Relationships among Life-Style, Health Behaviors, and Health Status Outcomes for Underserved Adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149645
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Relationships among Life-Style, Health Behaviors, and Health Status Outcomes for Underserved Adults
Abstract:
Relationships among Life-Style, Health Behaviors, and Health Status Outcomes for Underserved Adults
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2009
Author:Alverson, Elise M., MSN, RN, FNP-BC
P.I. Institution Name:Valparaiso University
Title:Adjunct Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Theresa A. Kessler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC
[Scientific Session Presentation] The purpose was to examine the relationships among life-style, health behaviors, and health status outcomes for underserved adults at a nurse managed center. Guided by Bruhn's framework of life-style and health behaviors (1988), multiple influences (cultural, environmental, social, and personal) impact life-style that is acquired and changes over time. Health behaviors include actions or inactions that directly or indirectly affect health status. A convenience sample of 84 adults was recruited. Data were collected using an investigator developed tool to measure factors influencing life-style and health behaviors. Health status was measured by the SF-12 Health Survey which included general (SF-1), physical (PCS), and mental (MCS) component summary scores. Descriptive statistics and correlations were used to examine the variables. The majority of the sample was white (94%), female (65.9%), aged 18 -64 years, and had an annual income less than or equal to $ 25,000. Life-style results indicated: subjects slept an average of 7.16 hours, 44% smoked, 59.1% consumed alcohol, 43% used street drugs, and 45% exercised. For health behaviors, 65% engaged in screening activities, and 61% used one prescription medication. 89% identified one current symptom; 72% reported one current medical condition; and BMI averaged 29.3. Health status outcomes means were SF-1 = 2.9, PCS = 42.2 and MCS = 10.9. Age was negatively correlated with the number of alcohol drinks (p<.02). Medical conditions were positively correlated with exercise (p = .037) and prescription usage (p = .000). The only life-style or health behaviors significantly correlated with health status outcomes was prescription medication usage (p <.002). Medical conditions were inversely related to all health status outcomes (p <.007).BMI was negatively correlated with SF-1 and PCS (p< .002). Findings provided selective support for the links among life-style, health behaviors, and health status. The results can be useful when planning care for the underserved.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleRelationships among Life-Style, Health Behaviors, and Health Status Outcomes for Underserved Adultsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149645-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Relationships among Life-Style, Health Behaviors, and Health Status Outcomes for Underserved Adults</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2009</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Alverson, Elise M., MSN, RN, FNP-BC</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Valparaiso University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Adjunct Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">elise.alverson@valpo.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Theresa A. Kessler, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Scientific Session Presentation] The purpose was to examine the relationships among life-style, health behaviors, and health status outcomes for underserved adults at a nurse managed center. Guided by Bruhn's framework of life-style and health behaviors (1988), multiple influences (cultural, environmental, social, and personal) impact life-style that is acquired and changes over time. Health behaviors include actions or inactions that directly or indirectly affect health status. A convenience sample of 84 adults was recruited. Data were collected using an investigator developed tool to measure factors influencing life-style and health behaviors. Health status was measured by the SF-12 Health Survey which included general (SF-1), physical (PCS), and mental (MCS) component summary scores. Descriptive statistics and correlations were used to examine the variables. The majority of the sample was white (94%), female (65.9%), aged 18 -64 years, and had an annual income less than or equal to $ 25,000. Life-style results indicated: subjects slept an average of 7.16 hours, 44% smoked, 59.1% consumed alcohol, 43% used street drugs, and 45% exercised. For health behaviors, 65% engaged in screening activities, and 61% used one prescription medication. 89% identified one current symptom; 72% reported one current medical condition; and BMI averaged 29.3. Health status outcomes means were SF-1 = 2.9, PCS = 42.2 and MCS = 10.9. Age was negatively correlated with the number of alcohol drinks (p&lt;.02). Medical conditions were positively correlated with exercise (p = .037) and prescription usage (p = .000). The only life-style or health behaviors significantly correlated with health status outcomes was prescription medication usage (p &lt;.002). Medical conditions were inversely related to all health status outcomes (p &lt;.007).BMI was negatively correlated with SF-1 and PCS (p&lt; .002). Findings provided selective support for the links among life-style, health behaviors, and health status. The results can be useful when planning care for the underserved.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:06:34Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:06:34Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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