Improvement of the Morphologically Fitted Mattress for Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease: A Pilot Study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149430
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Improvement of the Morphologically Fitted Mattress for Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease: A Pilot Study
Abstract:
Improvement of the Morphologically Fitted Mattress for Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease: A Pilot Study
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Furukawa, Fumiko, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Shizuoka
Title:Professor
Co-Authors:Haruko Shikimori, PhD, PHN, RN; Hiroaki Kanazawa, PhD, MD
[Clinical Session Presentation] (Background and Aim) Many pressure-relieving devices to prevent skin damage are available. However, few devices exist for patients with peripheral vacular disease (PVD), as individuals with PVD have particularly delicate skin of the legs. This pilot study, performed in a laboratory setting, examined improvement of a morphologically fitted mattress for such patients.(Methods) Eight kinds of materials, 2 to 10 mm in thickness with a double raschel structure having obliquely weaved nylon and polyester units called FUSION? (Asahikasei, Japan), were used. Mattresses were made by these materials on top of the other. Such mattress fits a morphological leg shape. A human leg dummy was used to evaluate the peak pressure (PP) of the heel and calf on the mattress. Xsensor? mat (XSENSOR, Canada) was used for the PP measurement: The leg dummy was placed on Xsensor spreading over a typical bed with a cotton pad, and the PP was measured at baseline; then next, a testing mattress was inserted between Xsensor and the cotton pad to measure the PP; this procedure was repeated to search mattresses with lower PP.  (Results) The PP on the heel and calf at baseline was 61.0 mmHg and 83.0 mmHg, respectively. Compared with baseline, three mattresses were considered to be appropriate: PP decreased 29.0% and 48.0% with Type I (combined 3, 2, 10 and 8 mm), 21.0% and 51.0% with Type II (3, 10, and 4), and 33.0% and 52% with Type III (3, 5, and 10), respectively.  (Conclusions) These findings showed that the PP was lower with the mattresses tested. The morphologically fitted mattress might be effective at reducing the risk of skin damage in patients with PVD. This pilot study may indicate possibility to identify appropriate mattresses by combining the eight materials.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleImprovement of the Morphologically Fitted Mattress for Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease: A Pilot Studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149430-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Improvement of the Morphologically Fitted Mattress for Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease: A Pilot Study</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Furukawa, Fumiko, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Shizuoka</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">furukawa@u-shizuoka-ken.ac.jp</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Haruko Shikimori, PhD, PHN, RN; Hiroaki Kanazawa, PhD, MD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Clinical Session Presentation] (Background and Aim) Many pressure-relieving devices to prevent skin damage are available. However, few devices exist for patients with peripheral vacular disease (PVD), as individuals with PVD have particularly delicate skin of the legs. This pilot study, performed in a laboratory setting, examined improvement of a morphologically fitted mattress for such patients.(Methods) Eight kinds of materials, 2 to 10 mm in thickness with a double raschel structure having obliquely weaved nylon and polyester units called FUSION? (Asahikasei, Japan), were used. Mattresses were made by these materials on top of the other. Such mattress fits a morphological leg shape. A human leg dummy was used to evaluate the peak pressure (PP) of the heel and calf on the mattress. Xsensor? mat (XSENSOR, Canada) was used for the PP measurement: The leg dummy was placed on Xsensor spreading over a typical bed with a cotton pad, and the PP was measured at baseline; then next, a testing mattress was inserted between Xsensor and the cotton pad to measure the PP; this procedure was repeated to search mattresses with lower PP. &nbsp;(Results) The PP on the heel and calf at baseline was 61.0 mmHg and 83.0 mmHg, respectively. Compared with baseline, three mattresses were considered to be appropriate: PP decreased 29.0% and 48.0% with Type I (combined 3, 2, 10 and 8 mm), 21.0% and 51.0% with Type II (3, 10, and 4), and 33.0% and 52% with Type III (3, 5, and 10), respectively. &nbsp;(Conclusions) These findings showed that the PP was lower with the mattresses tested.&nbsp;The morphologically fitted mattress might be effective at reducing the risk of skin damage in patients with PVD. This pilot study may indicate possibility to identify&nbsp;appropriate mattresses by combining the eight materials.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:02:15Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:02:15Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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