Maternal depressive symptoms and child abuse potential: Their relationship to child behavior

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149526
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Maternal depressive symptoms and child abuse potential: Their relationship to child behavior
Abstract:
Maternal depressive symptoms and child abuse potential: Their relationship to child behavior
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:O'Neill, Mary, MS/MSc
P.I. Institution Name:University of Kentucky
Title:Research Associate
Low-income single mothers and their children are at high risk for

adverse health outcomes. The purposes were to: (1) examine change

in maternal depressive symptoms over a 6-month period; (2) identify

psychosocial predictors of depressive symptoms; (3) investigate the

potential linkages of maternal psychosocial factors and depressive

symptoms with mothers' potential for child abuse; and (4) examine

the effects of these factors on mothers' reports of child behavior.



Data were collected in the second and third waves of a three-wave

panel study of predictors of health outcomes in low-income,

single-mother families. Mothers with young children were recruited

from health department clinics. Structured, in-home interviews

were conducted with 206 mothers at the 6- and 12-month follow-ups

as well as in-depth interviews with a subsample of 10 mothers. The

variables measured were mothers' everyday stressors, coping

strategies, social resources, depressive symptoms, and reports of

children's behavior. A measure of potential for child abuse was

added after mothers participating in the in-depth interviews

revealed prior maltreatment experiences. Quantitative data were

analyzed using multiple regression with change scores and t-tests.

Qualitative data from the in-depth interviews were analyzed using

Glaser's (1978) constant comparative method.



Depressive symptoms were highly stable over the 6-month period.

Increases in everyday stressors and avoidance coping predicted a

rise in mothers' depressive symptoms. An increase in the mothers'

potential for child abuse was predicted by an elevation in

depressive symptoms and by a decrease in the quality of their

primary intimate relationship. Only child abuse potential

predicted an increase in child behavior problems. The findings

suggest the importance of the socio-environmental context to the

mental health of low-income, single mothers and to their children's

behavior. Assessment of the factors investigated may lead to

identification of high-risk families in need of preventive

intervention.



Supported by Grant NR01960-02 from the National Center for

Nursing Research, NIH.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMaternal depressive symptoms and child abuse potential: Their relationship to child behavioren_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149526-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Maternal depressive symptoms and child abuse potential: Their relationship to child behavior</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">O'Neill, Mary, MS/MSc</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Kentucky</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Research Associate</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Low-income single mothers and their children are at high risk for<br/><br/>adverse health outcomes. The purposes were to: (1) examine change<br/><br/>in maternal depressive symptoms over a 6-month period; (2) identify<br/><br/>psychosocial predictors of depressive symptoms; (3) investigate the<br/><br/>potential linkages of maternal psychosocial factors and depressive<br/><br/>symptoms with mothers' potential for child abuse; and (4) examine<br/><br/>the effects of these factors on mothers' reports of child behavior.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Data were collected in the second and third waves of a three-wave<br/><br/>panel study of predictors of health outcomes in low-income,<br/><br/>single-mother families. Mothers with young children were recruited<br/><br/>from health department clinics. Structured, in-home interviews<br/><br/>were conducted with 206 mothers at the 6- and 12-month follow-ups<br/><br/>as well as in-depth interviews with a subsample of 10 mothers. The<br/><br/>variables measured were mothers' everyday stressors, coping<br/><br/>strategies, social resources, depressive symptoms, and reports of<br/><br/>children's behavior. A measure of potential for child abuse was<br/><br/>added after mothers participating in the in-depth interviews<br/><br/>revealed prior maltreatment experiences. Quantitative data were<br/><br/>analyzed using multiple regression with change scores and t-tests.<br/><br/>Qualitative data from the in-depth interviews were analyzed using<br/><br/>Glaser's (1978) constant comparative method.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Depressive symptoms were highly stable over the 6-month period.<br/><br/>Increases in everyday stressors and avoidance coping predicted a<br/><br/>rise in mothers' depressive symptoms. An increase in the mothers'<br/><br/>potential for child abuse was predicted by an elevation in<br/><br/>depressive symptoms and by a decrease in the quality of their<br/><br/>primary intimate relationship. Only child abuse potential<br/><br/>predicted an increase in child behavior problems. The findings<br/><br/>suggest the importance of the socio-environmental context to the<br/><br/>mental health of low-income, single mothers and to their children's<br/><br/>behavior. Assessment of the factors investigated may lead to<br/><br/>identification of high-risk families in need of preventive<br/><br/>intervention.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Supported by Grant NR01960-02 from the National Center for<br/><br/>Nursing Research, NIH.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:04:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:04:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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