A qualitative approach to quantitative research in rural communities

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149549
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A qualitative approach to quantitative research in rural communities
Abstract:
A qualitative approach to quantitative research in rural communities
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Malone-Rising, Dorothy, MS/MSc
P.I. Institution Name:The University of Vermont
Title:Assistant Professor of Nursing
Mendras (1984) alludes to the difficulties encountered in the

conduct of quantitative research in rural communities.

Generalizability requires a quantitative methodology. However, the

tendency toward homogeneity within communities and diversity

between communities makes such generalizations difficult.

Determining the most salient issues for investigation within a

rural community requires a qualitative approach.



The Lamoille Area Health Council sought to assess the availability

of health and social services within the ten towns of Lamoille

County, Vermont. A collaborative research approach was selected to

foster an ongoing role in the project for those without research

expertise. Borrowing from Guba and Lincoln's (1989) responsive

constructivist paradigm stakeholders were identified and solicited;

claims, concerns and issues were identified; information was

gathered to facilitate achieving consensus; and negotiations were

directed toward resolution of conflicts that blocked the

achievement of consensus. Community members have been involved in

all aspects of this project.



A survey tool was developed to determine which of 75 health and

social services were felt to be available. Reasons services were

thought to be unavailable were explored. Subjects were asked

whether these services should be available to members of the

community. Finally, service providers' responses regarding

availability of services were compared to those of household

spokespersons to identify gaps in knowledge about services.



A stratified random sample of 299 households were selected,

representing 5 percent of households in Lamoille County. Community

members, known as volunteer researchers were assembled to

administer the survey. They were oriented to the purpose of the

project and the use of the tool. With input from the volunteer

researchers a structured interview guide was developed. Widespread

publicity, informing selected households by mail prior to contact

with researchers, and in-home interviewing by community members are

felt to account for the low rate of nonparticipation by selected

households (4%).



Findings include identification of a significant knowledge deficit

regarding many services currently available within the community.

Several services were thought necessary, though unavailable. There

is significant difference between providers and consumers in

perceived availability of services in several categories.



Significant findings of the survey and implications for future

activities of the Health Council will be presented. The advantages

and disadvantages of employing a qualitative approach to the

conduct of quantitative research will be discussed.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA qualitative approach to quantitative research in rural communitiesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149549-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A qualitative approach to quantitative research in rural communities</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Malone-Rising, Dorothy, MS/MSc</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">The University of Vermont</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor of Nursing</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Mendras (1984) alludes to the difficulties encountered in the<br/><br/>conduct of quantitative research in rural communities.<br/><br/>Generalizability requires a quantitative methodology. However, the<br/><br/>tendency toward homogeneity within communities and diversity<br/><br/>between communities makes such generalizations difficult.<br/><br/>Determining the most salient issues for investigation within a<br/><br/>rural community requires a qualitative approach.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The Lamoille Area Health Council sought to assess the availability<br/><br/>of health and social services within the ten towns of Lamoille<br/><br/>County, Vermont. A collaborative research approach was selected to<br/><br/>foster an ongoing role in the project for those without research<br/><br/>expertise. Borrowing from Guba and Lincoln's (1989) responsive<br/><br/>constructivist paradigm stakeholders were identified and solicited;<br/><br/>claims, concerns and issues were identified; information was<br/><br/>gathered to facilitate achieving consensus; and negotiations were<br/><br/>directed toward resolution of conflicts that blocked the<br/><br/>achievement of consensus. Community members have been involved in<br/><br/>all aspects of this project.<br/><br/><br/><br/>A survey tool was developed to determine which of 75 health and<br/><br/>social services were felt to be available. Reasons services were<br/><br/>thought to be unavailable were explored. Subjects were asked<br/><br/>whether these services should be available to members of the<br/><br/>community. Finally, service providers' responses regarding<br/><br/>availability of services were compared to those of household<br/><br/>spokespersons to identify gaps in knowledge about services.<br/><br/><br/><br/>A stratified random sample of 299 households were selected,<br/><br/>representing 5 percent of households in Lamoille County. Community<br/><br/>members, known as volunteer researchers were assembled to<br/><br/>administer the survey. They were oriented to the purpose of the<br/><br/>project and the use of the tool. With input from the volunteer<br/><br/>researchers a structured interview guide was developed. Widespread<br/><br/>publicity, informing selected households by mail prior to contact<br/><br/>with researchers, and in-home interviewing by community members are<br/><br/>felt to account for the low rate of nonparticipation by selected<br/><br/>households (4%).<br/><br/><br/><br/>Findings include identification of a significant knowledge deficit<br/><br/>regarding many services currently available within the community.<br/><br/>Several services were thought necessary, though unavailable. There<br/><br/>is significant difference between providers and consumers in<br/><br/>perceived availability of services in several categories.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Significant findings of the survey and implications for future<br/><br/>activities of the Health Council will be presented. The advantages<br/><br/>and disadvantages of employing a qualitative approach to the<br/><br/>conduct of quantitative research will be discussed.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:04:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:04:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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