The Experience of HIV Positive Women Living in an African Village: Perceptions of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150563
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Experience of HIV Positive Women Living in an African Village: Perceptions of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs
Abstract:
The Experience of HIV Positive Women Living in an African Village: Perceptions of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2011
Author:Gardner, Janelle, RN, MSN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:CSU, Chico
Title:Professor
[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose: Kenya has approximately 1.4 million adults infected with HIV/AIDS, with a national prevalence rate of approximately 7.4%. The majority of the Kenyan people have not participated in a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) program and do not know their HIV status. This increases the likelihood of infecting others and spreading the disease. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore HIV positive women's experiences and perceptions about VCT programs.
Methods:  This qualitative phenomenological study explored the experience of HIV positive women in rural Kenya and their perceptions of VCT. All of the participants included in the study lived in a rural village in western Kenya and were HIV positive. A total of 29 women participated in the study. The investigator and translator walked to the participants' homes in the poor rural village on dirt paths. A semi-structured interview guide with open ended questions followed by probe questions were used to elicit in-depth responses during the interviews.
Results: Six themes emerged while analyzing the data: Living in fear, making the decision to be tested, the journey towards acceptance, changing behavior, planning for the future, and encouraging others to be tested.
Conclusion: HIV/AIDS continues to be a major public health issue in Kenya and other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Only 36% of the Kenyan adults have participated in VCT and know their HIV status. VCT programs are crucial in attaining goals related to prevention and management of the disease. Issues concerning the acceptance and use of VCT provide valuable information for enhancing access and the quality of the program.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Experience of HIV Positive Women Living in an African Village: Perceptions of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150563-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Experience of HIV Positive Women Living in an African Village: Perceptions of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Programs</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2011</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Gardner, Janelle, RN, MSN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">CSU, Chico</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">jgardner@csuchico.edu</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[22nd International Nursing Research Congress - Research Presentation] Purpose:&nbsp;Kenya has approximately 1.4 million adults infected with HIV/AIDS, with a national prevalence rate of approximately 7.4%. The majority of the Kenyan people have not participated in a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) program and do not know their HIV status. This increases the likelihood of infecting others and spreading the disease. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore HIV positive women's experiences and perceptions about VCT programs. <br/>Methods:&nbsp;&nbsp;This qualitative phenomenological study explored the experience of HIV positive women in rural Kenya and their perceptions of VCT. All of the participants included in the study lived in a rural village in western Kenya and were HIV positive.&nbsp;A total of 29 women participated in the study.&nbsp;The investigator and translator walked to the participants' homes in the poor rural village on dirt paths. A semi-structured interview guide with open ended questions followed by probe questions were used to elicit in-depth responses during the interviews. <br/>Results:&nbsp;Six themes emerged while analyzing the data: Living in fear, making the decision to be tested, the journey towards acceptance, changing behavior, planning for the future, and encouraging others to be tested. <br/>Conclusion:&nbsp;HIV/AIDS continues to be a major public health issue in Kenya and other countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Only 36% of the Kenyan adults have participated in VCT and know their HIV status. VCT programs are crucial in attaining goals related to prevention and management of the disease. Issues concerning the acceptance and use of VCT provide valuable information for enhancing access and the quality of the program.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:36:37Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:36:37Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.