Prevalence, Knowledge and Practices of Hypertension Among Urban Community, Karachi, Pakistan

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149480
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Prevalence, Knowledge and Practices of Hypertension Among Urban Community, Karachi, Pakistan
Abstract:
Prevalence, Knowledge and Practices of Hypertension Among Urban Community, Karachi, Pakistan
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Parvani, Zehra Ali Muhammad, RN, BScN
P.I. Institution Name:Aga Khan University
Title:Nursing Instructor
Co-Authors:Hasina Hassan Ali, RN, BScN; Shaheen A. Muhammad, RN, BScN; Ambreen Azam, RN, BScN; Saleema A. Gulzar, MScN
[Clinical Session Presentation] Background: Hypertension is one of the most prevalent diseases in Pakistan; it affects one out of three individuals in country. Therefore, a project is carried out to estimate the prevalence and implement health promoting strategies to combat the problem. Objectives/ purpose: To explore knowledge, attitude and practices about hypertension among adults. To intervene relevant strategies to reduce the particular burden of disease among adult population.Methodology: A survey was conducted among adults of urban community Karachi, Pakistan from November 2007 to January 2008. Sample of 50 residents was randomly selected aged between 15-65 years. Questionnaire was developed to asses their knowledge, attitude and practices about hypertension. Result: The prevalence of hypertension was 30%. Participants were diagnosed case of hypertension. This study identified practices like 34% were using additional salt, 32 % were consuming ghee instead of oil. Some of the factors that were identified to have association with hypertension are age more than 30 years, obesity, family history of hypertension. Result shows that the majority of hypertensive was aware of their diagnosis. However, out of them 49% did not properly practice to control their hypertension with diet control, exercise and medications. Based on the assessment, awareness session was conducted and screening was done. In addition, support group build and master trainers were trained to sustain the project. Conclusion and recommendation: To conclude, this study could be implemented at mega scale in Pakistan. It is recommended that Pender?s Health Promotion Model should be utilized in order to propose the ways to control it.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePrevalence, Knowledge and Practices of Hypertension Among Urban Community, Karachi, Pakistanen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149480-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Prevalence, Knowledge and Practices of Hypertension Among Urban Community, Karachi, Pakistan</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Parvani, Zehra Ali Muhammad, RN, BScN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Aga Khan University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">zehra_parvani@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Hasina Hassan Ali, RN, BScN; Shaheen A. Muhammad, RN, BScN; Ambreen Azam, RN, BScN; Saleema A. Gulzar, MScN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Clinical Session Presentation] Background: Hypertension is one of the most prevalent diseases in Pakistan; it affects one out of three individuals in country. Therefore, a project is carried out to estimate the prevalence and implement health promoting strategies to combat the problem. Objectives/ purpose: To explore knowledge, attitude and practices about hypertension among adults. To intervene relevant strategies to reduce the particular burden of disease among adult population.Methodology: A survey was conducted among adults of urban community Karachi, Pakistan from November 2007 to January 2008. Sample of 50 residents was randomly selected aged between 15-65 years. Questionnaire was developed to asses their knowledge, attitude and practices about hypertension. Result: The prevalence of hypertension was 30%. Participants were diagnosed case of hypertension. This study identified practices like 34% were using additional salt, 32 % were consuming ghee instead of oil. Some of the factors that were identified to have association with hypertension are age more than 30 years, obesity, family history of hypertension. Result shows that the majority of hypertensive was aware of their diagnosis. However, out of them 49% did not properly practice to control their hypertension with diet control, exercise and medications. Based on the assessment, awareness session was conducted and screening was done. In addition, support group build and master trainers were trained to sustain the project. Conclusion and recommendation: To conclude, this study could be implemented at mega scale in Pakistan. It is recommended that Pender?s Health Promotion Model should be utilized in order to propose the ways to control it.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:03:16Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:03:16Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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