2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150318
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Osteoporosis health belief scale
Abstract:
Osteoporosis health belief scale
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Gendler, Phyllis, MSN/MN/MNSc/MNE
P.I. Institution Name:Grand Valley State University
Kirkhof School of Nursing
Title:Assistant Professor
Osteoporosis is a major health problem affecting as many as 15 to

20 million individuals in the United States (National Institutes of

Health, 1984). Generally accepted strategies for decreasing the

risk of osteoporosis include exercise and adequate calcium intake.

The purpose of this study was to refine and further evaluate the

psychometric properties of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale

(OHBS) (Kim, Horan, Gendler and Patel, 1991). The original OHBS was

based on the Health Belief Model and adapted from Champion's Self

Breast Examination (SBE) instrument (Champion, 1984). It is a

35-item self report questionnaire consisting of seven subscales:

Seriousness, Susceptibility, Health Motivation, Calcium Benefits,

Calcium Barriers, Exercise Benefits, and Exercise Barriers. For

this project, items related to the concept of self efficacy were

added.



For the present study, two hundred female subjects, 35 years or

older were recruited from a university campus, a public school

system, a mammography clinic, retirement housing and senior

centers. The sampling was purposive to assure inclusion of

subjects from the entire range of ages. The questionnaire was

administered by trained interviewers at the subject's place of

work, residence, or, in the case of the clinic, in the waiting

room. To establish criterion validity for calcium intake and

exercise, a 24 hour dietary recall and the ARIC/BAECKE

Questionnaire of Habitual Physical Activity (Baecke, Burema and

Frijters, 1982), were administered along with OHBS.



Results of the psychometric analysis will be presented. Construct

validity was evaluated by factor analysis using principal component

technique with iteration. Reliabilities of the resultant subscales

were evaluated by Cronbach alpha coefficients. Discriminant

Function analysis was used to determine criterion validity for

exercise and calcium intake.



If the HBM is found to be theoretically sound and reliable

instruments are available, it can be used to structure

individualized health promotion nursing strategies.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleOsteoporosis health belief scaleen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150318-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Osteoporosis health belief scale</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gendler, Phyllis, MSN/MN/MNSc/MNE</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Grand Valley State University<br/>Kirkhof School of Nursing</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Osteoporosis is a major health problem affecting as many as 15 to<br/><br/>20 million individuals in the United States (National Institutes of<br/><br/>Health, 1984). Generally accepted strategies for decreasing the<br/><br/>risk of osteoporosis include exercise and adequate calcium intake.<br/><br/>The purpose of this study was to refine and further evaluate the<br/><br/>psychometric properties of the Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale<br/><br/>(OHBS) (Kim, Horan, Gendler and Patel, 1991). The original OHBS was<br/><br/>based on the Health Belief Model and adapted from Champion's Self<br/><br/>Breast Examination (SBE) instrument (Champion, 1984). It is a<br/><br/>35-item self report questionnaire consisting of seven subscales:<br/><br/>Seriousness, Susceptibility, Health Motivation, Calcium Benefits,<br/><br/>Calcium Barriers, Exercise Benefits, and Exercise Barriers. For<br/><br/>this project, items related to the concept of self efficacy were<br/><br/>added.<br/><br/><br/><br/>For the present study, two hundred female subjects, 35 years or<br/><br/>older were recruited from a university campus, a public school<br/><br/>system, a mammography clinic, retirement housing and senior<br/><br/>centers. The sampling was purposive to assure inclusion of<br/><br/>subjects from the entire range of ages. The questionnaire was<br/><br/>administered by trained interviewers at the subject's place of<br/><br/>work, residence, or, in the case of the clinic, in the waiting<br/><br/>room. To establish criterion validity for calcium intake and<br/><br/>exercise, a 24 hour dietary recall and the ARIC/BAECKE<br/><br/>Questionnaire of Habitual Physical Activity (Baecke, Burema and<br/><br/>Frijters, 1982), were administered along with OHBS.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Results of the psychometric analysis will be presented. Construct<br/><br/>validity was evaluated by factor analysis using principal component<br/><br/>technique with iteration. Reliabilities of the resultant subscales<br/><br/>were evaluated by Cronbach alpha coefficients. Discriminant<br/><br/>Function analysis was used to determine criterion validity for<br/><br/>exercise and calcium intake.<br/><br/><br/><br/>If the HBM is found to be theoretically sound and reliable<br/><br/>instruments are available, it can be used to structure<br/><br/>individualized health promotion nursing strategies.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:21:34Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:21:34Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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