Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention: Affecting Maternal Alcohol Behavior Through a Nurse Supportive Educative Intervention

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150417
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention: Affecting Maternal Alcohol Behavior Through a Nurse Supportive Educative Intervention
Abstract:
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention: Affecting Maternal Alcohol Behavior Through a Nurse Supportive Educative Intervention
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2001
Conference Date:November 10 - 14, 2001
Author:Eustace, Larry
P.I. Institution Name:Texas Continuing Education Services for Nurses, Inc.
An experimental, longitudinal design was used to compare the knowledge level and alcohol consuming behavior of 3 groups of pregnant women (a positive teaching reinforcement group, a negative teaching reinforcement group, and a control group). The aims of this study were to determine (a) the effectiveness of a 10-min. Video education intervention on increasing knowledge about the dangers of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and reducing alcohol-consuming behavior in pregnant women, (b) which of 2 education Interventions (a positive or a negative approach) is more effective on increasing knowledge and reducing alcohol-consuming behavior in pregnant women, and (c) the effects of knowledge about the consequences of alcohol consumption on actual alcohol-consuming behavior during pregnancy. Data were collected 4 times, using a questionnaire, from 281 pregnant women attending public prenatal clinics who were randomly assigned to 1 to 2 groups by day of clinic attendance: prior to and immediately after the intervention, and at 6 weeks, at 12 weeks after the intervention. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance, repeated measures analysis of variance, and Tukey’s Studentized Range Test. The hypothesis that the level of knowledge will be different among the 3 groups at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks following the intervention was accepted. Two intervention groups showed significantly higher levels of knowledge than the control group at both time points. The hypothesis that alcohol consumption behavior will be different among the 3 groups of women at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks following the intervention was rejected. There were no group differences. The hypothesis that knowledge levels will be greater and the amount of alcohol consumed will be less in the negative education intervention group than in the positive education group immediately following the intervention, at 6 weeks, and at 12 weeks following the intervention was rejected. There was no group difference. Finally, the hypothesis that higher level of knowledge immediately following the intervention will predict a greater reduction in alcohol consumption behavior at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks following the interventions was rejected.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Nov-2001
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleFetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention: Affecting Maternal Alcohol Behavior Through a Nurse Supportive Educative Interventionen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150417-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention: Affecting Maternal Alcohol Behavior Through a Nurse Supportive Educative Intervention</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2001</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">November 10 - 14, 2001</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Eustace, Larry</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Texas Continuing Education Services for Nurses, Inc.</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tcesn@aol.com</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">An experimental, longitudinal design was used to compare the knowledge level and alcohol consuming behavior of 3 groups of pregnant women (a positive teaching reinforcement group, a negative teaching reinforcement group, and a control group). The aims of this study were to determine (a) the effectiveness of a 10-min. Video education intervention on increasing knowledge about the dangers of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and reducing alcohol-consuming behavior in pregnant women, (b) which of 2 education Interventions (a positive or a negative approach) is more effective on increasing knowledge and reducing alcohol-consuming behavior in pregnant women, and (c) the effects of knowledge about the consequences of alcohol consumption on actual alcohol-consuming behavior during pregnancy. Data were collected 4 times, using a questionnaire, from 281 pregnant women attending public prenatal clinics who were randomly assigned to 1 to 2 groups by day of clinic attendance: prior to and immediately after the intervention, and at 6 weeks, at 12 weeks after the intervention. Data were analyzed with analysis of variance, repeated measures analysis of variance, and Tukey&rsquo;s Studentized Range Test. The hypothesis that the level of knowledge will be different among the 3 groups at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks following the intervention was accepted. Two intervention groups showed significantly higher levels of knowledge than the control group at both time points. The hypothesis that alcohol consumption behavior will be different among the 3 groups of women at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks following the intervention was rejected. There were no group differences. The hypothesis that knowledge levels will be greater and the amount of alcohol consumed will be less in the negative education intervention group than in the positive education group immediately following the intervention, at 6 weeks, and at 12 weeks following the intervention was rejected. There was no group difference. Finally, the hypothesis that higher level of knowledge immediately following the intervention will predict a greater reduction in alcohol consumption behavior at 6 weeks and at 12 weeks following the interventions was rejected.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:23:59Z-
dc.date.issued2001-11-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:23:59Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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