The Relationship of Low Self-esteem and a Negative Perception of Pregnancy to Preterm Birth: Implications for Practice

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149382
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationship of Low Self-esteem and a Negative Perception of Pregnancy to Preterm Birth: Implications for Practice
Abstract:
The Relationship of Low Self-esteem and a Negative Perception of Pregnancy to Preterm Birth: Implications for Practice
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Jesse, Darlene
P.I. Institution Name:Purdue University
Title:Assistant Professor
The purpose of this research was to determine which factors within the Holistic Obstetrical Problem Evaluation (HOPE) predicted preterm birth (< 37 weeks gestation). A prospective correlational research design was used with a convenience sample of 120 pregnant women, between age 14 - 44 and 16-28 weeks gestation. After IRB approval, women from 3 prenatal sites in East Tennessee were interviewed using: (1) Socio-demographic factors; (2) the Prenatal Psychosocial Profile (PPP); (3) the Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS); (4) the Spiritual Perspectives Scale (SPS); and (5) perception of pregnancy questions. Biophysical data from prenatal records were transferred to the Bowman Gray Risk Index and gestational age was recorded from hospital records. Logistic regression analysis revealed that a holistic model of risk assessment in pregnancy was significantly related to preterm birth (p = .03), Chi 2 = 28.16, R2 = .22. Within this significant model, lower levels of self-esteem and more negative perceptions of the pregnancy were related to an increased incidence of preterm birth (p <.05). Increased insight into a woman’s feelings towards herself and towards her pregnancy may help providers formulate critical questions to ask during prenatal care that may lead to specific interventions. Because of the high rate of preterm birth in this study (22.7%), twice the rate of the national average (11.6%) (USDHHS, 2000) and the growing rate of preterm birth in the nation, maternal low self-esteem, and negative perception of pregnancy are an important areas of concern for future research.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationship of Low Self-esteem and a Negative Perception of Pregnancy to Preterm Birth: Implications for Practiceen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149382-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Relationship of Low Self-esteem and a Negative Perception of Pregnancy to Preterm Birth: Implications for Practice</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Jesse, Darlene</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Purdue University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">ejesse@purdue.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The purpose of this research was to determine which factors within the Holistic Obstetrical Problem Evaluation (HOPE) predicted preterm birth (&lt; 37 weeks gestation). A prospective correlational research design was used with a convenience sample of 120 pregnant women, between age 14 - 44 and 16-28 weeks gestation. After IRB approval, women from 3 prenatal sites in East Tennessee were interviewed using: (1) Socio-demographic factors; (2) the Prenatal Psychosocial Profile (PPP); (3) the Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS); (4) the Spiritual Perspectives Scale (SPS); and (5) perception of pregnancy questions. Biophysical data from prenatal records were transferred to the Bowman Gray Risk Index and gestational age was recorded from hospital records. Logistic regression analysis revealed that a holistic model of risk assessment in pregnancy was significantly related to preterm birth (p = .03), Chi 2 = 28.16, R2 = .22. Within this significant model, lower levels of self-esteem and more negative perceptions of the pregnancy were related to an increased incidence of preterm birth (p &lt;.05). Increased insight into a woman&rsquo;s feelings towards herself and towards her pregnancy may help providers formulate critical questions to ask during prenatal care that may lead to specific interventions. Because of the high rate of preterm birth in this study (22.7%), twice the rate of the national average (11.6%) (USDHHS, 2000) and the growing rate of preterm birth in the nation, maternal low self-esteem, and negative perception of pregnancy are an important areas of concern for future research. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:01:18Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:01:18Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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