Empowerment among Pakistani Nursing Leaders: A Grounded Theory Approach

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149722
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Empowerment among Pakistani Nursing Leaders: A Grounded Theory Approach
Abstract:
Empowerment among Pakistani Nursing Leaders: A Grounded Theory Approach
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Gulzar, Saleema A., MScN
P.I. Institution Name:Aga Khan University
Title:Senior Instructor
[Clinical session research presentation] Nursing is a growing profession worldwide; however nurses continue to experience low image, social disapproval, and oppression, particularly in the third world countries. This phenomenon results in disempowerment of nurses contributing to low performance and poor patient outcomes. It is becoming increasingly clear that to meet the demands of a complex health care system nurses need to be empowered. Empowered nursing leaders are better able to facilitate positive changes and influence the society as a whole. Although considerable research work has been done in this area internationally, negligible attention has been given to studying the empowerment of nursing leaders in Pakistan. This study, conducted in 2006, aimed at discovering the key concepts and processes of empowerment within the Pakistani context. The study was conducted using a grounded theory approach. Twelve national nursing leaders from the public and the private health sectors were interviewed using semi structured interview guide. Data were analyzed using grounding theory analysis coding process and through constant comparisons within the data and literature reviews. A theoretical model of empowerment was proposed including conceptual and operational frameworks. The conceptual framework revealed ?empowerment? as the core category. Empowerment was explained within six major categories. These were: status of a nurse, nursing profession, power relationships, leadership and management, and value belief system. The operational framework revealed three major categories for empowerment: challenges, adopted strategies, and outcomes. Major recommendations for empowering nursing leaders included: strengthening nursing educational system; inclusion of courses on ethics, gender, politics and empowerment; strengthening nursing regulatory and professional bodies by appointing strong, empowered nursing leaders; and educating more male nurses to improve the gender mix. This indigenous context-based model of empowerment provides a framework for nursing leaders to develop a guiding tool to enhance empowerment of nurses in Pakistan.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleEmpowerment among Pakistani Nursing Leaders: A Grounded Theory Approachen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149722-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Empowerment among Pakistani Nursing Leaders: A Grounded Theory Approach</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gulzar, Saleema A., MScN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Aga Khan University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Senior Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">saleema.gulzar@aku.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Clinical session research presentation] Nursing is a growing profession worldwide; however nurses continue to experience low image, social disapproval, and oppression, particularly in the third world countries. This phenomenon results in disempowerment of nurses contributing to low performance and poor patient outcomes. It is becoming increasingly clear that to meet the demands of a complex health care system nurses need to be empowered. Empowered nursing leaders are better able to facilitate positive changes and influence the society as a whole. Although considerable research work has been done in this area internationally, negligible attention has been given to studying the empowerment of nursing leaders in Pakistan. This study, conducted in 2006, aimed at discovering the key concepts and processes of empowerment within the Pakistani context. The study was conducted using a grounded theory approach. Twelve national nursing leaders from the public and the private health sectors were interviewed using semi structured interview guide. Data were analyzed using grounding theory analysis coding process and through constant comparisons within the data and literature reviews. A theoretical model of empowerment was proposed including conceptual and operational frameworks. The conceptual framework revealed ?empowerment? as the core category. Empowerment was explained within six major categories. These were: status of a nurse, nursing profession, power relationships, leadership and management, and value belief system. The operational framework revealed three major categories for empowerment: challenges, adopted strategies, and outcomes. Major recommendations for empowering nursing leaders included: strengthening nursing educational system; inclusion of courses on ethics, gender, politics and empowerment; strengthening nursing regulatory and professional bodies by appointing strong, empowered nursing leaders; and educating more male nurses to improve the gender mix. This indigenous context-based model of empowerment provides a framework for nursing leaders to develop a guiding tool to enhance empowerment of nurses in Pakistan.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:08:11Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:08:11Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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