A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Smoking Cessation Intervention for Pregnant Adolescents

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150752
Type:
Presentation
Title:
A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Smoking Cessation Intervention for Pregnant Adolescents
Abstract:
A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Smoking Cessation Intervention for Pregnant Adolescents
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2003
Conference Date:July 10-12, 2003
Author:Albrecht, Susan, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of Pittsburgh
Title:Assistant Professor
Co-Authors:Yookyung Kim
Background: Despite the well-known adverse health effects associated with smoking during pregnancy, 17.2% of pregnant adolescents continue to smoke throughout their pregnancies. Objective: To evaluate the short and long term effects of smoking cessation intervention strategies tailored to the pregnant adolescent to attain and maintain abstinence. Design and Sample: A total of 142 subjects consented to participate in the intervention study were randomized to one of three groups: 1) Usual Care (n=50); 2) Teen FreshStart (TFS) (n= 47); and 3) TFS with Buddy (TFS-B) (addition of peer support)] (n= 45). Participants in the experimental groups attended 8-week group sessions. Measures: Measures included demographic, substance use, and psychosocial questionnaires. In addition, saliva cotinine levels were also analyzed to evaluate smoking behavior. Methods: Measurement time points included baseline, post-intervention, 6 weeks postpartum, and 1 year post-baseline. Chi-square analysis was performed to test the efficacy of the interventions in achieving smoking cessation at post intervention, 6 weeks postpartum and one year post randomization, as well as the efficacy of the booster session at one year post randomization. Findings/Conclusions: The TFS-B intervention was effective in the short-term for achieving cessation as compared to usual care (p=0.008) however relapse to smoking in the postpartum was evident, and none of the interventions yielded long-term abstinence from smoking.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
10-Jul-2003
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleA Randomized Controlled Trial of a Smoking Cessation Intervention for Pregnant Adolescentsen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150752-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Smoking Cessation Intervention for Pregnant Adolescents</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2003</td></tr><tr class="item-conference-date"><td class="label">Conference Date:</td><td class="value">July 10-12, 2003</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Albrecht, Susan, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of Pittsburgh</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">saa01+@pitt.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Yookyung Kim</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">Background: Despite the well-known adverse health effects associated with smoking during pregnancy, 17.2% of pregnant adolescents continue to smoke throughout their pregnancies. Objective: To evaluate the short and long term effects of smoking cessation intervention strategies tailored to the pregnant adolescent to attain and maintain abstinence. Design and Sample: A total of 142 subjects consented to participate in the intervention study were randomized to one of three groups: 1) Usual Care (n=50); 2) Teen FreshStart (TFS) (n= 47); and 3) TFS with Buddy (TFS-B) (addition of peer support)] (n= 45). Participants in the experimental groups attended 8-week group sessions. Measures: Measures included demographic, substance use, and psychosocial questionnaires. In addition, saliva cotinine levels were also analyzed to evaluate smoking behavior. Methods: Measurement time points included baseline, post-intervention, 6 weeks postpartum, and 1 year post-baseline. Chi-square analysis was performed to test the efficacy of the interventions in achieving smoking cessation at post intervention, 6 weeks postpartum and one year post randomization, as well as the efficacy of the booster session at one year post randomization. Findings/Conclusions: The TFS-B intervention was effective in the short-term for achieving cessation as compared to usual care (p=0.008) however relapse to smoking in the postpartum was evident, and none of the interventions yielded long-term abstinence from smoking.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:41:54Z-
dc.date.issued2003-07-10en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:41:54Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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