Validation of nursing's human need theory in persons with HIV infection (DISS)

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150342
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Validation of nursing's human need theory in persons with HIV infection (DISS)
Abstract:
Validation of nursing's human need theory in persons with HIV infection (DISS)
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:1991
Author:Bremner, Marie, DNS/DNSc/DSN
P.I. Institution Name:Kennesaw State College
Title:Associate Professor
One aim of this study was to assess the underlying validity of

Nursing's Human Need Theory (Yura and Walsh, 1983, 1988) with

particular focus on a selection of propositions. A second aim was

to describe the human needs of persons with HIV infection for both

asymptomatic and symptomatic groups.



Propositions of the theoretical framework were selected and served

as the springboard for the deduction of hypothesis and research

questions. Is there a relationship among human need importance,

human need fulfillment, and human need disturbance of persons with

HIV infection? Is there a difference in human need fulfillment of

HIV asymptomatic persons and HlV symptomatic persons?



Participation was solicited from HIV infected persons above the age

of eighteen. A convenience sample of 115 was obtained from

community based HIV support groups within a large southeastern

metropolis. A tool was developed to measure human need importance,

human need fulfillment, and human need disturbance of ten closeness

needs. Five experts critiqued the tool for clarity of content and

construct validity. An alpha coefficient of 0.955 was ascertained

to measure internal consistency. A demographic sheet was developed

to assess age, gender, race, religious affiliation, income,

education, support from others, status of exposure to HIV, route of

transmission, symptomology, and use of medications.



The findings of this study indicated a significant relationship

between human need importance and human need fulfillment, between

human religious preference and human need fulfillment, and between

human need fulfillment and duration of HIV infection. There was

evidence to support dimensions of Nursing's Need Theory. Nurses

are encouraged to use the theoretical framework to guide nursing

care of individuals with HIV infection. Nurses must elicit input

from the individual with HIV infection when assessing human need

fulfillment since individuals determine the priority of their human

needs.



Before this theory is accepted as valid, considerably more research

needs to be done. This effort was one step toward the validation

of a theory which views the concept of human needs from a nursing

perspective.



Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleValidation of nursing's human need theory in persons with HIV infection (DISS)en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150342-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Validation of nursing's human need theory in persons with HIV infection (DISS)</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">1991</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Bremner, Marie, DNS/DNSc/DSN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Kennesaw State College</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">mbremner@ksumail.kennesaw.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">One aim of this study was to assess the underlying validity of<br/><br/>Nursing's Human Need Theory (Yura and Walsh, 1983, 1988) with<br/><br/>particular focus on a selection of propositions. A second aim was<br/><br/>to describe the human needs of persons with HIV infection for both<br/><br/>asymptomatic and symptomatic groups.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Propositions of the theoretical framework were selected and served<br/><br/>as the springboard for the deduction of hypothesis and research<br/><br/>questions. Is there a relationship among human need importance,<br/><br/>human need fulfillment, and human need disturbance of persons with<br/><br/>HIV infection? Is there a difference in human need fulfillment of<br/><br/>HIV asymptomatic persons and HlV symptomatic persons?<br/><br/><br/><br/>Participation was solicited from HIV infected persons above the age<br/><br/>of eighteen. A convenience sample of 115 was obtained from<br/><br/>community based HIV support groups within a large southeastern<br/><br/>metropolis. A tool was developed to measure human need importance,<br/><br/>human need fulfillment, and human need disturbance of ten closeness<br/><br/>needs. Five experts critiqued the tool for clarity of content and<br/><br/>construct validity. An alpha coefficient of 0.955 was ascertained<br/><br/>to measure internal consistency. A demographic sheet was developed<br/><br/>to assess age, gender, race, religious affiliation, income,<br/><br/>education, support from others, status of exposure to HIV, route of<br/><br/>transmission, symptomology, and use of medications.<br/><br/><br/><br/>The findings of this study indicated a significant relationship<br/><br/>between human need importance and human need fulfillment, between<br/><br/>human religious preference and human need fulfillment, and between<br/><br/>human need fulfillment and duration of HIV infection. There was<br/><br/>evidence to support dimensions of Nursing's Need Theory. Nurses<br/><br/>are encouraged to use the theoretical framework to guide nursing<br/><br/>care of individuals with HIV infection. Nurses must elicit input<br/><br/>from the individual with HIV infection when assessing human need<br/><br/>fulfillment since individuals determine the priority of their human<br/><br/>needs.<br/><br/><br/><br/>Before this theory is accepted as valid, considerably more research<br/><br/>needs to be done. This effort was one step toward the validation<br/><br/>of a theory which views the concept of human needs from a nursing<br/><br/>perspective.<br/><br/><br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:22:10Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:22:10Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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