Gender Differences in Sleep Disturbance, Fatigue, and Depression in Korean Gastric Cancer Patients and Their Family Caregivers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10755/150808
Type:
Presentation
Title:
Gender Differences in Sleep Disturbance, Fatigue, and Depression in Korean Gastric Cancer Patients and Their Family Caregivers
Abstract:
Gender Differences in Sleep Disturbance, Fatigue, and Depression in Korean Gastric Cancer Patients and Their Family Caregivers
Conference Sponsor:Sigma Theta Tau International
Conference Year:2005
Author:Cho, Maria H., RN, PhD
P.I. Institution Name:University of California San Francisco
Title:Assistant Adjunct Professor
Co-Authors:Marylin J. Dodd, RN, PhD, FAAN; Kathryn A. Lee, RN, PhD, FAAN; Geraldine Padilla, PhD; Rob Slaughter, PhD
This presentation reports on the little explored area of sleep problems and symptom experience of Korean gastric cancer patients and their family caregivers. Cancer treatment often leads to the experience of sleep disturbances, fatigue, and depression by both the patient and caregiver. Few studies have reported on the relationship between gender and altered sleep quality, fatigue and depression in this population. Purpose: To compare gender differences in the symptom experience of Korean gastric cancer patients and their family caregivers. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 103 Korean gastric cancer patients and 103 family caregivers. Patient subjects included 71 males and 32 females (mean age=52 years; SD 10.1). Caregiver subjects included 23 males and 80 females, (mean age=48 years; SD 11.4). Approximately 60% of all patients and caregivers had at least a high school education with moderate income. Demographic Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Lee Fatigue Scale, and CES-Depression Scale were used and have established reliability and validity. Descriptive statistics, Independent t-test compared gender within groups and Paired t-test compared symptoms between groups. Results: When sleep quality, fatigue, and depression were compared between patients and caregivers, there were significant differences between patients' global PSQI scores (mean=6.92, SD=2.62) and their caregivers (mean=5.81, SD=2.20; p=0.001), indicating that patients had more sleep disturbance. There were no statistically significant differences in fatigue and depression, respectively, between patients and caregivers. When symptom experience and gender was compared, there were statistically significant differences in fatigue (p<0.005) and depression (p<0.005) among patients. For caregivers, there were significant differences in fatigue (p<0.001) and depression (p<0.001) scores by gender. While both patients and caregivers experienced unpleasant symptoms, the findings suggest that Korean females experienced more intense fatigue and depression. Implications for Nursing: Oncology nurses should consider gender differences when assessing symptoms in patients and their family caregivers.
Repository Posting Date:
26-Oct-2011
Date of Publication:
17-Oct-2011
Sponsors:
Sigma Theta Tau International

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.typePresentationen_GB
dc.titleGender Differences in Sleep Disturbance, Fatigue, and Depression in Korean Gastric Cancer Patients and Their Family Caregiversen_GB
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10755/150808-
dc.description.abstract<table><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-title">Gender Differences in Sleep Disturbance, Fatigue, and Depression in Korean Gastric Cancer Patients and Their Family Caregivers</td></tr><tr class="item-sponsor"><td class="label">Conference Sponsor:</td><td class="value">Sigma Theta Tau International</td></tr><tr class="item-year"><td class="label">Conference Year:</td><td class="value">2005</td></tr><tr class="item-author"><td class="label">Author:</td><td class="value">Cho, Maria H., RN, PhD</td></tr><tr class="item-institute"><td class="label">P.I. Institution Name:</td><td class="value">University of California San Francisco</td></tr><tr class="item-author-title"><td class="label">Title:</td><td class="value">Assistant Adjunct Professor</td></tr><tr class="item-email"><td class="label">Email:</td><td class="value">maria.cho@nursing.ucsf.edu</td></tr><tr class="item-co-authors"><td class="label">Co-Authors:</td><td class="value">Marylin J. Dodd, RN, PhD, FAAN; Kathryn A. Lee, RN, PhD, FAAN; Geraldine Padilla, PhD; Rob Slaughter, PhD</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" class="item-abstract">This presentation reports on the little explored area of sleep problems and symptom experience of Korean gastric cancer patients and their family caregivers. Cancer treatment often leads to the experience of sleep disturbances, fatigue, and depression by both the patient and caregiver. Few studies have reported on the relationship between gender and altered sleep quality, fatigue and depression in this population. Purpose: To compare gender differences in the symptom experience of Korean gastric cancer patients and their family caregivers. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 103 Korean gastric cancer patients and 103 family caregivers. Patient subjects included 71 males and 32 females (mean age=52 years; SD 10.1). Caregiver subjects included 23 males and 80 females, (mean age=48 years; SD 11.4). Approximately 60% of all patients and caregivers had at least a high school education with moderate income. Demographic Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Lee Fatigue Scale, and CES-Depression Scale were used and have established reliability and validity. Descriptive statistics, Independent t-test compared gender within groups and Paired t-test compared symptoms between groups. Results: When sleep quality, fatigue, and depression were compared between patients and caregivers, there were significant differences between patients' global PSQI scores (mean=6.92, SD=2.62) and their caregivers (mean=5.81, SD=2.20; p=0.001), indicating that patients had more sleep disturbance. There were no statistically significant differences in fatigue and depression, respectively, between patients and caregivers. When symptom experience and gender was compared, there were statistically significant differences in fatigue (p&lt;0.005) and depression (p&lt;0.005) among patients. For caregivers, there were significant differences in fatigue (p&lt;0.001) and depression (p&lt;0.001) scores by gender. While both patients and caregivers experienced unpleasant symptoms, the findings suggest that Korean females experienced more intense fatigue and depression. Implications for Nursing: Oncology nurses should consider gender differences when assessing symptoms in patients and their family caregivers.</td></tr></table>en_GB
dc.date.available2011-10-26T10:43:26Z-
dc.date.issued2011-10-17en_GB
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-26T10:43:26Z-
dc.description.sponsorshipSigma Theta Tau Internationalen_GB
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