2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149537
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Development of a self-transcendence scale for older adults
Abstract:
Development of a self-transcendence scale for older adults
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Shultz, Cathleen, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:Harding University, School of Nursing
Title:Dean of Nursing
As people age, they experience losses which can lead to a

preoccupation with self-concerns. Self-transcendence is the

ability to overcome self-concerns and includes both ego

transcendence and body transcendence. Peck identifies ego

transcendence as acceptance of inevitable mortality and body

transcendence as overcoming physical discomfort to maintain

satisfying relationships. The purpose of this study was to

develop a Self-Transcendence Scale for Older Adults (STSO) based

on Peck's theory.



Development of the STSO began with 58 items, on a five point

Likert scale, of which 19 originated from a Self-Transcendence

Scale for young adults (Christensen, 1980) and 39 were written by

four geropsychiatric experts. Content validity was established

by ten geropsychiatric experts in two Q-sorts.



Data was obtained from a convenience sample of 107 older adults,

on the STSO, the Geriatric Social Readjustment Questionnaire, the

Spiritual Well-being Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale (version 3)

and the Hopelessness Scale.



Correlations of each item with the total transcendence score were

examined, and items were retained if correlations were greater

than .2 and significant. Twelve items were deleted. Internal

consistency was indicated by an coefficient alpha of .90. For

construct validity, self-transcendence was correlated in the

expected directions with spiritual well-being/existential (r=.412

2 p<.001), loneliness (r=.437,p<.0001) and hopelessness (r=.234,

p<.02). STSO scores of the 107 people attending classes were

compared with 15 subjects, age 65 or older, who met the DSM-III-R

criteria for somatization disorder. The mean score of the group

attending classes was significantly higher (X=3.82 SD=.315), than

the mean score of the somatization group (X=3.44, SD=.366,

p<.0001).



The STSO provides a measure of healthy psychological development

in old age. There is a tendency to view elders as being in an

inevitable and progressive state of psychological decline.

Exploration of self-transcendence challenges nurses to view

elders as becoming progressively more psychologically complex and

provides a theoretical basis for interventions. This research

establishes initial validity and reliability of the

Self-Transcendence Scale for Older Adults. It also provides

evidence that interventions which encourage greater

self-transcendence may promote psychological well-being.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleDevelopment of a self-transcendence scale for older adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149537-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Development of a self-transcendence scale for older adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Shultz, Cathleen, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Harding University, School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Dean of Nursing</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">As people age, they experience losses which can lead to a<br/><br/>preoccupation with self-concerns. Self-transcendence is the<br/><br/>ability to overcome self-concerns and includes both ego<br/><br/>transcendence and body transcendence. Peck identifies ego<br/><br/>transcendence as acceptance of inevitable mortality and body<br/><br/>transcendence as overcoming physical discomfort to maintain<br/><br/>satisfying relationships. The purpose of this study was to<br/><br/>develop a Self-Transcendence Scale for Older Adults (STSO) based<br/><br/>on Peck's theory.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Development of the STSO began with 58 items, on a five point<br/><br/>Likert scale, of which 19 originated from a Self-Transcendence<br/><br/>Scale for young adults (Christensen, 1980) and 39 were written by<br/><br/>four geropsychiatric experts. Content validity was established<br/><br/>by ten geropsychiatric experts in two Q-sorts.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Data was obtained from a convenience sample of 107 older adults,<br/><br/>on the STSO, the Geriatric Social Readjustment Questionnaire, the<br/><br/>Spiritual Well-being Scale, the UCLA Loneliness Scale (version 3)<br/><br/>and the Hopelessness Scale.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Correlations of each item with the total transcendence score were<br/><br/>examined, and items were retained if correlations were greater<br/><br/>than .2 and significant. Twelve items were deleted. Internal<br/><br/>consistency was indicated by an coefficient alpha of .90. For<br/><br/>construct validity, self-transcendence was correlated in the<br/><br/>expected directions with spiritual well-being/existential (r=.412<br/><br/>2 p&lt;.001), loneliness (r=.437,p&lt;.0001) and hopelessness (r=.234,<br/><br/>p&lt;.02). STSO scores of the 107 people attending classes were<br/><br/>compared with 15 subjects, age 65 or older, who met the DSM-III-R<br/><br/>criteria for somatization disorder. The mean score of the group<br/><br/>attending classes was significantly higher (X=3.82 SD=.315), than<br/><br/>the mean score of the somatization group (X=3.44, SD=.366,<br/><br/>p&lt;.0001).<br/><br/><br/><br/>The STSO provides a measure of healthy psychological development<br/><br/>in old age. There is a tendency to view elders as being in an<br/><br/>inevitable and progressive state of psychological decline.<br/><br/>Exploration of self-transcendence challenges nurses to view<br/><br/>elders as becoming progressively more psychologically complex and<br/><br/>provides a theoretical basis for interventions. This research<br/><br/>establishes initial validity and reliability of the<br/><br/>Self-Transcendence Scale for Older Adults. It also provides<br/><br/>evidence that interventions which encourage greater<br/><br/>self-transcendence may promote psychological well-being.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:04:24Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:04:24Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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