Leading in a Time of Crisis: Utilizing High Reliability Teams and Situation Awareness to Minimize Risk and Maximize Life

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149542
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Leading in a Time of Crisis: Utilizing High Reliability Teams and Situation Awareness to Minimize Risk and Maximize Life
Abstract:
Leading in a Time of Crisis: Utilizing High Reliability Teams and Situation Awareness to Minimize Risk and Maximize Life
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Autrey, Pamela Spencer, PhD, MBA, MSN, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Alabama School of Nursing at Birmingham
Title:Assistant professor
The term disaster, or mass casualty incident, has taken on new meaning since September 11, 2001. Pre 9/11, hospitals, for the most part, were capable of handling the surge from natural disasters, single site plant explosions, or multiple motor vehicle accidents. Post 9/11, however, it is not clear that hospitals are capable of managing the tremendous influx of patients, families, and community members who may seek refuge after a disaster event. Additionally, JCAHO has stipulated that hospitals participate in multidisciplinary community disaster drills twice a year, mandating interaction with local law enforcement and emergency first responders who are part of the National Incident Management System. It is not evident how the hospital teams will collaborate with outside agencies including fire, law enforcement, and emergency medical systems either locally or at a national level. Firefighters and law enforcement have utilized formalized incident management systems since the 1970s. Hospitals are now beginning to follow the lead by instituting the Hospital Emergency Incident Command System (HEICS) in order to respond to all hazards-all risks. HEICS provides a template for critical incident management and can assist an organization in the assessment of whether it is ready for a disaster event, specifying in terms of structure, management, and resources what the hospital should do to be prepared as possible. However, HEICS does not necessarily enhance situation awareness, an essential cognitive process for high reliability teams. Aviation has extensive research, including measurement and interventions, related to situation awareness yet more research is needed in health care critical incident management. It is important for nurse leaders to understand how situation awareness enhances the decision-making processes of high reliability teams and the emphasis on joint problem solving among unified teams for the successful resolution and error free response to a mass casualty incident.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleLeading in a Time of Crisis: Utilizing High Reliability Teams and Situation Awareness to Minimize Risk and Maximize Lifeen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149542-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Leading in a Time of Crisis: Utilizing High Reliability Teams and Situation Awareness to Minimize Risk and Maximize Life</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Autrey, Pamela Spencer, PhD, MBA, MSN, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Alabama School of Nursing at Birmingham</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">pautrey@uab.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The term disaster, or mass casualty incident, has taken on new meaning since September 11, 2001. Pre 9/11, hospitals, for the most part, were capable of handling the surge from natural disasters, single site plant explosions, or multiple motor vehicle accidents. Post 9/11, however, it is not clear that hospitals are capable of managing the tremendous influx of patients, families, and community members who may seek refuge after a disaster event. Additionally, JCAHO has stipulated that hospitals participate in multidisciplinary community disaster drills twice a year, mandating interaction with local law enforcement and emergency first responders who are part of the National Incident Management System. It is not evident how the hospital teams will collaborate with outside agencies including fire, law enforcement, and emergency medical systems either locally or at a national level. Firefighters and law enforcement have utilized formalized incident management systems since the 1970s. Hospitals are now beginning to follow the lead by instituting the Hospital Emergency Incident Command System (HEICS) in order to respond to all hazards-all risks. HEICS provides a template for critical incident management and can assist an organization in the assessment of whether it is ready for a disaster event, specifying in terms of structure, management, and resources what the hospital should do to be prepared as possible. However, HEICS does not necessarily enhance situation awareness, an essential cognitive process for high reliability teams. Aviation has extensive research, including measurement and interventions, related to situation awareness yet more research is needed in health care critical incident management. It is important for nurse leaders to understand how situation awareness enhances the decision-making processes of high reliability teams and the emphasis on joint problem solving among unified teams for the successful resolution and error free response to a mass casualty incident.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:04:30Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:04:30Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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