The Relationships of Maternal Smoking with Maternal Mental Health and Mothers' Reports of Children's Behavior Problems

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150673
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The Relationships of Maternal Smoking with Maternal Mental Health and Mothers' Reports of Children's Behavior Problems
Abstract:
The Relationships of Maternal Smoking with Maternal Mental Health and Mothers' Reports of Children's Behavior Problems
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Hall, Lynne A., RN, DrPH
P.I. Institution Name:University of Kentucky
Title:Associate Dean for Research and Scholarship
Co-Authors:Mary Kay Rayens, PhD and Ann R. Peden, ARNP-CS, DSN
[Research Presentation]Background: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with a variety of adverse health outcomes in children. Purpose:áThe specific aims were to: (a) Determine whether maternal smoking is related to mothers' chronic stressors and depressive symptoms; and (b) Examine the associations of maternal smoking status and number of cigarettes smoked per day on childrenÆs behavior problems. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 205 single mothers with at least one child between two and six years of age. Inclusion criteria were: 185% of poverty level and not pregnant, suicidal, or receiving mental health treatment. In-home interviews were conducted using the Everyday Stressors Index, the CES-D Scale, the Child Behavior Checklist (on a single target child), and two questions about mothers' smoking (yes/no; number of cigarettes smoked per day). Results: Mothers' chronic stressors and depressive symptoms did not differ by smoking status.áNumber of cigarettes smoked was weakly correlated with both chronic stressors (r=.16, p=.02) and depressive symptoms (r=.14, p=.05). Mothers who smoked reported greater internalizing [t(04)=2.2, p=.03] and externalizing behavior problems [t(204)=2.8, p=.006] among their children than nonsmoking mothers. Number of cigarettes smoked was associated with internalizing (r=.20, p=.004) and externalizing behaviors (r=.25, p=.0004). In regression analysis, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, smoking status did not predict child behavior, but chronic stressors predicted both types. Controlling for personal characteristics, the more cigarettes smoked per day, the greater the externalizing, but not internalizing, child behavior problems. Conclusions: Exposure to ETS may increase childrenÆs behavior problems, particularly externalizing problems. Given that as many as 40% of children in the U.S. are exposed to ETS in the home, nurses have a major role in educating mothers about the adverse effects of smoking on their children.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe Relationships of Maternal Smoking with Maternal Mental Health and Mothers' Reports of Children's Behavior Problemsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150673-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The Relationships of Maternal Smoking with Maternal Mental Health and Mothers' Reports of Children's Behavior Problems</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Hall, Lynne A., RN, DrPH</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Kentucky</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Associate Dean for Research and Scholarship</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">lahall@pop.uky.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Mary Kay Rayens, PhD and Ann R. Peden, ARNP-CS, DSN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation]Background: Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with a variety of adverse health outcomes in children. Purpose:&aacute;The specific aims were to: (a) Determine whether maternal smoking is related to mothers' chronic stressors and depressive symptoms; and (b) Examine the associations of maternal smoking status and number of cigarettes smoked per day on children&AElig;s behavior problems. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 205 single mothers with at least one child between two and six years of age. Inclusion criteria were: 185% of poverty level and not pregnant, suicidal, or receiving mental health treatment. In-home interviews were conducted using the Everyday Stressors Index, the CES-D Scale, the Child Behavior Checklist (on a single target child), and two questions about mothers' smoking (yes/no; number of cigarettes smoked per day). Results: Mothers' chronic stressors and depressive symptoms did not differ by smoking status.&aacute;Number of cigarettes smoked was weakly correlated with both chronic stressors (r=.16, p=.02) and depressive symptoms (r=.14, p=.05). Mothers who smoked reported greater internalizing [t(04)=2.2, p=.03] and externalizing behavior problems [t(204)=2.8, p=.006] among their children than nonsmoking mothers. Number of cigarettes smoked was associated with internalizing (r=.20, p=.004) and externalizing behaviors (r=.25, p=.0004). In regression analysis, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, smoking status did not predict child behavior, but chronic stressors predicted both types. Controlling for personal characteristics, the more cigarettes smoked per day, the greater the externalizing, but not internalizing, child behavior problems. Conclusions: Exposure to ETS may increase children&AElig;s behavior problems, particularly externalizing problems. Given that as many as 40% of children in the U.S. are exposed to ETS in the home, nurses have a major role in educating mothers about the adverse effects of smoking on their children.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:39:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:39:43Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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