criminal charges. For females, however, only homelessness, alcohol use, and HIV infection were predictive. Significant predictors for treatment completion of all inmates were gender, ethnicity, alcohol use, HIV infection, types of criminal charges, and the Directly Observed Therapy use. On the other hand, predictors for treatment completion of females included IV drug use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and location of treatment. Community area maps showed that communities with lower income, employment, and/or educational level presented more TB cases from the jail. Also, the TB cases were concentrated on housing project areas. Discussion: TB is closely related not only to individual health behaviors but also to socioeconomic context. Effective TB control programs require intersectoral collaboration and gender specific approaches to planning and implementation.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender and Tuberculosis among Inmatesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149366-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender and Tuberculosis among Inmates</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Seijeoung</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Illinois at Chicago</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Adjunct Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">skim49@uic.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objectives: The objectives of this study were 1) to identify risk factors associated with TB disease and treatment completion in an incarcerated population and 2) to distinguish gender specific elements affecting an individual&rsquo;s TB status and treatment completion. Method: Data on former inmates of the Cook County jail were retrieved from the databases of a TB clinic at the jail. Performing logistic regressions, TB status and treatment completion were explained in terms of socioeconomic factors, individual health risky behaviors, and factors associated with incarceration. Further, Geographic Information System was used to describe relationships between the TB cases and community factors. Results: Significant predictors for TB status of all inmates (males and females) were ethnicity, marital status, homelessness, alcohol use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and types of criminal charges. For females, however, only homelessness, alcohol use, and HIV infection were predictive. Significant predictors for treatment completion of all inmates were gender, ethnicity, alcohol use, HIV infection, types of criminal charges, and the Directly Observed Therapy use. On the other hand, predictors for treatment completion of females included IV drug use, HIV infection, number of incarcerations, and location of treatment. Community area maps showed that communities with lower income, employment, and/or educational level presented more TB cases from the jail. Also, the TB cases were concentrated on housing project areas. Discussion: TB is closely related not only to individual health behaviors but also to socioeconomic context. Effective TB control programs require intersectoral collaboration and gender specific approaches to planning and implementation.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:00:59Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:00:59Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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