Music Intervention in the ICU: a Complementary Therapy to Improve Patient Outcomes

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/149953
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Music Intervention in the ICU: a Complementary Therapy to Improve Patient Outcomes
Abstract:
Music Intervention in the ICU: a Complementary Therapy to Improve Patient Outcomes
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Author:Wilkins, Mary Kathleen, RN, BA, BSN
P.I. Institution Name:Portland Providence Medical Center
Title:Staff Nurse
Co-Authors:Margery L. Moore, RN, BSN
I. PRACTICE PROBLEM: Inherent in illness and hospitalization are many stressors, which manifest themselves in patient responses including physiologic signs of sympathetic nervous system activation and psychological distress that necessitates treatment with pharmacological agents. A wide range of medical conditions combined with exposure to the unique environmental circumstances of the Intensive Care Unit elicit problematic patient behavior patterns requiring the application of physical and/or use of chemical restraints. Patient responses to stress, experienced due to illness and hospitalization, may have deleterious effects, potentially exacerbating pathologic conditions, thereby increasing the complexity and decreasing the cost effectiveness of nursing care. II. TYPE OF EVIDENCE USED: Evidence of the beneficial effects of music on the physiologic, psychological and social reaction of the patient was derived from an extensive literature review. Historical sources provided observations relating to the calming and healing effects of music from such diverse sources as Pythagoras, biblical commentary, and treatises from students of the 19th century Philadelphia physician Benjamin Rush. The notes of Florence Nightingale reveal the early interest of nurses in music as a beneficial intervention. Music Therapy, which emerged as a distinct discipline in the 19th century, provides a rich source of evidence for music as an auxiliary treatment for the reduction of stress, pain and anxiety. Medical and nursing literature provided many research and observational studies confirming the belief that Music Intervention is an appropriate adjunct for relief of symptoms that interfere with the healing process. Research has found that heart rate, respiratory rate and anxiety are reduced after music sessions in mechanically ventilated patients. Studies demonstrate that music reduces agitation in confused patients, improves mood and facilitates communication. Research supports the use of music as a pain reduction tool both in cancer and post-surgical patients. In one study of patients with chronic obstructive airway disease, dyspnea and anxiety scores showed a significant decrease after Music Intervention. Procedure related anxiety also demonstrated improvement with Music Intervention according to a study undertaken of patients undergoing flexible sigmoidoscopy. Other articles described the benefits derived from using music therapy either to benefit neonates, or to reduce non-adaptive behaviors in Alzheimer’s patients. III. METHOD USED TO OBTAIN AND REVIEW EVIDENCE: Information obtained from a systematic review of over fifty relevant research articles was synthesized into a computer database and critically analyzed. Communication was initiated with other evidence-based resources, such as hospital facilities utilizing music for therapeutic purposes. Queries regarding pre-existing clinical standards, along with program design, development, implementation, evaluation and the ultimate efficacy of their program were initiated. IV. PLANNED STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT: The strategy planned to achieve improvement of patient well-being made the documented benefits of Music Intervention available to all ICU patients. V. HOW THE STRATEGY WAS IMPLEMENTED: Personal compact disc players, speakers or headphones, and a wide selection of compact discs representing the broad age spectrum and rich ethnic and cultural diversity of the surrounding community were made available for all patients to use in the ICU. V. METHOD OF EVALUATION: A quality improvement pilot study was designed to look at select patient parameters, which, then, was used to evaluate the efficacy of the Music Intervention project. Blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, sedation and pain scale scores, medication administration and the presence of physical restraints were recorded pre and post Music Intervention session and recorded on a data collection sheet. Initial data was obtained within 30 minutes prior to initiating a music intervention session and collected within 30 minutes following the completion of a music session. Demographic data, length of stay and patient satisfaction scores, when available, were also recorded on the data collection form. Information was entered into a computer database, collated and analyzed for parameter outcomes. VI. OUTCOMES & RESULTS: Data analyzed from the Music Intervention quality improvement pilot study of 44 patients correlate with findings in the research literature. Significant findings included: · Of the 44 patients studied, 23 demonstrated a decrease in heart rate following a music session. · Respiratory rates in 24 of the patients studied decreased following a music session. · Of the 13 patients able to rate their pain, 23% of those studied reported a decrease in pain after listening to music. · Sedation scale scores for 16% of patients in the study demonstrated movement toward the midpoint rating of three which describes the patient as calm and co-operative. · Of eight patients in physical restraint upon initiation of music, two had their restraints removed following administration of music. · Patient and family anecdotes demonstrated widespread satisfaction with the Music Intervention project. VII. LESSONS LEARNED. Utilizing a best practice model that incorporates organizational and continual quality monitoring of the Music Intervention project established a framework that successfully translated evidence into practice. Through the use of Music Intervention, staff nurses were able to creatively address problems and initiate change, in daily clinical practice within the hospital setting, by implementing evidence based quality improvement strategies.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleMusic Intervention in the ICU: a Complementary Therapy to Improve Patient Outcomesen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/149953-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Music Intervention in the ICU: a Complementary Therapy to Improve Patient Outcomes</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Wilkins, Mary Kathleen, RN, BA, BSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Portland Providence Medical Center</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Staff Nurse</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">margerymoore@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Margery L. Moore, RN, BSN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">I. PRACTICE PROBLEM: Inherent in illness and hospitalization are many stressors, which manifest themselves in patient responses including physiologic signs of sympathetic nervous system activation and psychological distress that necessitates treatment with pharmacological agents. A wide range of medical conditions combined with exposure to the unique environmental circumstances of the Intensive Care Unit elicit problematic patient behavior patterns requiring the application of physical and/or use of chemical restraints. Patient responses to stress, experienced due to illness and hospitalization, may have deleterious effects, potentially exacerbating pathologic conditions, thereby increasing the complexity and decreasing the cost effectiveness of nursing care. II. TYPE OF EVIDENCE USED: Evidence of the beneficial effects of music on the physiologic, psychological and social reaction of the patient was derived from an extensive literature review. Historical sources provided observations relating to the calming and healing effects of music from such diverse sources as Pythagoras, biblical commentary, and treatises from students of the 19th century Philadelphia physician Benjamin Rush. The notes of Florence Nightingale reveal the early interest of nurses in music as a beneficial intervention. Music Therapy, which emerged as a distinct discipline in the 19th century, provides a rich source of evidence for music as an auxiliary treatment for the reduction of stress, pain and anxiety. Medical and nursing literature provided many research and observational studies confirming the belief that Music Intervention is an appropriate adjunct for relief of symptoms that interfere with the healing process. Research has found that heart rate, respiratory rate and anxiety are reduced after music sessions in mechanically ventilated patients. Studies demonstrate that music reduces agitation in confused patients, improves mood and facilitates communication. Research supports the use of music as a pain reduction tool both in cancer and post-surgical patients. In one study of patients with chronic obstructive airway disease, dyspnea and anxiety scores showed a significant decrease after Music Intervention. Procedure related anxiety also demonstrated improvement with Music Intervention according to a study undertaken of patients undergoing flexible sigmoidoscopy. Other articles described the benefits derived from using music therapy either to benefit neonates, or to reduce non-adaptive behaviors in Alzheimer&rsquo;s patients. III. METHOD USED TO OBTAIN AND REVIEW EVIDENCE: Information obtained from a systematic review of over fifty relevant research articles was synthesized into a computer database and critically analyzed. Communication was initiated with other evidence-based resources, such as hospital facilities utilizing music for therapeutic purposes. Queries regarding pre-existing clinical standards, along with program design, development, implementation, evaluation and the ultimate efficacy of their program were initiated. IV. PLANNED STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT: The strategy planned to achieve improvement of patient well-being made the documented benefits of Music Intervention available to all ICU patients. V. HOW THE STRATEGY WAS IMPLEMENTED: Personal compact disc players, speakers or headphones, and a wide selection of compact discs representing the broad age spectrum and rich ethnic and cultural diversity of the surrounding community were made available for all patients to use in the ICU. V. METHOD OF EVALUATION: A quality improvement pilot study was designed to look at select patient parameters, which, then, was used to evaluate the efficacy of the Music Intervention project. Blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, sedation and pain scale scores, medication administration and the presence of physical restraints were recorded pre and post Music Intervention session and recorded on a data collection sheet. Initial data was obtained within 30 minutes prior to initiating a music intervention session and collected within 30 minutes following the completion of a music session. Demographic data, length of stay and patient satisfaction scores, when available, were also recorded on the data collection form. Information was entered into a computer database, collated and analyzed for parameter outcomes. VI. OUTCOMES &amp; RESULTS: Data analyzed from the Music Intervention quality improvement pilot study of 44 patients correlate with findings in the research literature. Significant findings included: &middot; Of the 44 patients studied, 23 demonstrated a decrease in heart rate following a music session. &middot; Respiratory rates in 24 of the patients studied decreased following a music session. &middot; Of the 13 patients able to rate their pain, 23% of those studied reported a decrease in pain after listening to music. &middot; Sedation scale scores for 16% of patients in the study demonstrated movement toward the midpoint rating of three which describes the patient as calm and co-operative. &middot; Of eight patients in physical restraint upon initiation of music, two had their restraints removed following administration of music. &middot; Patient and family anecdotes demonstrated widespread satisfaction with the Music Intervention project. VII. LESSONS LEARNED. Utilizing a best practice model that incorporates organizational and continual quality monitoring of the Music Intervention project established a framework that successfully translated evidence into practice. Through the use of Music Intervention, staff nurses were able to creatively address problems and initiate change, in daily clinical practice within the hospital setting, by implementing evidence based quality improvement strategies.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:13:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:13:12Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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