Health and illness beliefs and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans in a border community

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149532
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Health and illness beliefs and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans in a border community
Abstract:
Health and illness beliefs and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans in a border community
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Lara, Jesusa, EdD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Texas at El Paso
Title:Associate Professor
This study purported to explore and describe the perceptions of

health and illness and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans

in an undeserved border community in South-west Texas.

Specifically, it sought answers to the following research

questions: What are the perceptions of health and illness among

residents of a border community? What self-care behaviors are

evoked in relation to health and illness? Under what circumstances

are home treatments used and when are medical consultations sought?

This study was the first phase of a three-phased study on health

program development that will be more responsive to the needs of a

bicultural region.



Becker's Health Belief model and Orem's Self-Care theory guided the

conduct of this study. Face to face interviews were conducted with

200 household respondents. The interview-questionnaire consisted

of items on socio-demographics, economic and environmental aspects,

nutrition, needs and problems in the community. The Health Beliefs

interview schedule and Family Illness Calendar were incorporated in

the questionnaire. Two field data collectors who were high school

graduates and residents of the community were given intensive

training to ensure accurate collection of data.



Data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively using

frequencies and percentages. Majority of the respondents were

married(89%), Catholics(75%), low-income(79%), housewives (71%),

middle-aged, elementary graduates, and had 8 years residence in the

community. Findings on health practices indicated adequate

knowledge on nutrition, sleep requirements, exercise and

recreation. The beliefs expressed pertaining to common illnesses

as to causes and treatments indicated a mixture of folk and western

influences. Three conditions cited as most serious in rank order

were: Chest Pain(1), Fever(2), and Vomiting(3), while the

conditions considered least serious were: Crying(l), Sadness(2),

and Headache(3). Illnesses experienced in the past year related to

musculoskeletal problems, high blood pressure, stroke and

respiratory ailments. Initial actions taken on these ailments

comprised using folk home remedies and over-the-counter

medications. Data obtained provide health data base that can be

used for future program planning and implementation in health care

delivery.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleHealth and illness beliefs and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans in a border communityen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149532-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Health and illness beliefs and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans in a border community</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Lara, Jesusa, EdD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Texas at El Paso</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">This study purported to explore and describe the perceptions of<br/><br/>health and illness and self-care behaviors among Mexican-Americans<br/><br/>in an undeserved border community in South-west Texas.<br/><br/>Specifically, it sought answers to the following research<br/><br/>questions: What are the perceptions of health and illness among<br/><br/>residents of a border community? What self-care behaviors are<br/><br/>evoked in relation to health and illness? Under what circumstances<br/><br/>are home treatments used and when are medical consultations sought?<br/><br/>This study was the first phase of a three-phased study on health<br/><br/>program development that will be more responsive to the needs of a<br/><br/>bicultural region.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Becker's Health Belief model and Orem's Self-Care theory guided the<br/><br/>conduct of this study. Face to face interviews were conducted with<br/><br/>200 household respondents. The interview-questionnaire consisted<br/><br/>of items on socio-demographics, economic and environmental aspects,<br/><br/>nutrition, needs and problems in the community. The Health Beliefs<br/><br/>interview schedule and Family Illness Calendar were incorporated in<br/><br/>the questionnaire. Two field data collectors who were high school<br/><br/>graduates and residents of the community were given intensive<br/><br/>training to ensure accurate collection of data.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively using<br/><br/>frequencies and percentages. Majority of the respondents were<br/><br/>married(89%), Catholics(75%), low-income(79%), housewives (71%),<br/><br/>middle-aged, elementary graduates, and had 8 years residence in the<br/><br/>community. Findings on health practices indicated adequate<br/><br/>knowledge on nutrition, sleep requirements, exercise and<br/><br/>recreation. The beliefs expressed pertaining to common illnesses<br/><br/>as to causes and treatments indicated a mixture of folk and western<br/><br/>influences. Three conditions cited as most serious in rank order<br/><br/>were: Chest Pain(1), Fever(2), and Vomiting(3), while the<br/><br/>conditions considered least serious were: Crying(l), Sadness(2),<br/><br/>and Headache(3). Illnesses experienced in the past year related to<br/><br/>musculoskeletal problems, high blood pressure, stroke and<br/><br/>respiratory ailments. Initial actions taken on these ailments<br/><br/>comprised using folk home remedies and over-the-counter<br/><br/>medications. Data obtained provide health data base that can be<br/><br/>used for future program planning and implementation in health care<br/><br/>delivery.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:04:18Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:04:18Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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