Premarital Attitudes and Norms as Predictors of the Intention to Engage in Sexual Behaviors Among African-American Middle School Girls

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150600
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Premarital Attitudes and Norms as Predictors of the Intention to Engage in Sexual Behaviors Among African-American Middle School Girls
Abstract:
Premarital Attitudes and Norms as Predictors of the Intention to Engage in Sexual Behaviors Among African-American Middle School Girls
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2006
Author:Doswell, Willa, PhD, RN, FAAN
P.I. Institution Name:University of Pittsburgh
Co-Authors:Betty J. Braxter, RN, PhD; Yookyung Kim, PhD; Hyung-joo Kang, MS
The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975) postulates that attitudes and norms co-predict the intention to engage in a behavior.   Adolescent sexual behavior remains a problem among African-American girls.  Objectives:  The aims of this study were to:  1.) describe the premarital attitudes, subjective norms and intentions of African-American girls to engage in intimate sexual behaviors (e.g., French kissing, light petting, heavy petting, and sexual intercourse, 2.) assess the relationships among constructs in the TRA, and 3. ) evaluate premarital attitudes and subjective norms as predictors of the intention to engage in intimate sexual behaviors.  Methods:  Baseline data from ?A Randomized Controlled Trial of the NIA Intervention (RO1HD39757-01)? were analyzed.  African-American girls (n=204) age 10.1-14.1 years (mean age 12.4, SD 0.89) were recruited from five middle schools in a mid-sized northeastern city.  Treboux?s (1995) Premarital Attitude and Subjective Norm (mother, father, and peer) Scales in addition to the Doswell-Braxter (1999) Intention of Sexual Behavior Scale were used to assess the three TRA constructs.  Statistical Analysis.  Descriptive statistics and correlation analysis were conducted.  Multiple regression models were also generated. Results: Girls were unsure about their premarital attitudes, peer norms, and intention to engage in intimate sexual behaviors.  However, girls perceived that their mother/father would disapprove of engaging in any type of intimate sexual behavior.  Each TRA construct was significantly correlated with the other.  Premarital attitude was most strongly correlated with intention (r=.81, p=.001).  The best model for predicting intention included premarital attitude (Beta=.749, p<.001) and peer norm (Beta=.134, p=.004) with 81.7% of the variability explained by the predictors. Conclusion/Implications:  Interventions designed to delay African-American middle school girls? intention to engage in intimate sexual behaviors must target premarital attitudes.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titlePremarital Attitudes and Norms as Predictors of the Intention to Engage in Sexual Behaviors Among African-American Middle School Girlsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150600-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Premarital Attitudes and Norms as Predictors of the Intention to Engage in Sexual Behaviors Among African-American Middle School Girls</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2006</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Doswell, Willa, PhD, RN, FAAN</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Pittsburgh</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">wdo100@pitt.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Betty J. Braxter, RN, PhD; Yookyung Kim, PhD; Hyung-joo Kang, MS</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">The Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) (Fishbein &amp; Ajzen, 1975) postulates that attitudes and norms co-predict the intention to engage in a behavior.&nbsp;&nbsp; Adolescent sexual behavior remains a problem among African-American girls.&nbsp; Objectives:&nbsp; The aims of this study were to:&nbsp; 1.) describe the premarital attitudes, subjective norms and intentions of African-American girls to engage in intimate sexual behaviors (e.g., French kissing, light petting, heavy petting, and sexual intercourse, 2.) assess the relationships among constructs in the TRA, and 3. ) evaluate premarital attitudes and subjective norms as predictors of the intention to engage in intimate sexual behaviors.&nbsp; Methods:&nbsp; Baseline data from ?A Randomized Controlled Trial of the NIA Intervention (RO1HD39757-01)? were analyzed.&nbsp; African-American girls (n=204) age 10.1-14.1 years (mean age 12.4, SD 0.89) were recruited from five middle schools in a mid-sized northeastern city.&nbsp; Treboux?s (1995) Premarital Attitude and Subjective Norm (mother, father, and peer) Scales in addition to the Doswell-Braxter (1999) Intention of Sexual Behavior Scale were used to assess the three TRA constructs.&nbsp; Statistical Analysis.&nbsp; Descriptive statistics and&nbsp;correlation analysis were conducted. &nbsp;Multiple regression models were also generated. Results: Girls were unsure about their premarital attitudes, peer norms, and intention to engage in intimate sexual behaviors.&nbsp; However, girls perceived that their mother/father would disapprove of engaging in any type of intimate sexual behavior.&nbsp; Each TRA construct was significantly correlated with the other.&nbsp; Premarital attitude was most strongly correlated with intention (r=.81, p=.001).&nbsp; The best model for predicting intention included premarital attitude (Beta=.749, p&lt;.001) and peer norm (Beta=.134, p=.004) with 81.7% of the variability explained by the predictors. Conclusion/Implications:&nbsp; Interventions designed to delay African-American middle school girls? intention to engage in intimate sexual behaviors must target premarital attitudes.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:37:39Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:37:39Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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