Developing evidence-based guidelines for supporting cancer patient’s coping process

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149401
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Developing evidence-based guidelines for supporting cancer patient’s coping process
Abstract:
Developing evidence-based guidelines for supporting cancer patient’s coping process
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Lauri, Sirkka
P.I. Institution Name:University of Turku
Objective: 1) to develop and test an instrument for the assessment of stress-coping process in cancer patients; 2) to produce questions concerning the nursing care of patients at different stages of stress- coping process; 3) to issue nursing guidelines on the basis of these questions; and 4) to assess the practical applicability of these guidelines in concrete nursing situations. Design: The guidelines are grounded in the “Theoretical model of psychosocial support for the cancer patient”, designed in the latter half of the 1990s on the basis of crisis, stress and coping theories, the empirical research evidence as well as the clinical expertise of nursing staff. Clinical expertise also comprises knowledge about the patient’s special needs and expectations. The model describes the different stages of stress-coping process in cancer patients, key problems related to nursing as well as the expected results of nursing interventions. Methods: The project has applied the principles of action research, combining the theoretical and evidence-based expertise of researchers as well as the clinical expertise of nursing staff. A special cancer care team was set up in 1995, comprising 30 nurses and five directors of nursing from all units providing care for cancer patients at one central university hospital. Work to prepare the guidelines and the related training were started up in 2000. The team works in two groups who meet about once a month. Findings: 1) Work to develop the stress-coping instrument has been completed and nursing staff have tested the instrument. Testing will be continued in spring 2001 in patient-nurse pairs with a view to ascertaining the reliability of the instrument. 2) Nursing questions have been formulated on the basis of the theoretical model, and guidelines issued on the basis of practical experiences and research evidence. 3) The guidelines will be put to the practical test in spring 2001, after which written guidelines will be drawn up in the framework of the theoretical model. 4) Work to validate the guidelines will be carried out in two other central university hospitals in autumn 2001. The results from points 1)-3) above will be reported at the congress. Conclusion: Nursing needs to have practical models that are grounded in empirical research: this is crucial for successful decision-making in everyday nursing. The only way to produce these kinds of models and guidelines is for researchers to work closely with practical nurses both in creating these guidelines and in integrating them into the practice of nursing.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDeveloping evidence-based guidelines for supporting cancer patient’s coping processen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149401-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Developing evidence-based guidelines for supporting cancer patient&rsquo;s coping process</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lauri, Sirkka</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Turku</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">sila@utu.fi</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: 1) to develop and test an instrument for the assessment of stress-coping process in cancer patients; 2) to produce questions concerning the nursing care of patients at different stages of stress- coping process; 3) to issue nursing guidelines on the basis of these questions; and 4) to assess the practical applicability of these guidelines in concrete nursing situations. Design: The guidelines are grounded in the &ldquo;Theoretical model of psychosocial support for the cancer patient&rdquo;, designed in the latter half of the 1990s on the basis of crisis, stress and coping theories, the empirical research evidence as well as the clinical expertise of nursing staff. Clinical expertise also comprises knowledge about the patient&rsquo;s special needs and expectations. The model describes the different stages of stress-coping process in cancer patients, key problems related to nursing as well as the expected results of nursing interventions. Methods: The project has applied the principles of action research, combining the theoretical and evidence-based expertise of researchers as well as the clinical expertise of nursing staff. A special cancer care team was set up in 1995, comprising 30 nurses and five directors of nursing from all units providing care for cancer patients at one central university hospital. Work to prepare the guidelines and the related training were started up in 2000. The team works in two groups who meet about once a month. Findings: 1) Work to develop the stress-coping instrument has been completed and nursing staff have tested the instrument. Testing will be continued in spring 2001 in patient-nurse pairs with a view to ascertaining the reliability of the instrument. 2) Nursing questions have been formulated on the basis of the theoretical model, and guidelines issued on the basis of practical experiences and research evidence. 3) The guidelines will be put to the practical test in spring 2001, after which written guidelines will be drawn up in the framework of the theoretical model. 4) Work to validate the guidelines will be carried out in two other central university hospitals in autumn 2001. The results from points 1)-3) above will be reported at the congress. Conclusion: Nursing needs to have practical models that are grounded in empirical research: this is crucial for successful decision-making in everyday nursing. The only way to produce these kinds of models and guidelines is for researchers to work closely with practical nurses both in creating these guidelines and in integrating them into the practice of nursing. </td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:01:40Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:01:40Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.