A Randomized Trial of a 20-Week Sun Tai Chi for Osteoarthritic Knee Pain in Elders with Mild Cognitive Impairment

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150454
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Randomized Trial of a 20-Week Sun Tai Chi for Osteoarthritic Knee Pain in Elders with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Abstract:
A Randomized Trial of a 20-Week Sun Tai Chi for Osteoarthritic Knee Pain in Elders with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Tsai, Pao-Feng, PhD, RN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Title:Associate Professor
Co-Authors:Jason Y. Chang PhD, Associate Professor
Cornelia Beck PhD, RN, Professor
Yong-Fang Kuo PhD, Senior biostatistician
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: This cluster-randomized clinical trial with two arms tested the efficacy of a 20-week Sun style Tai Chi (TC) program in reducing osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain in community-dwelling elders with mild cognitive impairment (CI). 
Methods: Elders in each site were randomly assigned to participate in the TC program (N=28) or an activity program (N=27). Elders' verbal report of pain, use of pain medication and pain behaviors were assessed. The intent to treat principle was used to analyze the results.      
Results: Results indicated that for 4 out of 5 pain variables [3-day average Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) OA Index pain score, observation of pain behaviors, monthly average daily Verbal Descriptor Scale (VDS) score, and monthly average daily analgesic dosage] trajectories over time significantly differed between the two groups (p= 0.021- 0.048). Over the 5 months, the 3-day average WOMAC pain score dropped 2.60 (37% reduction) in the TC group, while the score for the activity group dropped 1.03 (14% reduction). The number of pain behaviors dropped .96 (21% reduction) in the TC group, while the number in the activity group increased 1.63 (33% increase) over the 5 months. The activity group?s monthly average VDS score and analgesic dosage remained constant over time (p=ns). However, the monthly average VDS score dropped .33 (25% reduction) and the daily analgesic dosage dropped 223 mg (17% reduction) in the TC group. 
Conclusion: The study results indicate that Tai Chi is effective in reducing OA knee pain in elders with mild CI.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Randomized Trial of a 20-Week Sun Tai Chi for Osteoarthritic Knee Pain in Elders with Mild Cognitive Impairmenten_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150454-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Randomized Trial of a 20-Week Sun Tai Chi for Osteoarthritic Knee Pain in Elders with Mild Cognitive Impairment</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Tsai, Pao-Feng, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">tsaipaofeng@uams.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Jason Y. Chang PhD, Associate Professor<br/>Cornelia Beck PhD, RN, Professor<br/>Yong-Fang Kuo PhD, Senior biostatistician</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp;This cluster-randomized clinical trial with two arms tested the efficacy of a 20-week Sun style Tai Chi (TC) program in reducing osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain in community-dwelling elders with mild cognitive impairment (CI).&nbsp; <br/>Methods:&nbsp;Elders in each site were randomly assigned to participate in the TC program (N=28) or an activity program (N=27). Elders' verbal report of pain, use of pain medication and pain behaviors were assessed.&nbsp;The intent to treat principle was used to analyze the results.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; <br/>Results:&nbsp;Results indicated that for 4 out of 5 pain variables [3-day average Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC) OA Index pain score, observation of pain behaviors, monthly average daily Verbal Descriptor Scale (VDS) score, and monthly average daily analgesic dosage] trajectories over time significantly differed between the two groups (p= 0.021- 0.048). Over the 5 months, the 3-day average WOMAC pain score dropped 2.60 (37% reduction) in the TC group, while the score for the activity group dropped 1.03 (14% reduction). The number of pain behaviors dropped .96 (21% reduction) in the TC group, while the number in the activity group increased 1.63 (33% increase) over the 5 months. The activity group?s monthly average VDS score and analgesic dosage remained constant over time (p=ns). However, the monthly average VDS score dropped .33 (25% reduction) and the daily analgesic dosage dropped 223 mg (17% reduction) in the TC group.&nbsp; <br/>Conclusion:&nbsp;The study results indicate that Tai Chi is effective in reducing OA knee pain in elders with mild CI.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:33:25Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:33:25Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.