Safest, Cost Effective and Sustainable Method of Water Purification to Protect Health

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150549
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Safest, Cost Effective and Sustainable Method of Water Purification to Protect Health
Abstract:
Safest, Cost Effective and Sustainable Method of Water Purification to Protect Health
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2010
Author:Parvani, Zehra Ali Muhammad Ahmed, RN, BScN
P.I. Institution Name:Aga Khan University
Title:Nursing Instructor
Co-Authors:Saima Feroz Ali Virani, RN, BScN; Jalalluddin Rozina Kygiani, RN; Shireen Lalani, RN, BScN
21st INRC [Evidence-Based Practice Presentation] Background: Consumption of unsafe water is the one of the cause of water borne morbidities and mortalities in the developing countries. One tenth of the global disease burden is preventable by achievable improvements in the way we manage water. Cost-effective, resilient and sustainable solutions have proven to alleviate that burden. (Neira, 2008). Therefore, an experimental study project is carried to evaluate effectiveness of boiling water and hence, suggest it as safest, cost effective and sustainable method of water purification. Objectives: To test  the effectiveness of boiling water; to prove it as safest, cost effective and sustainable method of purification; and to compare the effectiveness of boiling water with filtration. Methodologies: To experiment two samples of boiled and two samples of filtered water collected from two houses of Karachi, Pakistan in February, 2007 according to the convenience. To ensure boiled and filtered water were from  similar source of water provision, each sample of boiled and filtered water was collected from the same house.  Samples of boiled and filtered water were tested for total coliforms through membrane filter techniques. Results were further analyzed through gram staining of four samples. Results: Membrane Filter Technique indicated presence of pink color colonies of coliform in the filtered water where as, boiled water was free from any bacteria. Similarly, Gram staining revealed the presence of uncountable bunches of gram negative bacteria (coliform) in the filtered water but the boiled water was pure from coli forms. Hence, it was proved that the boiled water is a safest, cost effective and sustainable method of purification. Whereas, filtration requires significant cost, proper maintenance and it does not screen out the bacteria from water. Thus, it is recommended that boiling water should be considered most effective method of purification and people should be aware about the consumption of boiled water as safest and cost effective.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleSafest, Cost Effective and Sustainable Method of Water Purification to Protect Healthen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150549-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Safest, Cost Effective and Sustainable Method of Water Purification to Protect Health</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2010</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Parvani, Zehra Ali Muhammad Ahmed, RN, BScN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Aga Khan University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Nursing Instructor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">zehra_parvani@hotmail.com</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Saima Feroz Ali Virani, RN, BScN; Jalalluddin Rozina Kygiani, RN; Shireen Lalani, RN, BScN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">21st INRC [Evidence-Based Practice Presentation] Background: Consumption of unsafe water is the one of the cause of water borne morbidities and mortalities in the developing countries. One tenth of the global disease burden is preventable by achievable improvements in the way we manage water. Cost-effective, resilient and sustainable solutions have proven to alleviate that burden. (Neira, 2008). Therefore, an experimental study project is carried to evaluate effectiveness of boiling water and hence, suggest it as safest, cost effective and sustainable method of water purification. Objectives: To test&nbsp; the effectiveness of boiling water;&nbsp;to prove it as safest, cost effective and sustainable method of purification; and&nbsp;to compare the effectiveness of boiling water with filtration. Methodologies: To experiment two samples of boiled and two samples of filtered water collected from two houses of Karachi, Pakistan in February, 2007 according to the convenience. To ensure boiled and filtered water were from&nbsp; similar source of water provision, each sample of boiled and filtered water was collected from the same house.&nbsp; Samples of boiled and filtered water were tested for total coliforms through membrane filter techniques. Results were further analyzed through gram staining of four samples. Results: Membrane Filter Technique indicated presence of pink color colonies of coliform in the filtered water where as, boiled water was free from any bacteria. Similarly, Gram staining revealed the presence of uncountable bunches of gram negative bacteria (coliform) in the filtered water but the boiled water was pure from coli forms. Hence, it was proved that the boiled water is a safest, cost effective and sustainable method of purification. Whereas, filtration requires significant cost, proper maintenance and it does not screen out the bacteria from water. Thus, it is recommended that boiling water should be considered most effective method of purification and people should be aware about the consumption of boiled water as safest and cost effective.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:36:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:36:12Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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