2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150741
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Stress and Coping of Cancer Patients: A Korean Study
Abstract:
Stress and Coping of Cancer Patients: A Korean Study
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2002
Conference Date:July, 2002
Author:Kim, Hee-Seung
P.I. Institution Name:Catholic University
Objective: to provide basic data for future nursing interventions on stress reduction and effective coping for the Korean patients. Design: a cross-sectional descriptive study. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: A total of 257 cancer patients participated in this study. Study subjects were recruited from oncology patient units of two tertiary care hospitals located in Seoul, South Korea. Both hospitals were university-affiliated medical centers that have 1263 and 800 beds respectively. The data were collected from November 1999 to March 2000. Method: The data were collected by face-to-face interviews. Stress was measured by a visual analogue scale (VAS) designed by Cline. Korean version of The Ways of Coping Questionnaire (KWCQ) (Yang, 1998) was used to measure coping of the study participants. The WCQ was originally designed to measure coping patterns of healthy individuals (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984).The KWCQ consists of 30 items that includes 14 problem-focused coping items and 16 emotion-focused coping items. A Likert type rating scale was used. In this study, the Cronbach's alpha reliability of KWCQ was .88. Findings: Study participants were primarily male (62.6%), and married (91.4%). Cancer of the gastrointestinal system was the most prevalent type of cancer (31.3%). Women and the patients in the third stage of cancer showed higher stress but less coping than other groups. Stress was negatively correlated with both problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Korean cancer patients used emotion-focused coping methods more than problem-oriented coping methods. Conclusion: This study showed a high risk group who may be in greater need of stress-reduction intervention: women, and patients in the third stage of cancer. Korean cancer patients reported more use of emotion-focused coping than problem-focused coping strategies. Implication: Women and the patients in the third stage of cancer showed higher stress but less coping than other groups. Better awareness of these high-risk groups could provide clinicians more insight into particular vulnerability that certain demographic groups may have. Korean cancer patients reported more use of emotion-focused coping. Considering that interventions using an emotion-focused approach could be more effective in assisting Korean cancer patients to adapt to cancer.

Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
Jul-2002
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleStress and Coping of Cancer Patients: A Korean Studyen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150741-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Stress and Coping of Cancer Patients: A Korean Study</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2002</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July, 2002</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Kim, Hee-Seung</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">Catholic University</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">hees1014@hanmail.net</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Objective: to provide basic data for future nursing interventions on stress reduction and effective coping for the Korean patients. Design: a cross-sectional descriptive study. Population, Sample, Setting, Years: A total of 257 cancer patients participated in this study. Study subjects were recruited from oncology patient units of two tertiary care hospitals located in Seoul, South Korea. Both hospitals were university-affiliated medical centers that have 1263 and 800 beds respectively. The data were collected from November 1999 to March 2000. Method: The data were collected by face-to-face interviews. Stress was measured by a visual analogue scale (VAS) designed by Cline. Korean version of The Ways of Coping Questionnaire (KWCQ) (Yang, 1998) was used to measure coping of the study participants. The WCQ was originally designed to measure coping patterns of healthy individuals (Lazarus &amp; Folkman, 1984).The KWCQ consists of 30 items that includes 14 problem-focused coping items and 16 emotion-focused coping items. A Likert type rating scale was used. In this study, the Cronbach's alpha reliability of KWCQ was .88. Findings: Study participants were primarily male (62.6%), and married (91.4%). Cancer of the gastrointestinal system was the most prevalent type of cancer (31.3%). Women and the patients in the third stage of cancer showed higher stress but less coping than other groups. Stress was negatively correlated with both problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Korean cancer patients used emotion-focused coping methods more than problem-oriented coping methods. Conclusion: This study showed a high risk group who may be in greater need of stress-reduction intervention: women, and patients in the third stage of cancer. Korean cancer patients reported more use of emotion-focused coping than problem-focused coping strategies. Implication: Women and the patients in the third stage of cancer showed higher stress but less coping than other groups. Better awareness of these high-risk groups could provide clinicians more insight into particular vulnerability that certain demographic groups may have. Korean cancer patients reported more use of emotion-focused coping. Considering that interventions using an emotion-focused approach could be more effective in assisting Korean cancer patients to adapt to cancer.<br/><br/></td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:41:36Z-
dc.date.issued2002-07en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:41:36Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
All Items in this repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.