The nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls: The impact of a 4 year nutrition intervention program

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150697
Type:
Presentation
Title:
The nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls: The impact of a 4 year nutrition intervention program
Abstract:
The nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls: The impact of a 4 year nutrition intervention program
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2007
Author:Pawloski, Lisa, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:George Mason University
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Jean B. Moore, PhD, RN
[Research Presentation] This research examines the impact of a nutrition education program on the nutrition status, self-care practices, and nutrition knowledge of Nicaraguan adolescent girls. This study has implications for evidence-based practice of nutrition and health interventions. The study was performed by a multidisciplinary team of researchers including a nutritional anthropologist, a biostatistician and a pediatric nurse. This abstract will focus on the impact of the nutrition education program on girls' nutritional status. To determine nutritional status, anthropometric measurements and hemoglobin values were collected from a sample of 182 adolescent girls ages ten to seventeen years living in Managua, Nicaragua. Using a pre-test/post-test design, data were compared prior to and after the nutrition intervention program. Using Mexican-American reference data, statistically significant differences in height-for-age z-scores and weight-for-age z-scores were found (p<.05), such that girls had improved indicators of nutritional status at the end of the four-year nutrition intervention program, but not any earlier. The growth data also reveal implications for catch-up growth among these girls. However, hemoglobin data did not reveal significant improvement which may be due to specific environmental factors and pubertal changes. The findings from the study also revealed significant improvement in nutrition self-care practices and nutrition knowledge which will be described in more depth in another presentation. This research has implications concerning the development of successful adolescent focused nutrition intervention programs in Nicaragua. The results suggest that nutrition education programs in Nicaragua must be more long-term, in order to see effective outcomes in nutritional status. While the described nutrition education program may assist in improving the nutrition status, nutrition behavior, and nutrition knowledge of Nicaraguan girls, no improvement was found regarding hemoglobin status, which suggests the need for a more in-depth analysis of environmental factors within this population.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleThe nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls: The impact of a 4 year nutrition intervention programen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150697-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">The nutritional status of Nicaraguan adolescent girls: The impact of a 4 year nutrition intervention program</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2007</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Pawloski, Lisa, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">George Mason University</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">lpawlosk@gmu.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Jean B. Moore, PhD, RN</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">[Research Presentation] This research examines the impact of a nutrition education program on the nutrition status, self-care practices, and nutrition knowledge of Nicaraguan adolescent girls. This study has implications for evidence-based practice of nutrition and health interventions. The study was performed by a multidisciplinary team of researchers including a nutritional anthropologist, a biostatistician and a pediatric nurse. This abstract will focus on the impact of the nutrition education program on girls' nutritional status. To determine nutritional status, anthropometric measurements and hemoglobin values were collected from a sample of 182 adolescent girls ages ten to seventeen years living in Managua, Nicaragua. Using a pre-test/post-test design, data were compared prior to and after the nutrition intervention program. Using Mexican-American reference data, statistically significant differences in height-for-age z-scores and weight-for-age z-scores were found (p&lt;.05), such that girls had improved indicators of nutritional status at the end of the four-year nutrition intervention program, but not any earlier. The growth data also reveal implications for catch-up growth among these girls. However, hemoglobin data did not reveal significant improvement which may be due to specific environmental factors and pubertal changes. The findings from the study also revealed significant improvement in nutrition self-care practices and nutrition knowledge which will be described in more depth in another presentation. This research has implications concerning the development of successful adolescent focused nutrition intervention programs in Nicaragua. The results suggest that nutrition education programs in Nicaragua must be more long-term, in order to see effective outcomes in nutritional status. While the described nutrition education program may assist in improving the nutrition status, nutrition behavior, and nutrition knowledge of Nicaraguan girls, no improvement was found regarding hemoglobin status, which suggests the need for a more in-depth analysis of environmental factors within this population.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:40:23Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:40:23Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.